Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy's Podcast

Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy's Podcast

Better laws I Better governance

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How has politics interplayed with the development and adoption of technology in India? When and how did the opinions of politicians and the public diverge? How has India's relationship with the rest of the world shaped its destiny with regard to technology? In this episode of ALTRnative Perspectives, Jai Vipra talks to Arun Mohan Sukumar, author of the book Midnight's Machines, which explores answers to the questions above. The conversation ranges from the growth of consumer electronics to the future of the Indian IT industry, and the role of India in the new technological Cold War. ALTRnative Perspectives is a podcast by the Centre for Applied Law and Technology Research, Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy. This episode has been developed by Jai Vipra.

Aug 13

28 min 8 sec

The advent of technology over the last two decades has heralded a movement towards the digitisation of processes across society. The narrative of digitisation has taken a foothold in societal thinking about designing processes, yet the idea of 'paperwork' in the physical form continues to be commonly experienced, particularly in the context of 'paper monsters' like businesses, government processes and the judicial system. In this episode of ALTRnative perspectives, Aniruddh Nigam speaks to Aditya Patel of Leegality to talk about the implications of 'going paperless'. They discuss what it means for a process to be paperless, what are the reasons that hold back businesses and organisations from designing paperless processes and how questions of access are often ignored when thinking of 'going paperless'. They also discuss whether there is a normative value to transitioning from analog to digital processes and why systems continue to rely on paper-based processes despite the presence of technology-based alternatives. They go on to discuss this particularly in the context of the three 'paper monsters' who are the largest users of paper in society, and discuss a framework to think about how a process can be reimagined in a paperless form, particularly for businesses and commercial transactions. ALTRnative Perspectives is a podcast by the Centre for Applied Law and Technology Research (ALTR), Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy. This episode has been developed by Aniruddh Nigam.

Jul 30

38 min 8 sec

'Low code' is an approach to programming that avoids repetitive and boilerplate coding work through pre-coded templates. An increasing number of Indian tech startups are using low code. In this episode of ALTRnative Perspectives, we speak to experts Akshay Rangasai of Appsmith and Siddhant Puri of Retool to understand three main issues: One, the blurry line between low code and the general abstraction of technology. Two, the employment implications of low code - does it free up the time of engineers? Does it threaten some jobs? And three, what this means for the adage "everybody should learn to code" - with templatisation, does everyone really need to learn to code? How can innovation in digital technology arise in this scenario? ALTRnative Perspectives is a podcast by the Centre for Applied Law and Technology Research, Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy. This episode has been developed by Jai Vipra.

Jul 23

17 min 18 sec

In the final episode of Season 1 of Healthy Dose, Yogini Oke speaks to Mathavi Senguttuvan of the Centre for Biomedical Ethics, Singapore, on vaccine passports and immunity certifications and whether they are our passport to normalcy. They discuss the ethical considerations that stakeholders look at when introducing immunity certifications/vaccine passports, their historical and contemporary precedents, and the costs and benefits of these legal authorizations. Please send an email to us at health@vidhilegalpolicy.in for queries and feedback on this episode. Credits: Concept and Script: Yogini Oke and Shreya Shrivastava; Editing: Akshat Agarwal; Research: Rajashri Seal; Production: Nithin Shamsudhin; Design: Akhil Tom Prakash

Apr 20

41 min 14 sec

Producer and Host: Sneha Visakha; Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode; Outro Music: Opheliea's Blues by Audionautix TW: references to violence against women, girls, gender and sexual minorities In the final episode of this season of the Feminist City podcast series, Sneha Visakha engages with the why feminist urbanism matters, reflecting on the learnings garnered from this project so far. She describes the background of this project and discusses key cases that spurred conversations on the relationship between women and urban public space - from the Nirbhaya case in 2012, the case concerning Dr. Priyanka Reddy in 2019, and more recently, Sarah Everard in March 2021 - and how responses in each instance seems to be riddled with the same set of stereotypes and misconceptions that plague popular understanding of patriarchal violence against women and girls and how to prevent it. She discusses the biased nature of English media reporting in India of ‘people like us’ which tend to focus on specific instances of brutal violence affecting certain classes of privileged women in urban centres, rather than attend to the ongoing and systemic nature of gender-based violence. She also discusses the importance of understanding the city as an active participant in the production of patriarchal violence and of adopting an intersectional feminist approach that interrogates the material basis of exclusion in the city that disadvantages women and girls on the basis of gender in addition to other forms of social identity such as caste, class, religion, sexuality, ability and others. She concludes the episode with revisiting the question of why feminist urbanism matters and what it entails for lawyers, policy practitioners and for everyone interested in building safe and equitable cities. Readings: Making a Feminist City – Planning Safety and Autonomy for Women, Sneha Visakha https://vidhilegalpolicy.in/research/making-a-feminist-city-planning-safety-and-autonomy-for-women/ British Police Officer Charged With Murder in Killing of Sarah Everard, Elian Peltier, The New York Times, March 2021 https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/12/world/europe/uk-sarah-everard.html Devastatingly pervasive: 1 in 3 women globally experience violence, World Health Organisation, March 2021 https://www.who.int/news/item/09-03-2021-devastatingly-pervasive-1-in-3-women-globally-experience-violence Rape Culture in India: The Role of the English-Language Press, Joanna Jolly & Uzra Khan https://shorensteincenter.org/rape-culture-india-english-language-press/ Dalit women continue to face atrocities for claiming their rights, Ritwika Mitra, The New Indian Express https://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2021/mar/09/dalit-women-continue-to-face-atrocities-for-claiming-their-rights-2274367.html Four deaths and an arrest mark Adivasi women’s struggles with Bastar police, Malini Subramaniam, Scroll.in https://scroll.in/article/990264/four-deaths-and-an-arrest-mark-adivasi-womens-struggles-with-bastar-police Nandini Sundar: Militarization of the imagination, Chitrangada Choudhury, LiveMint https://www.livemint.com/Leisure/zyfPVZSNYs3suCelqi4vBP/Nandini-Sundar-Militarization-of-the-imagination.html Woman's suicide prompts Indian state to mull LGBT+ conversion therapy ban, Devasia Jose, Reuters https://www.reuters.com/article/us-india-lgbt-court-feature-trfn-idUSKBN27D1OU Misgendering, Sexual Violence, Harassment: What it Is to Be a Transgender Person in an Indian Prison, Sukanya Shantha, The Wire https://thewire.in/lgbtqia/transgender-prisoners-india Books: The Rape of Sita, Lindsey Collen https://www.feministpress.org/books-n-z/the-rape-of The Burning Forest, Nandini Sundar https://www.juggernaut.in/books/burning-forest-1 Video: The deteriorating health of Bengaluru's Pourakarmikas, Theja Ram, The News Minute; See the video interview in this link. https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=2727740800626137

Apr 13

44 min 20 sec

As the second wave of COVID-19 burgeons with a furious pace, vaccines become even more important. The site of vaccination becomes a site of resistance, quite literally. In Episode 5 of the podcast ‘Healthy Dose’, Vidhi’s Shreya Shrivastava speaks to Dr. Aqsa Shaikh, Associate Professor, Jamia Hamdard, regarding the logistics of vaccine delivery and the day to day functioning of a COVID-19 vaccination centre. How are vaccines transported and cold-chains maintained? How do vaccination centres respond to adverse events? How can vaccination centres be more inclusive? Join us as we find answers to these questions. Please send an email to us at health@vidhilegalpolicy.in for queries and feedback on this episode. Readings: 1. How Vaccines are Transported & What Happens at a Vaccination Site: Here’s All You Need to Know (News18.com) at https://www.news18.com/news/india/covid-19-coronavirus-vaccine-site-transport-cold-chain-explained-india-3288296.html 2. 29,000 cold chain points, 41,000 deep freezers: How India is prepping for Covid-19 vaccination (LiveMint.com) at https://www.livemint.com/news/india/29-000-cold-chain-points-41-000-deep-freezers-how-india-is-prepping-for-covid-19-vaccination-11608029738843.html 3. COVID vaccine does not harm fertility in women: Doctors (The New Indian Express) at https://www.newindianexpress.com/states/tamil-nadu/2021/feb/27/covid-vaccine-does-not-harm-fertility-in-women-doctors-2269732.html 4. Operational Guidelines: Strengthening Immunisation Systems to reach every child (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India) at https://imi3.nhp.gov.in/assets/document/Operational_Guidelines.pdf 5. Covid-19 Vaccine Operational Guidelines (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India) at https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/COVID19VaccineOG111Chapter16.pdf 6. Covid-19 Vaccine FAQs(Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India) at https://www.mohfw.gov.in/covid_vaccination/vaccination/faqs.html#who-will-get-the-vaccine Credits: Concept and Script: Yogini Oke and Shreya Shrivastava; Editing: Akshat Agarwal; Research: Rajashri Seal; Production: Nithin Shamsudhin; Design: Akhil Tom Prakash

Apr 13

32 min 38 sec

In the 21st century, almost all aspects of our life are governed by technology. There is an app for everything. India’s vaccination programme against COVID-19 is no exception to this. The challenge however, is of an epic proportion – to vaccinate a population of 1.3 billion, not all of who have a smartphone. In Episode 4 of the podcast ‘Healthy Dose’, Vidhi’s Shreya Shrivastava speaks with Dr RS Sharma, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO)of the National Health Authority and the man behind the COWIN app and portal to discuss how technology will supplement India’s experience in conducting a large scale vaccination programme, and its limitations in doing the same. Please send an email to us at health@vidhilegalpolicy.in for queries and feedback on this episode. Readings: 1. ‘How COVID-19 vaccine will reach Indian market’, Business Today, available at https://www.businesstoday.in/current/economy-politics/how-covid-19-vaccine-will-reach-indian-market-vaccine-logistics-supply-process-of-vaccine/story/423848.html 2. ‘COVID-19: The logistic challenges of vaccine distribution in India’, V Venkateshwara Rao (National Herald), available at https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/india/covid-19-the-logistic-challenges-of-vaccine-distribution-in-india 3. ‘India’s vaccine distribution challenge explained in five charts’, Tauseef Shahidi and Nikhil Rampal (LiveMint), available at https://www.livemint.com/news/india/india-s-vaccine-distribution-challenge-explained-in-five-charts-11607106132744.html 4. ‘Explained: Understanding Covid-19 vaccine wastage in India’, Kaunain Sheriff M. (The Indian Express), available at https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/covid-vaccine-wastage-pm-modi-coronavirus-inoculation-drive-7236405/ 5. ‘We need a robust architecture for vaccine administration: RS Sharma, National Health Authority’, Nayantara Rai (The Economic Times), available at https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/opinion/interviews/we-need-a-robust-architecture-for-vaccine-administration-rs-sharma-national-health-authority/articleshow/81837887.cms?from=mdr 6. ‘CoWIN app shall form foundation of Covid-19 vaccination drive: Centre’, Business Standard, available at https://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/cowin-app-shall-form-foundation-of-covid-19-vaccination-drive-centre-121011000533_1.html Credits: Concept and Script: Yogini Oke and Shreya Shrivastava Editing: Akshat Agarwal Research: Rajashri Seal Production: Nithin Shamsudhin Design: Akhil Tom Prakash

Apr 6

21 min 54 sec

Sometimes, hope can be found in the unlikeliest of times. The discovery of vaccines during the COVID-19 pandemic is an example. In the episode ‘Vehicle of Hope’ of the podcast ‘Healthy Dose’, we explore how economic and scientific innovations, specifically vaccines, can be seeds of a healthier future. Dr Arindam Nandi, Senior Fellow at The Centre for Disease Dynamics and Economic Policy gets into a free-rolling conversation with Vidhi’s Yogini Oke on vaccine financing, how COVID-19 is affecting early-childhood vaccination and how financing innovations from today can help the world combat alzheimers. Through this episode, we explore the potential of vaccines beyond their disease-prevention benefits. The episode was recorded on February 17, 2021. Please send an email to us at health@vidhilegalpolicy.in for queries and feedback on this episode. Readings: 1. ‘India announces Rs 900 crore for COVID-19 vaccine research’, Anwesha Madhukalya, Business Today at https://www.businesstoday.in/current/economy-politics/india-announces-rs-900-crore-for-covid-19-vaccine-research/story/421802.html 2. Understanding GAVI’s Funding Mechanism: https://www.gavi.org/investing-gavi/funding 3. Understanding GAVI’s COVAX Facility and the COVAX AMC: https://www.gavi.org/vaccineswork/covax-explained 4. ‘Federal spending on COVID-19 vaccine candidates tops $9 billion, spread among 7 companies’, Karen Weintraub and Elizabeth Weise, USA Today at https://www.pfizer.com/news/press-release/press-release-detail/pfizer-and-biontech-announce-agreement-us-government-600 5. ‘Pfizer and BioNTech announce an agreement with U.S. government for up to 600 million doses of MRNA-based vaccine candidate against SARS-COV-2’, Business Wire at https://www.pfizer.com/news/press-release/press-release-detail/pfizer-and-biontech-announce-agreement-us-government-600 6. Understanding the ‘Universal Immunisation Programme’ Framework in India at https://www.nhp.gov.in/universal-immunisation-programme_pg 7. ‘Partnership Launched to Alzheimer’s Worldwide’, World Economic Forum at https://www.weforum.org/press/2021/01/davos-alzheimer-s-collaborative-launches-global-plan-to-tackle-the-disease/ 8. Routine vaccinations in India disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic, Dr. Ramya Dwivedi at https://www.news-medical.net/news/20210201/Routine-vaccinations-in-India-disrupted-by-the-COVID-19-pandemic.aspx#:~:text=The%20pediatricians%20observed%20an%20over,COVID%2D19%20illnesses%20and%20deaths. 9. ‘COVID-19's Impact on Measles Vaccination Coverage’, Center for Disease Control and Prevention at https://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/measles/news/covid-impact-on-measles-vaccination.html Concept and Script: Yogini Oke and Shreya Shrivastava Editing: Akshat Agarwal Research: Rajashri Seal Production: Nithin Shamsudhin Design: Akhil Tom Prakash

Mar 30

31 min 9 sec

What is right and what is wrong is a dilemma that scientists, regulators and laypersons have faced frequently during the COVID-19 pandemic. The lines between the right and the wrong choice are more blurred than ever in governance and decision-making relating to health. In ‘Right or Wrong: Vaccination and Ethics’, the second episode of the podcast ‘Healthy Dose’, we speak to Dr Anant Bhan, an eminent bioethicist and Adjunct Professor at Yenepoya University, to explore these dilemmas through the lens of Bioethics. The episode attempts to make sense of what bioethical principles bind scientists, regulators and decision-makers in a public health emergency or otherwise. How can laypersons understand these principles and its application in their daily life? Please send an email to us at health@vidhilegalpolicy.in for queries and feedback on this episode. Readings: Joshua Teperowski Monrad, ‘Ethical considerations for epidemic vaccine trials’, Journal of Medical Ethics available at https://jme.bmj.com/content/46/7/465#xref-ref-9-1 Report of an advisory panel to WHO, World Health Organization, ‘Ethical considerations for use of unregistered interventions for Ebola viral disease’ (2014) available at https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/130997/WHO_HIS_KER_GHE_14.1_eng.pdf;jsessionid=A2799B8F84B5DDB90745AA1A8B0C1F6C?sequence=1 World Health Organization, ‘Ethics in epidemics, emergencies and disasters: Research, surveillance and patient care’ available at https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/ethics-in-epidemics-emergencies-and-disasters-research-surveillance-and-patient-care-training-manual WHO Working Group for Guidance on Human Challenge Studies in COVID-19, World Health Organization, ‘Key criteria for the ethical acceptability of COVID-19 human challenge studies’ available at https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/331976/WHO-2019-nCoV-Ethics_criteria-2020.1-eng.pdf?ua=1 John Authers, ‘Developing and distributing a vaccine confronts humanity with next moral test’ available at https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international/world-news/developing-distributing-a-vaccine-confronts-humanity-with-next-moral-test/articleshow/77312920.cms

Mar 23

23 min 56 sec

Producer and Host: Sneha Visakha Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode Outro Music: Opheliea's Blues by Audionautix In the ninth episode of the Feminist City, Sneha Visakha is in conversation with Dr. Mohsin Alam Bhat, Associate Professor, Jindal Global Law School. He is the principal investigator of the Housing Discrimination Project (HDP), a three-year empirical research project on urban rental housing discrimination in India. In this episode, they discuss the housing discrimination project and the nature of rental housing discrimination against Muslims in Indian cities such as Delhi and Mumbai. Dr. Bhat explains the modalities and narratives that underpin discriminatory practices against Muslims in the city and how ‘access’ to housing networks differs for different groups in the city. He also highlights the need to understand the cost and impact of discrimination, not merely in terms of outcomes, but as an ongoing, affective process, that results in the construction of exclusionary cities. They also discuss the role of law in addressing discrimination and the importance of multidisciplinary engagements with the law. You can read more about Dr. Mohsin Alam Bhatt, here: https://jgu.edu.in/jgls/faculty/mohsin-alam-bhat/ and find more information on the Housing Discrimination Project, here: https://jgu.edu.in/jgls/faculty-research/research-centers/public-interest-law/housing-discrimination-project/. Readings Cities Divided: How Exclusion Of Muslims Sharpens Inequality, Mohsin Alam Bhat & Asaf Ali Lone, Article14 https://www.article-14.com/post/cities-divided-how-exclusion-of-muslims-sharpens-inequality Bigotry At Home: How Delhi, Mumbai Keep Muslim Tenants Out, Mohsin Alam Bhat, Article14 https://www.article-14.com/post/bigotry-at-home-how-delhi-mumbai-keep-muslim-tenants-out Urban Rental Housing Market: Caste and Religion Matters in Access, Sukhdeo Thorat, Anuradha Banerjee, Vinod K. Mishra, Firdaus Rizvi, EPW (2015) https://www.epw.in/journal/2015/26-27/housing-discrimination/urban-rental-housing-market.html For whom does the phone (not) ring? Discrimination in the rental housing market in Delhi, India, Saugato Datta, Vikram Pathania, WIDER Working Paper (2016) https://www.wider.unu.edu/publication/whom-does-phone-not-ring Muslims in Indian Cities: Trajectories of Marginalisation, eds. Laurent Gayer, Christophe Jaffrelot, Hurst Publishers (2012) https://books.google.co.in/books/about/Muslims_in_Indian_Cities.html?id=qSnmSjPO6JsC&source=kp_book_description&redir_esc=y In Search of Fraternity: Constitutional Law and the Context of Housing Discrimination in India, Rowena Robinson, EPW https://www.epw.in/journal/2015/26-27/housing-discrimination/search-fraternity.html The Capitalist Logic of Spatial Segregation: A Study of Muslims in Delhi, Ghazala Jamil, EPW http://epw.in/journal/2014/3/special-articles/capitalist-logic-spatial-segregation.html The Right Time to Speak of Housing Rights in India is Right Now, Sushmita Pati, TheWire https://thewire.in/urban/housing-rights-covid-19-city-space-delhi-mumbai

Mar 19

59 min 42 sec

Have you ever participated in a lemon and spoon race? If you run fast, you drop the lemon. If you’re slow, you lose the race! It is all about maintaining that perfect balance between speed, and safety while maintaining your own footing. Indian regulatory authorities and scientific institutions have confronted a similar challenge: how to create a safe and effective vaccine against the Novel Coronavirus and at the same time, produce speedy results? In the first episode of the the podcast series ‘Healthy Dose’, Shreya Shrivastava, Research Fellow at the Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy is in a conversation with Dr Nilima Kshirsagar National Chair Clinical Pharmacology, ICMR, New Delhi, and with Dr Dhvani Mehta, Lead, Health, and Co-founder of Vidhi to discuss how scientists and regulators deal with this conundrum. To know more tune in to ‘Vaccines - A Lemon and Spoon Race’ the first episode of the podcast series ‘Healthy Dose’. Please send an email to us at health@vidhilegalpolicy.in for queries and feedback on this episode. Readings: 1. T. J. John and V. M. Vashishtha, ‘Eradicating poliomyelitis: India's journey from hyperendemic to polio-free status’ available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3734678/ 2. Janani M. and N. Venkatesh D., Clinical Evaluation of Vaccines, Vol. 11(5), 1775-1780 Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research (2019) 3. ‘What is the difference between efficacy and effectiveness?’ available at https://www.gavi.org/vaccineswork/what-difference-between-efficacy-and-effectiveness 4. The New Drugs and Clinical Trial (‘NDCT’) Rules, 2019 available at https://cdsco.gov.in/opencms/export/sites/CDSCO_WEB/Pdf-documents/NewDrugs_CTRules_2019.pdf, 5. New Drugs and Clinical Trials (Amendment) Rules, 2020 available at https://cdsco.gov.in/opencms/opencms/system/modules/CDSCO.WEB/elements/download_file_division.jsp?num_id=NTk3Mw 6. Government of India, ‘Office Memorandum regarding Rapid Response Regulatory Framework for COVID-19 Vaccine Development’ available at http://dbtindia.gov.in/sites/default/files/uploadfiles/Checklist_Recombinant%20Vaccine%20_COVID%2019_compressed.pdf 7. 'Draft Regulatory Guidelines for Development of Vaccines with Special Consideration for COVID-19 vaccine’ available at https://cdsco.gov.in/opencms/resources/UploadCDSCOWeb/2018/UploadPublic_NoticesFiles/Regulatory_guidelines_for__development_of_Vaccine_20.9.20.pdf 8. ‘How India’s regulatory pitfalls helped Covishield and Covaxin get rapid approval’ available at https://theprint.in/opinion/how-indias-regulatory-pitfalls-helped-covishield-and-covaxin-get-rapid-approval/581676/ 9. ‘UK medicines regulator gives approval for first UK COVID-19 vaccine’ available at https://www.gov.uk/government/news/uk-medicines-regulator-gives-approval-for-first-uk-covid-19-vaccine 10. 'New Pfizer Results: Coronavirus Vaccine Is Safe and 95% Effective’ available at https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/18/health/pfizer-covid-vaccine.html Credits: Concept and Script: Yogini Oke and Shreya Shrivastava Research: Rajashri Seal Script Editing: Akshat Agarwal Production: Nithin Shamsudhin Design: Akhil Tom Prakash

Mar 16

29 min 26 sec

With India’s vaccination programme against COVID-19 burgeoning everyday, vaccines have become a part of the public imagination, in almost an unprecedented manner. Naturally, we have many questions about the safety and efficacy of the vaccines, and how they will reach us. What are the laws and regulations governing this process? If the question 'How does a vaccine reach from the labs to the people?' piques your interest, listen to the first season of the podcast ‘Healthy Dose’ where Shreya Shrivastava and Yogini Oke, Research Fellows at the Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy, speak to vaccinologists, public health ethicists, economists and bureaucrats to help us navigate the complex web of information around vaccination. Please send an email to us at health@vidhilegalpolicy.in for queries and feedback.

Mar 9

1 min 35 sec

Producer and Host: Sneha Visakha; Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode; Outro Music: Opheliea's Blues by Audionautix; Trigger Warning: references to gender-based violence and structural violence Kindly note – This episode is English and Hindi; a translated transcript will be put up on our website shortly. In the eighth epsiode of the Feminist City, Sneha Visakha is in conversation with Deepa Pawar, Founder-Director, Anubhuti Trust. In this episode, they talk about the diversity of urban youth, the challenges young women & girls face in the city, particularly those belonging to vulnerable communities such as nomadic and denotified tribes (NT-DNTs) in the city. They talk about the right to pee campaign, the way urban infrastructure and deprivation contributes to gender-based violence, exclusion and injustice. They discuss the politics of urban development, about who helps build the city and who benefits from the current paradigms of development, about ‘mental justice’ as a critical dimension of social justice to be situated in the constitutional framework, and about the invisible structural violence that city-dwellers experience, particularly those belonging to NT-DNT communities. Deepa Pawar is the Founder and Director of Anubhuti Trust, with 20 years of experience in the social development sector. With a Masters’ in Social Work, she is a trained counsellor who has worked extensively with vulnerable communities and a core member of the Right to Pee campaign. She is an internationally recognised NT-DNT woman activist and wrote the first ever book documenting Gadiya Lohar nomadic tribe’s iron weapons / tools making. Anubhuti Trust, formed and self-led by women from different backgrounds, work on wide-ranging issues such as youth leadership, community development, mental justice, disaster risk management and constitutional literacy among others, from a gender justice, anti-discrimination and constitutional lens. You can read more about Deepa Pawar and her organization, Anubhuti Trust here: https://www.anubhutitrust.org/about/. If you would like to support their work, you can find information here: https://www.anubhutitrust.org/get-involved/ Readings: Mental Justice of the NT-DNTs in Context of the Pandemic, Deepa Pawar, EPW https://www.epw.in/engage/article/mental-justice-nt-dnts-context-pandemic Mental Justice: An Action-Research Report with College Youth in Maharashtra, India, Anubhuti Trust https://drive.google.com/file/d/1OZc3wrnWQIsO4uJfDZ0QQtK9qSiSLa5t/view Reporting on the Payal Tadvi case - Livemint, TheWire https://www.livemint.com/mint-lounge/features/payal-tadvi-suicide-case-the-death-of-a-doctor-1559891147950.html https://thewire.in/law/payal-tadvi-suicide-case-supreme-court-allows-accused-doctors-to-pursue-higher-education Journey to Social Awareness, with Deepa Pawar, The New Indian Woman Podcast https://www.thenewindianwoman.com/post/journey-to-social-awareness-with-deepa-pawar The Right to Pee Campaign (article), Refinery29, Video Explainer, Mumtaz Shaikh, BBC https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/2015/12/99116/right-to-pee-india-safe-bathrooms-campaign https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-asia-34861876 Infographic: Study on the socio-economic and educational status of denotified tribes (DNTs), Vijay Korra, EPW Engage https://www.epw.in/engage/article/denotified-tribes-evidence-undivided-andhra-pradesh Arbitrary & Disproportionate Criminalisation of Marginalised Communities, Srujana Bej, Nikita Sonavane, Ameya Bokil, Oxford Human Rights Hub https://ohrh.law.ox.ac.uk/arbitrary-disproportionate-criminalisation-of-marginalised-communities-a-countermap-of-pandemic-policing-in-india/ Countermapping Pandemic Policing - Sanctioned Violence in Madhya Pradesh, Criminal Justice and Police Accountability Project https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.indiaspend.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Countermapping-Pandemic-Policing-CPAProject.pdf&sa=D&source=editors&ust=1614954882938000&usg=AOvVaw3dVHY_-EEamYrD1AOyLOk8

Mar 5

1 hr 16 min

In the season finale of Justify, Dr Arghya Sengupta and Raag Yadava, Assistant Professor at the National Law School of India University, Bengaluru, talk about the state of legal education at institutions in India, and how legal training can keep pace with the expanding role of legal professionals.

Mar 4

36 min 36 sec

The India Justice Report 2020, released recently, provides a picture of the state of justice in the country. It is a quantitative measurement of budgets, human resources, infrastructure, workload, diversity across police, judiciary, prisons and legal aid in the country. In the 10th episode of Justify Season 2, Vidhi's podcast on law and politics in India, Dr Arghya Sengupta discusses the findings of the report and its importance with Maja Daruwala, Chief Editor of the report and Vijay Raghavan, Professor at TISS. Through the rankings in the report, they explore the failings of the Indian justice system and the reforms it needs, particularly in prisons and policing. Read the India Justice Report 2020: https://vidhilegalpolicy.in/research/the-indian-justice-report-2020/ Watch out for Vidhi's quiz, CLATTR, at the end of the episode, and stand a chance to win an Amazon voucher. Write in your answer and feedback on the episode to justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in.

Feb 25

39 min 10 sec

Producer and Host: Sneha Visakha; Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode; Outro Music: Opheliea's Blues by Audionautix Trigger Warning: references to gender-based violence and domestic violence It has been a decade since the publication of Why Loiter? a book that changed the way we think about women’s safety, autonomy and how women and girls occupy the Indian city. In the seventh episode of the Feminist City, Sneha Visakha is in conversation with Dr. Shilpa Phadke, one of the authors. They talk about the ways thinking around women’s safety has changed or remained the same, about women claiming political citizenship, the way ‘love jihad’ is constructed to target the Muslim community while exercising control over women and girls, about how one can understand and embody the lessons of Why Loiter? a decade later in the background of the paternalistic, anti-democratic and neoliberal contexts we increasingly find ourselves in. They also discuss Dr. Phadke’s work on desexualising safety, the right to claim risk, what it means to be a feminist parent to children, and how does one nurture feminist imagination? Dr. Shilpa Phadke is an Associate Professor at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai. You can read about her work here: https://www.tiss.edu/view/9/employee/shilpa-phadke/ Readings Why Loiter? Women and Risk on Mumbai Streets, Shilpa Phadke, Shilpa Ranade, Sameera Khan, Penguin India https://books.google.co.in/books/about/Why_Loiter.html?id=HWi-S1ZAdOgC&redir_esc=y Unfriendly Bodies, Hostile Cities: Reflections on Loitering and Gendered Public Space, Shilpa Phadke, Economic and Political Weekly https://www.academia.edu/4550964/Unfriendly_Bodies_Hostile_Cities_Reflections_on_Loitering_and_Gendered_Public_Space Dangerous Liaisons; Women and Men: Risk and Reputation in Mumbai, Shilpa Phadke, Economic and Political Weekly https://www.epw.in/journal/2007/17/review-womens-studies-review-issues-specials/dangerous-liaisons.html If Women Could Risk Pleasure: Reinterpreting Violence in Public Space, Shilpa Phadke, in Bishakha Datta (ed.) Nine Degrees of Justice: New perspectives on violence against women in India, Zubaan https://zubaanbooks.com/shop/nine-degrees-of-justice/ Feminist Mothering: Some Notes on Sexuality and Risk from Urban India, Shilpa Phadke, Journal of South Asian Studies https://www.academia.edu/3624227/Feminist_Mothering_Some_Reflections_on_Sexuality_and_Risk_from_Urban_India Sexual Violence and Sexuality Education - The Missing Link, Ketaki Chowkhani, Kafila https://kafila.online/2012/12/25/sexual-violence-and-sexuality-education-the-missing-link-guest-post-by-ketaki-chowkhani/ Habits of Leaking: Of Sluts and Network Cards, Wendy Chun & Sarah Friedland https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282302834_Habits_of_Leaking_Of_Sluts_and_Network_Cards Making a Feminist City - Planning Safety and Autonomy in the City, Sneha Visakha https://vidhilegalpolicy.in/research/making-a-feminist-city-planning-safety-and-autonomy-for-women/ Reclaiming Our Public Spaces, Shiny Varghese, The Indian Express https://indianexpress.com/article/express-sunday-eye/room-for-dignity-public-places-shivaji-park-india-gate-nariman-point-shaheen-bagh-central-vista-redevelopment-6232703/ Rest As A Form of Social Justice, NPR Interview with Tricia Hersey, founder, The Nap Ministry: Rest as Resistance https://www.npr.org/2020/06/04/869952476/atlanta-based-organization-advocates-for-rest-as-a-form-of-social-justice The History of Doing, An Illustrated Account of Movements of Women’s Rights and Feminism in India (1800 – 1990), Radha Kumar, Zubaan https://zubaanbooks.com/shop/history-of-doing-an-illustrated-account-of-movements-for-womens-rights-and-feminism-in-india-1800-1990/ How to Raise a Feminist Son, Sonora Jha, Penguin India https://penguin.co.in/book/how-to-raise-a-feminist-son/

Feb 24

1 hr 5 min

In the ninth episode of Justify Season 2, Vidhi's podcast on law and politics in India, Dr Arghya Sengupta speaks to Amit Kapur, Joint Managing Partner of J. Sagar Associates and expert on infrastructure and regulatory laws, on the Union Budget 2021, its focus on infrastructure development, and the changes needed in law to back the proposed reforms. Watch out for Vidhi's quiz, CLATTR, at the end of the episode, and stand a chance to win an Amazon voucher. Write in your answer and feedback on the episode to justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in.

Feb 18

37 min 11 sec

Producer and Host: Sneha Visakha; Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode; Outro Music: Opheliea's Blues by Audionautix Trigger Warning: references to violence against women, sexual harassment, carcerality, and extra-judicial violence Legal approaches to women’s safety have tended to be highly dominated by discussions around criminal justice and carcerality. In this episode, Sneha Visakha is in conversation with Alok Prasanna Kumar about why tackling violence against women must shift away from criminal approaches to bringing about structural changes towards correcting gendered power imbalance in society - making questions of municipal law, education and social and economic justice mechanisms sites for feminist legal intervention. They discuss the contrast in the State’s paternalistic protectionism towards women’s safety versus the targeting of young women by the State’s criminal apparatus, changing goals of feminist movements, varied state responses to violence against women belonging to marginalised communities, about carcerality, trauma and why the criminal justice system doesn’t seem to work for women. Readings: Making a Feminist City - Planning Safety and Autonomy in the City, Sneha Visakha https://vidhilegalpolicy.in/research/making-a-feminist-city-planning-safety-and-autonomy-for-women/ Power, An open letter to the Supreme Court changed the way many Indians thought about women’s rights, Sarita Santhoshini, FiftyTwo.in https://fiftytwo.in/story/power/ The Unconstitutionality of the Marital Rape Exemption in India, Agnidipto Tarafder and Adrija Ghosh, Oxford Human Rights Hub https://bit.ly/3qzaFmo Submission to UNSR on Violence Against Women on Thematic Report on Rape, Sandra Fredman, Anjali Rawat, Aradhana Cherupara Vadekkethil and Meghan Campbell, Oxford Human Rights Hub https://ohrh.law.ox.ac.uk/publications/submission-to-unsr-on-violence-against-women-on-thematic-report-on-rape/ Feminism in Legal Education, Catherine Mackinnon; Feminist Legal Theories, Summary http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/LegEdRev/1989/7.html https://cyber.harvard.edu/bridge/CriticalTheory/critical3.txt.htm The “Public Secret” of Torture, Its Dimensions and Context, In conversation with Jinee Lokaneeta, Indian Journal of Law and Public Policy https://ijlpp.com/in-conversation-with-prof-jinee-lokaneeta-the-public-secret-of-torture-its-dimensions-and-context/ On sexual harassment, why complain, strategic inefficiency, nodding as a non-performative, in the thick of it, complaint and survival, Sara Ahmed, Feminist Killjoys https://feministkilljoys.com/2015/12/03/sexual-harassment/ Book Review: Sheela Reddy’s Mr And Mrs Jinnah: The Marriage That Shook India, LiveMint https://www.livemint.com/Leisure/5ZctNxvhWGgJWAIfWjr5MM/Book-review-Mr-And-Mrs-Jinnah.html Most Harassment of Transgender People is by Police, Times of India https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/Police-harass-transgenders-most-says-study/articleshow/51869919.cms One in Every Three Under-Trial Prisoners in India Is Either SC or ST: Study, The Wire https://thewire.in/rights/one-in-every-three-under-trial-prisoners-in-india-is-either-sc-or-st-study People of denotified tribes continue to bear the burden of an unjust colonial past, Nikita Sonavane , Srujana Bej , Ameya Bokil, The Indian Express https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/people-of-denotified-tribes-continue-to-bear-the-burden-of-an-unjust-colonial-past-7095613/ What to Say to Your Daughter About Campus Sexual Assault, Nicole Bedera, Slate https://slate.com/human-interest/2020/03/daughter-advice-sexual-assault-college.html A detailed list of readings is here: https://vidhilegalpolicy.in/podcasts/the-feminist-city-trailer/shifting-away-from-criminal-approaches-and-carcerality-for-gender-justice/

Feb 17

46 min 48 sec

In this special musical episode of Justify Season 2 with Dr Arghya Sengupta, hear through conversation and song from Bonnie Chakraborty, singer and songwriter, on the roots of Baul music which is a unique heritage of Bengali folk music, the philosophy of the Baul people, and how their traditions are being kept alive by renowned musicians around the world. Oikyotaan is Chakraborty’s performing group that plays Bengali folk music. Check out their album ‘Global Music Village’ on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/6wfapVn7IHtA1t4iXcz1FT?si=xMRbkiShRe2jNz7sVQG98g. Read more about Oikyotaan: https://www.bonniechakraborty.com/ Watch out for Vidhi's quiz, CLATTR, at the end of the episode, and stand a chance to win an Amazon voucher. Write in your answer and feedback on the episode to justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in.

Feb 11

38 min 27 sec

In episode seven of Justify Season 2, Dr Arghya Sengupta speaks to Rahul Matthan, Partner at Trilegal and a leading thinker on law and technology in India, on WhatsApp's new privacy policy, whether the application should be treated as a public utility, and the issue of lack of user consent. The questions addressed include whether Signal will have the same problem as WhatsApp if and when it becomes as big, and whether user consent on these platforms as a 'take-the-service-or-leave-it' choice is really meaningful. Watch out for Vidhi's quiz, CLATTR, at the end of the episode, and stand a chance to win a gift voucher. Write in your answer and feedback on the episode to justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in.

Feb 4

42 min 13 sec

Host: Sneha Visakha; Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode; Outro Music: Opheliea's Blues by Audionautix In the fifth episode of The Feminist City podcast series, we speak with Prem Chandavarkar, Bengaluru based architect about the central vista redevelopment project. Some of the issues we touch upon are the background and recent developments around the central vista redevelopment project, the paradigms of urban development in India, implications of the Supreme Court ruling on participatory planning in the context of imagining feminist cities and the role of the everyday citizen in constructing and participating in the city. Central Vista Redevelopment Project: The Architecture of Democracy: Central Vista and a Tale of Three Axes, Prem Chandavarkar, India Forum (Essay and Podcast episode) https://www.theindiaforum.in/article/architecture-democracy Monumental Mistakes, The undemocratic vision behind the redevelopment of Delhi’s Central Vista, Prem Chandavarkar, Caravan https://caravanmagazine.in/government/undemocratic-vision-behind-redevelopment-delhi-central-vista SC's Central Vista Verdict Equates Development With Development Projects, Interview with Kanchi Kohli and Manju Menon, The Wire https://thewire.in/law/supreme-court-central-vista-project-verdict-manju-menon-kanchi-kohli-interview Supreme Court Ruling in the Central Vista Case: Central Vista Ruling Sets Dangerous Precedent for Judicial Review, Jahnavi Sindhu and Vikram Aditya Narayan, The Quint https://www.thequint.com/voices/opinion/central-vista-supreme-court-ruling-judicial-review-dangerous-precedent Central Vista, Executive’s Caprice and Rule of Law, Suhrith Parthasarathy, The Hindu https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/central-vista-executives-caprice-and-rule-of-law/article33545045.ece Urban Governance and Participatory Planning: Urban Governance, How Democratic? Urban Policies and the Right to the City in India, UNESCO, New Delhi https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280638109_Urban_Policies_and_the_Right_to_the_City_in_India_Rights_Responsibilities_and_Citizenship Planning from below: using feminist participatory methods to increase women’s participation in urban planning, Sara Ortiz Escalante & Blanca Gutiérrez Valdivia, Gender and Development https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273922111_Planning_from_below_using_feminist_participatory_methods_to_increase_women's_participation_in_planning Videos: Urban Design Politics: The proposed redevelopment of the Central Vista in New Delhi, Bangalore International Centre (Presentation on the history and proposed redevelopment of the Central Vista Project followed by a panel discussion) https://bangaloreinternationalcentre.org/event/urban-design-politics/ Structures of Power Being Built Over the Ruins of Environment, NewsClick (Hindi) https://www.newsclick.in/structures-power-being-built-over-ruins-environment (NewsClick has a series of videos, articles and interviews on various aspects of history, heritage and environmental issues related to the Central Vista Redevelopment Project that can be accessed here) https://www.newsclick.in/articles/Central%20Vista/videos

Jan 29

35 min 31 sec

Farmers began their protest on the borders of Delhi almost two months ago. Their major demand has been a repeal of the three new farm laws which many have termed as ‘anti-farmer’. In the sixth episode of Season 2 of Justify, Vidhi's podcast on law and politics in India, Dr Arghya Sengupta speaks to Ireena Vittal, a long-time observer of Indian agriculture, on what the new agri laws aim to do, what the major contentions of the protesting farmers are, and on the larger reforms that Indian agriculture needs. Watch out for Vidhi's quiz, CLATTR, at the end of the episode, and stand a chance to win a gift voucher. Write in your answer and feedback on the episode to justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in.

Jan 21

38 min 38 sec

Host: Sneha Visakha; Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode; Outro Music: Opheliea's Blues by Audionautix In the fourth episode of The Feminist City podcast, we speak with Dr. Naveen Bharathi, Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Center for the Advanced Study of India (CASI), University of Pennsylvania. Naveen’s work is at the intersection of political sociology and political economy of identity and he has worked on spatial segregation in contemporary urban India. Some issues we touch upon are: urbanisation and how cities are segregated on the lines of caste and religion, history of urban development in Bengaluru, housing discrimination and impact of ghettoisation on people’s everyday life. Explore these questions in the Feminist City podcast series, hosted by Sneha Visakha. You can read more about our guest, Dr. Naveen Bharathi here. For background reading, we recommend perusing the literature provided below. Neighbourhood-scale Residential Segregation in Indian Metros, Naveen Bharathi, Deepak Malghan & Andaleeb Rahman https://www.epw.in/journal/2019/30/notes/neighbourhood-scale-residential-segregation-indian.html Why Lucknow, Jaipur don’t see communal riots but Delhi and Ahmedabad do, Naveen Bharathi & Kashif-Ul-Huda https://theprint.in/opinion/why-lucknow-jaipur-dont-see-communal-riots-but-delhi-and-ahmedabad-do/380171/ In Ahmedabad’s Juhapura, exploring the paradoxes of Muslim ghettoisation, Sharik Laliwala, Christophe Jaffrelot & Priyal Thakkar https://scroll.in/article/983339/in-ahmedabads-juhapura-exploring-the-paradoxes-of-muslim-ghettoisation Muslims in Indian cities: Degrees of segregation and the elusive ghetto, Raphael Susewind https://kclpure.kcl.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/muslims-in-indian-cities(80cf21c9-1c8d-46ea-826d-9b379d255a55).html Employment, Exclusion and 'Merit' in the Indian IT Industry, Carol Upadhya https://www.epw.in/journal/2007/20/special-articles/employment-exclusion-and-merit-indian-it-industry.html Divided Cities Cannot Be Smart Cities, Alok Prasanna Kumar & Srijoni Sen https://thewire.in/culture/divided-cities-cannot-be-smart-cities Let’s Talk About Housing Discrimination, Gautam Bhatia https://thewire.in/culture/lets-talk-about-housing-discrimination

Jan 20

47 min 46 sec

Host: Sneha Visakha; Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode; Outro Music: Opheliea’s Blues by Audionautix; In Part 2 of the third episode of The Feminist City podcast series, we speak to Dr. Sarayu Natarajan, Founder, Aapti Institute about their work on women in the platform economy and political participation of women in cities. Some issues we touch upon are: how do women participate in the platform economy, the disproportionate emotional labour women workers shoulder, algorithmic surveillance, gender roles, future of work and finally, engage with questions of political participation and the value of representation. Explore these questions in the Feminist City podcast series, hosted by Sneha Visakha. For background reading, we recommend perusing the links provided below. Readings: Futures of Workers, Shruti Gupta and Dr Sarayu Natarajan https://www.aapti.in/blog/futures-of-workers Covid-19 Calls for Re-Thinking Social Security for India’s Platform Workers, Sneha Visakha https://vidhilegalpolicy.in/blog/covid-19-calls-for-re-thinking-social-security-for-indias-platform-workers/ Towards A Gender Equal Future of Work for Women, Saloni Atal https://tandemresearch.org/publications/towards-a-gender-equal-future-of-work-for-women-a-preliminary-case-study-of-women-in-the-gig-economy-in-india-during-covid-19

Jan 15

34 min 23 sec

Cannabis use and its regulation has been in the news over the past few months. The recent Bollywood drug raids too have reignited the debate on the legalisation of cannabis, considering the high prevalence of its use in India. In the fifth episode of Justify Season 5, Dr Arghya Sengupta discusses with Vidhi researchers Neha Singhal and Naveed Ahmad the extent of cannabis use in India, the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (NDPS), 1985, and the problems with criminalising cannabis use, drawing on Vidhi's research findings in Mumbai. Read Vidhi's study 'Criminalisation Leads To Exploitation: The Mumbai Story No One Knows About' that looks at how the NDPS Act leads to the exploitation of the marginalised: https://vidhilegalpolicy.in/research/criminalisation-leads-to-exploitation-the-mumbai-story-no-one-knows-about/ Watch out for Vidhi's legal quiz, CLATTR, at the end of the episode, and stand a chance to win an Amazon voucher. Write in your answer and feedback on the episode to justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in.

Jan 14

32 min 23 sec

Host: Sneha Visakha; Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode; Outro Music: Opheliea's Blues by Audionautix In Part 1 of the third episode of The Feminist City podcast series, we speak to Dr. Sarayu Natarajan, Founder, Aapti Institute about her work on challenges faced by migrant workers in accessing housing and other basic services in the city. Some issues we touch upon are: how do migrant communities navigate the city, what are the patterns in female migration and what are the specific challenges they face in participating in urban areas, the critical role of public provision of urban infrastructure and services for migrant women, and how the absence of the state providing basic services leads to private markets engaging in exploitative profiteering for access to basic urban infrastructure for vulnerable communities. Explore these questions in the Feminist City podcast series, hosted by Sneha Visakha. For background reading, we recommend perusing the links provided below. Readings: Where and How Are Indian Women Migrating? Economic and Political Weekly https://www.epw.in/engage/article/where-and-how-are-indian-women-migrating-route-map The Invisible Majority - Women form 70 per cent of total internal migrants, but public policy is blind to their concerns The Indian Express https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/the-invisible-majority-women-urban-migrant-workers-5185862/ Women Hold Up Economy Yet Continue To Disappear From Workforce, Namita Bhandare, IndiaSpend https://www.indiaspend.com/womenwork/women-hold-up-the-economy-yet-they-continue-to-disappear-from-workforce-701865?type=xhr&startIndex=3#:~:text=But%20between%202001%20and%202011,58%25%2C%20Mazumdar%20told%20IndiaSpend. Crossroads and Boundaries, Labour Migration, Trafficking and Gender, Indrani Mazumdar and Neetha N, EPW https://www.epw.in/journal/2020/20/review-womens-studies/crossroads-and-boundaries.html Futures of Workers, Shruti Gupta and Dr Sarayu Natarajan https://www.aapti.in/blog/futures-of-workers

Jan 7

28 min 14 sec

Host: Sneha Visakha; Edited by: Resonance Studio; Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode; Outro Music: Opheliea's Blues by Audionautix; Assisted by: Vyshnavi Moola TW - references to women’s unsafety in cities, harassment In Part 2 of the second episode of The Feminist City podcast series, we continue our conversation with Dr. Sneha Annavarapu, Social Sciences Teaching Fellow, University of Chicago about her work on the politics of women’s safety, attitudes to public kissing in Mumbai, gender and class politics in urban India. Some issues we touch upon are: how urban infrastructure and its politics are a deeply feminist issue, the relationship between safety and freedom for women in the city, if the city has space and time for seeking out pleasure or intimacy, and where do the lovers go in the city? Explore these questions in the Feminist City podcast series, hosted by Sneha Visakha. You can read more about our guest, Dr. Sneha Annavarapu and her work, here: https://www.snehanna.com/ For background reading, we recommend perusing the literature provided below. Readings: How to Build a Non-Sexist City, Dolores Hayden https://adlc.hypotheses.org/files/2016/01/Hayden_What-Would-a-Non-Sexist-City-Be-Like-Speculations-on-Housing-Urban-Design-and-Human-work-1980.pdf Risky Choices: Women and Cabs in Hyderabad, Dr. Sneha Annavarapu https://www.publicbooks.org/risky-choices-women-and-cabs-in-hyderabad-india/ Where do all the lovers go? The cultural politics of public kissing in Mumbai, India, Dr. Sneha Annavarapu https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/johs.12205?casa_token=TDCDxW8A0IMAAAAA%3A7-8fGywjV9vM-g038sBGPxaQWqWRkQym8WpyeSVBOlJJdGmGwIoU-KRSNlOGgJvpkMCPsvtgKldYtg ‘Aap Karthe Mere Saath Sex?’ Dr. Sneha Annavarapu http://agentsofishq.com/aap-karthe-mere-saath-sex/ The Karnataka Town and Country Planning Act, 1961 http://dpal.kar.nic.in/pdf_files/11%20of%201963%20(E).pdf Transgender individuals demand safer, gender-neutral bathrooms in India post-Section 377 verdict, FirstPost https://www.firstpost.com/india/transgender-individuals-demand-safer-gender-neutral-bathrooms-in-india-post-section-377-verdict-5414801.html Reshaping the Boundaries of Public and Private Life: Gender, Condominium Development, and the Neoliberalization of Urban Living, Dr. Leslie Kern https://www.researchgate.net/publication/239567466_Reshaping_the_Boundaries_of_Public_and_Private_Life_Gender_Condominium_Development_and_the_Neoliberalization_of_Urban_Living A Feminist Public Restroom, The Safer Sweden Foundation www.mynewsdesk.com/material/docume…source_document Want to get in touch? Email sneha.visakha@vidhilegalpolicy.in

Dec 2020

37 min 24 sec

Host: Sneha Visakha; Edited by: Resonance Studio; Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode; Outro Music: Opheliea's Blues by Audionautix; Assisted by: Vyshnavi Moola TW - references to women’s unsafety in cities, street harassment In Part 1 of the second episode of The Feminist City podcast series, we speak to Dr. Sneha Annavarapu, Social Sciences Teaching Fellow, University of Chicago, about her work on driving, road safety, gender and class relations in urban India. Some questions we engaged with are - Why do we not see more, or any, women driving autos and cabs? Whose experiences are deemed legitimate knowledge to consider for planning cities? What is the role of sociology in planning cities? How do we understand feminism in the context of cities? Explore these questions in the Feminist City podcast series, hosted by Sneha Visakha. For background reading, we recommend perusing the literature provided below. Readings: How to Build a Non-Sexist City, Dolores Hayden https://adlc.hypotheses.org/files/2016/01/Hayden_What-Would-a-Non-Sexist-City-Be-Like-Speculations-on-Housing-Urban-Design-and-Human-work-1980.pdf Risky Choices: Women and Cabs in Hyderabad, Dr. Sneha Annavarapu https://www.publicbooks.org/risky-choices-women-and-cabs-in-hyderabad-india/ Where do all the lovers go? The cultural politics of public kissing in Mumbai, India, Dr. Sneha Annavarapu https://bit.ly/2JkzSRi ‘Aap Karthe Mere Saath Sex?’ Dr. Sneha Annavarapu http://agentsofishq.com/aap-karthe-mere-saath-sex/ The Karnataka Town and Country Planning Act, 1961 http://dpal.kar.nic.in/pdf_files/11%20of%201963%20(E).pdf Transgender individuals demand safer, gender-neutral bathrooms in India post-Section 377 verdict, FirstPost https://www.firstpost.com/india/transgender-individuals-demand-safer-gender-neutral-bathrooms-in-india-post-section-377-verdict-5414801.html A Feminist Public Restroom, The Safer Sweden Foundation http://www.mynewsdesk.com/material/document/94697/download?resource_type=resource_document Want to get in touch? Email sneha.visakha@vidhilegalpolicy.in.

Dec 2020

45 min 30 sec

Big Tech dominance is the talk of the town. But how do hardware markets affect these monopolies? In the first episode of ALTRnative Perspectives, we take a deeper look at the materials that make up emerging technologies, and how the markets for those materials work. With Suthirth Vaidya, co-founder and CEO of Predible, a healthcare AI startup, we tackle the history of semiconductors, contemporary semiconductor markets, and new mergers that will affect the development of AI for a long time. With Anish Radhakrishnan, a journalist with People's Dispatch, we talk about the recent coup in Bolivia, and how Elon Musk's ambitions with lithium may have paved the way for this imperialist aggression. This conversation will take you through an underexplored dimension of new technology's global dominance. ALTRnative Perspectives is a podcast by the Centre for Applied Law and Technology Research, Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy. This first episode has been developed by Jai Vipra.

Dec 2020

37 min 6 sec

In this special musical episode of Justify Season 2, hear through conversation and song from Sambhaji Bhagat on the award-winning feature film 'Court', on Ambedkar and lok shahiri, experiences with the law and justice system, and ruminations on the state of the nation. Bhagat is a Dalit activist and lokshahir who composed the music for 'Court' which takes a deep dive into the operation of India’s police and criminal justice system marked by delays, apathy, and high-handedness. Watch out for Vidhi's legal quiz, CLATTR, at the end of the episode, and stand a chance to win an Amazon voucher. Write in your answer and feedback on the episode to justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in.

Dec 2020

41 min 21 sec

Episode - 1: Introduction to Feminist Urbanism Host: Sneha Visakha; Edited by: Resonance Studios, Bangalore; Intro Music: Wehrmut by Godmode; Outro Music: Opheliea's Blues by Audionautix; TW - Broad references to violence and unsafety in cities In the introductory episode of The Feminist City podcast series, we explore why we should look at cities from a feminist perspective. How is space produced? What produces safety in cities? What is the relationship between safety and urban planning? What is feminist urbanism? What does this approach entail? What do we understand by feminist utopias? For background reading, we recommend perusing some of the literature and videos provided below. Readings Sultana’s Dream, Begum Rokeya Sakhawat, 1905 http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/sultana/dream/dream.html (Highly recommend you read this before listening to the episode!) The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Jane Jacobs http://www.petkovstudio.com/bg/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/The-Death-and-Life-of-Great-American-Cities_Jane-Jacobs-Complete-book.pdf How to Build a Non-Sexist City, Dolores Hayden https://adlc.hypotheses.org/files/2016/01/Hayden_What-Would-a-Non-Sexist-City-Be-Like-Speculations-on-Housing-Urban-Design-and-Human-work-1980.pdf Why Loiter? By Shilpa Phadke, Sameera Khan & Shilpa Ranade https://penguin.co.in/book/why-loiter/, https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/english/currentstudents/undergraduate/modules/globalcityliterature/term2/why_loiter_radical_possibilities_for_ge_1.pdf For our more enthusiastic listeners, The Production of Space, Henri Lefebvre https://myweb.fsu.edu/jjm09f/1%20Final%20Project%20Materials/lefebvreintro.html Reading Law Spatially, Dr. Antonia Layard (on legal geography) (draft paper) http://antonialayard.com/s/Reading-Cases-Spatially.docx Videos What is feminist urbanism? Col·lectiu Punt 6, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dI4TOCPMMBA Why Loiter? Dr. Shilpa Phadke, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nlgGNv5t92A The Feminist City, Dr. Ellie Cosgrave, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rNkB7afesco Gender Perspectives in Urban Planning, Dr. Ana Falú, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sop4fqc2NV8 Want to get in touch? Email sneha.visakha@vidhilegalpolicy.in.

Dec 2020

20 min 54 sec

The growing rift between big tech and free media has often been seen as killing print journalism. What does the future hold for news in India in the times of Facebook domination? Is this a point of no return for print media? In the third episode of Justify Season 2, Dr Arghya Sengupta discusses these questions and the possible reforms with Vidhi's Jai Vipra and Aniruddh Nigam. Watch out for Vidhi's legal quiz, CLATTR, at the end of the episode, and stand a chance to win an Amazon voucher. Write in your answer and feedback on the episode to justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in.

Dec 2020

38 min 8 sec

In the podcast series, The Feminist City, we think about the city, explore our relationships with it and examine exclusions within it from a feminist perspective. In paying attention to the big, small and mundane aspects of urban existence, we hope to centre the everyday lives of women, gender and sexual minorities in critically engaging with the city. This is an attempt to delve into what it means for a city to be built on feminist principles, to cultivate feminist imagination and explore pathways to realise it collectively. In this series, we speak to people who think about cities, are invested in feminist politics, and engage themselves in the never-ending task of imagining and realising equitable cities. This is based out of Bangalore, Karnataka. The Feminist City is hosted by Sneha Visakha, Research Fellow, Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy, Karnataka. Sneha has a background in law and liberal arts, and is interested in cities, feminist politics and strongly believes in (inter)disciplinary convergences. You can write to her at sneha.visakha@vidhilegalpolicy.in or reach out to her at @magicanarchist (Twitter).

Dec 2020

3 min 12 sec

Live reporting of court cases has become a common practice by Indian media today. Reporting from courts can only be a good thing given how little people understand about courts; but what if the reporting itself is inaccurate? How do we balance the fairness of the hearing with the requirement of free reporting and live tweeting?  In the second episode of Justify Season 2, Arghya Sengupta speaks with Karan Tripathi of Live Law, and Apurva Vishwanath of The Indian Express on these topics. Watch out for Vidhi's legal quiz, CLATTR, at the end of the episode, and stand a chance to win an Amazon voucher. Write in your answer and feedback on the episode to justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in. The correct answer for the CLATTR question in the episode 'Free Speech in India' is the phrase 'I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it' in 'Friends of Voltaire' by Evelyn Beatrice Hall. The winner is Lekhashree LK from NIT Durgapur.

Dec 2020

45 min 48 sec

Is speech in India actually free? - In the first episode of Season 2 of Justify, Vidhi's podcast on law and politics in India, Dr Arghya Sengupta discusses this question with Justice Jasti Chelameswar, former Judge, Supreme Court of India, and Tripurdaman Singh, author of 'Sixteen Stormy Days: The Story of the First Amendment to the Constitution of India'. The episode looks at the historical attitude of governments towards free speech and explores whether its restriction through bans, censorship, and criminal cases is a recent phenomenon. Also discussed is India's law on hate speech and whether it is adequate. Watch out for Vidhi's legal quiz, CLATTR, at the end of the episode, and stand a chance to win an Amazon voucher. Write in your answer and feedback on the episode to justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in.

Nov 2020

42 min 56 sec

On the eleventh episode of Justify: The Common Law and Other Things ft. Professor Shivprasad Swaminathan Round Up important cases from February including the Sabarimala reference and a preventive detention case from the J&K High Court [starts at 1:25] Deep Dive into the common law and what noted jurists have had to say about it [starts at 11:16 ] Listen in to a Tete-a-tete with legal philosopher Professor Shivprasad Swaminathan on the nature of the common law. Understand what he means by the proposition that ‘knowing’ the common law is more akin to an aesthetic sense than scientific knowledge [starts at 14:07] As always, write to us at justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in with the answer in our legal quiz CLATTER, and stand a chance to win a thousand rupee Amazon voucher.

Nov 2019

39 min 17 sec

On the tenth episode of Justify: A PIL too far? ft. Anuj Bhuwania Round Up the procedural aspects of the Nirbhaya case. Why have the convicts not been hanged yet? What is the cause of this inordinate delay? [starts at 1:08] Deep Dive into Public Interest Litigation jurisprudence in India. What was the genesis of this novel form of adjudication? Where is it headed? A critical analysis awaits. [starts at 11:28] Listen in to a Tete-a-tete with Anuj Bhuwania, the author of “Courting the People”, the seminal treatise on PILs. The conversation focuses on Mr. Bhuwania’s experiences while writing the book and his opinion on the present status of PILs. [starts at 15:58] As always, write to us at justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in with the answer in our weekly legal quiz CLATTER, and stand a chance to win a thousand rupee Amazon voucher. Last week’s winner was Pankaj Yadav and the right answer was the Gilgit Scouts from Jammu and Kashmir.

Nov 2019

51 min

On the ninth episode of Justify: Blackout - the Kashmir Internet Shutdown judgement. Round Up cases from the last days of January: (i) Desh Raj v Balkishan, where the SC upheld the legality of striking off the right to file a written statement when the litigant causes unexplained and inordinate delays; (ii) KM Singh vs Speaker, Manipur, where the SC directed the Speaker of the Manipur Legislative Assembly to decide pending defection-disqualification applications within 4 weeks; (iii) Hanuman Laxman Aroskar v Union of India, where the SC struck a perfect balance between the development agenda and environment protection, by ensuring a proper Environment Clearance process; and (v) a significant development from the Allahabad High Court, where the State government was directed to furnish data on the number of deaths caused in the anti-CAA protests in the State on 20th December. Deep Dive into the Kashmir Internet Shutdown judgement delivered on January 10. Understand what the court held and why the judgement is seemingly an abdication of the court’s duties. Listen in to a Tete-a-tete with Chintan Chandrachud, the author of “The Cases that India Forgot”. The conversation focuses on the Kashmir Internet Shutdown judgement and brings forward nuanced perspectives on the constitutionality of the government’s actions as well as the propriety of the judgement. As always, write to us at justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in with the answer in our weekly legal quiz CLATTER, and stand a chance to win a thousand rupee Amazon voucher. Last week’s winner was Jeevitha M N, and the correct answer was the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971.

Nov 2019

47 min 30 sec

Republic Day Special! On the eight episode of Justify: Women and the Republic. Round Up important cases from the first few days of January: (i) the underwhelming response from the SC in the Kashmir Internet Shutdown judgement; (ii) the West Bengal Madarsa case, where the SC ruled on the rights of minority education institutions; (iii) Balakrishna Ram v Union of India, where the jurisdiction of the Armed Forces Tribunal was clarified; (iv) National Commission for Protection of Child Rights v Dr. Rajesh Kumar, where the SC highlighted the importance of non-politicization of child rights; and (v) a judgement from the Tripura High Court, where a public servant’s right to attend political rallies was upheld. Deep Dive into Seven Reforms at Seventy - judicial reforms that are necessary 70 years on from the formation of the Constitution. Understand why the phrase ‘higher judiciary’ might not be the most appropriate; why women need more representation at the Bench and why the SC needs to be restructured. Listen in to a Tete-a-tete with former Supreme Court judge, Justice Ruma Pal. Follow her journey - and her experiences as a woman - from Nagpur to Oxford and eventually to the Supreme Court. Also listen in for her opinions of judicial appointments and accountability. As always, write to us at justify@vidhilegalpolicy.in with the answer in our weekly legal quiz CLATTR, and stand a chance to win a thousand rupee Amazon voucher. Last week’s winner was Ramesh KC, and the correct answer was Gina Miller and the Brexit case.

Nov 2019

47 min 30 sec

Listen in for succinct and well-researched perspective on the state of our courts - what they did in 2019, what are the challenges it faces and what is the way forward!

Nov 2019

48 min 56 sec

Justice Gautam Patel joins us for a very special episode this week. Tune in to hear what he means by 'institutional autonomy' and why it is central to liberal democracies. Also, understand why he feels that the judiciary must develop a new standard for judicial review.

Nov 2019

39 min 15 sec

Tune into a conversation between Dr. Arghya Sengupta and Kevin James and Akshat Agarwal, research fellows at Vidhi, as they discuss the legal intricacies of the abrogation of Article 370 and why the eventual judgment by the SC will possibly be the most landmark constitutional law judgment in the last 15 years. Do participate in the legal quiz to win a gift voucher.

Nov 2019

46 min 30 sec

Tune into a conversation between Dr. Arghya Sengupta and Bibek Debroy as they critically analyse the federal structure of India in terms of tax and revenue; and discuss the Centrally Sponsored Scheme, Planning Commission, Seventh Schedule and the possibility of reorganisation of states. Participate in the quiz to win a gift voucher.

Nov 2019

44 min 15 sec

Tune into a conversation between Dr. Arghya Sengupta and Vidhi's Research Fellows Jinaly Dani & Pranay Modi as they discuss the legal aspects of Kashmir's exercise of autonomy. Participate in the quiz to win a gift voucher.

Nov 2019

48 min 30 sec

Tune into an intellectually stimulating conversation between Dr. Arghya Sengupta and former Law Minister Salman Khurshid as they discuss the SC judgement in the Sabarimala Review petition. Do participate in the legal quiz section to win Amazon gift voucher!

Nov 2019

48 min

Tune into a conversation between Dr. Arghya Sengupta and Dr. Aparna Chandra from NLU Delhi as they discuss Ayodhya judgement’s implications on secularism.Does the judgement walk the talk on being secular? What role does the SC see for itself in regulating religion? Does the final order of land for the mosque being allocated away from the disputed site further or derogate from justice, equity and good conscience? Do participate in the legal quiz section to win Amazon gift voucher.

Nov 2019

54 min 10 sec

This podcast is on "Universal Basic Income in Policy and Politics" with Economist, Jayati Ghosh in conversation with Dr. Arghya Sengupta, Research Director, Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy and Dr. Shruti Kapila, University of Cambridge. This episode discusses how Universal Basic Income would put money in the hands of the poor in India's demand-constrained economy and how it is riddled with implementation problems. This podcast is being released in partnership with The Times of India and Centre of South Asian Studies, University of Cambridge.

May 2019

27 min 45 sec

This episode is on "Developing a Transformative Healthcare System for India" with former Secretary to the Government of India and former Chief Secretary, Delhi, Ms. Shailaja Chandra in conversation with Dr. Arghya Sengupta, Research Director, Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy and Dr. Shruti Kapila, University of Cambridge. This episode discusses how on the challenges to building a transformative healthcare system in India and why the government doesn't spend enough on health. This podcast is being released in partnership with The Times of India and Centre of South Asian Studies, University of Cambridge.

May 2019

37 min 10 sec

This podcast is on "Equity and Excellence in Primary Education" with CEO of Pratham Education Foundation, Dr. Rukmini Banerji in conversation with Dr. Arghya Sengupta, Research Director, Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy and Dr. Shruti Kapila, University of Cambridge This episode discusses how our educational curricula should move from a focus on individual excellence to working and learning in groups. This podcast is being released in partnership with The Times of India and Centre of South Asian Studies, University of Cambridge.

May 2019

39 min 42 sec

This podcast is on "Judicial Independence" with Justice B.N. Srikrishna, in conversation with Dr. Arghya Sengupta, Research Director, Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy and Dr.Shruti Kapila, University of Cambridge. This episode discusses judicial accountability and reforms key issues related to the Indian judiciary. This podcast is being released in partnership with The Times of India and Centre of South Asian Studies, University of Cambridge.

May 2019

42 min 36 sec