Carnegie Council Audio Podcast

Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs

Listen to the latest insights from Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs—the world’s catalyst for ethical action. Tune in to hear from leading experts and thinkers from around the world who are tackling the most complex issues today and tomorrow, including the intersection of AI and equality, the governance of climate altering technologies, America’s changing role in the world, and the future of global migration. To learn more, visit our website at

All Episodes

One of the fastest growing—and underreported—subjects in international relations is the rise of private armies. Dr. Sean McFate, Atlantic Council senior fellow and former private military contractor, joins Doorstep co-hosts Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin to discuss his book The New Rules of War and how our current paradigm of warfare is obsolete. With cyberweapons, disinformation, and mercenaries presenting new threats, how can America shore up its defenses and rethink the trillions of dollars spent on defense? Is the risk of inaction creating a new "Middle Ages"? For more on this subject, don't miss Carnegie Council's panel on December 14 at 3pm ET,  "Is Militarization Essential for Security in 2022 and Beyond?" And, for more on this podcast, please go to

Dec 3

45 min 54 sec

It is important to reflect internationally on climate-altering approaches such as Solar Radiation Modification, in case the world is not capable of meeting the mitigation challenge, says Marc Vanheukelen the European External Action Service’s ambassador at large for climate diplomacy during a C2GTalk interview. But these approaches should not become an “alibi for inaction. International governance will be needed, but strategically it is best not to move too quickly, but rather first familiarize smaller groups with these ideas, at the expert level, and then to start moving these ideas gradually up the policy ladder as discussions gain traction. Marc Vanheukelen is "hors classe" adviser and ambassador at large for climate diplomacy at the EU’s External Action Service. From 2015 till 2019 he was the EU ambassador to the World Trade Organisation in Geneva. Prior to his ambassadorial posting, Vanheukelen was director in DG TRADE (European Commission) responsible for sustainable development, economic partnership agreements, and agri-food and fisheries, preceded by his role as head of cabinet for former EU Trade Commissioner Karel de Gucht. He has also served as head of cabinet to the former Belgian minister for foreign affairs. This interview was recorded on May 25, 2021, and is available with interpretation into 中文, Español, and Français. For more, including an edited transcript, please go to C2G's website.

Nov 29

23 min 5 sec

Context matters and without clarity on the impacts that climate-altering approaches will have from different perspectives, it will be difficult to deal with the ethical and governance dimensions, said Youba Sokona during a C2GTalk interview. He highlights the need for research that not only considers the global level, but seeks to understand the national and local levels where people’s lives are impacted. Sokona has over 40 years of experience addressing energy, environment, and sustainable development in Africa and has been at the heart of numerous national and continental initiatives. Professor Sokona was elected vice chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in October 2015. Prior to this, he was co-chair of the IPCC Working Group III on the mitigation of climate change for the Fifth Assessment Report after serving as a lead author since 1990. In addition to these achievements, Professor Sokona has a proven track record of organizational leadership and management, for example, as inaugural coordinator of the African Climate Policy Center and as executive secretary of the Sahara and Sahel Observatory. This interview was recorded on February 24, 2021, and is available with interpretation into 中 文, Español, and Français. For more, including an edited transcript, please go to C2G's website.  

Nov 22

29 min 14 sec

Almost half of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions are associated with the energy used to produce, process, transport, and dispose of the food we eat and the goods we use—multiply this around the world. Waste, from food to plastics, not only affects climate change but also affects people's lives in ways that we don't always consider. Saumya Roy brings these issues to life in her book Castaway Mountain. In this podcast, Roy and Carnegie Council Senior Fellows Tatiana Serafin and Nikolas Gvosdev discuss how Mumbai's forgotten community reflects the massive problem of waste around the world.  For more, please go to

Nov 18

59 min 14 sec

Will AI systems transform the future battlefield so dramatically that it will render existing paradigms and doctrines obsolete, feeding new intense security dilemmas? In this Artificial Intelligence & Equality podcast, Senior Fellow Anja Kaspersen is joined by Kenneth Payne, a King’s College London reader and the author of I, Warbot: The Dawn of Artificially Intelligent Conflict, to discuss the impact of AI systems on military affairs, the nature and character of war and warfare, strategic culture, and geopolitical affairs. Fore more, please go to 

Nov 17

1 hr 14 min

Finding harmony between man and nature is essential as we tackle the climate crisis, said Professor Pan Jiahua in an interview with C2GTalk. In this episode, he explores the concept of ecological civilization, and how carbon dioxide removal and solar radiation modification approaches aimed at altering the climate might be considered in this framework. Pan Jiahua is professor of economics and director at the Institute of Ecocivilization Studies at Beijing University of Technology. He was elected in 2018 as member of the academic board of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. In 2020, he was appointed by the UN secretary-general as one of the 15 members of the Independent Group of Scientists for drafting the Global Sustainable Development Report 2023. Professor Pan is also editor-in-chief of the Chinese Journal of Urban & Environmental Studies, and a member of the China National Expert Panel on Climate Change and the National Foreign Policy Advisory Group, and advisor to the Ministry of Ecology and Environment. He has edited and authored over 300 papers, articles and books in English and Chinese, and was lead author of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Working Group III 3rd, 4th, and 5th Assessment Reports on Mitigation. This interview was recorded on February 25, 2021, and is available with interpretation into 中文, Español, and Français. For more, including an edited transcript, please go to C2G's website.

Nov 15

37 min 45 sec

By 2030, Africa is projected to be home to 60 percent of the world's working-age population. Columbia Journalism School's Professor Howard W. French, author of the recently published Born in Blackness, joins Doorstep co-hosts Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin to explain how this will impact global economies, climate change politics, and U.S.-China relations. French also calls for a reckoning with history that recognizes the importance of Africa in the global conversation. For more on U.S. foreign policy in Africa, check out last year's Doorstep talk with Charles A. Ray,  chair of the Africa Program at Foreign Policy Research Institute and former U.S. ambassador to Zimbabwe and Cambodia. For more, please go to 

Nov 12

43 min 12 sec

Many countries in the ECE region are embracing carbon neutrality recognized as the first milestone towards sustainable energy, with leaders like Canada, Denmark, France, and the United Kingdom, says Olga Algayerova during a C2GTalk interview. She calls for countries to recommit to the future: "We are really running out of time and urgent action is needed." She highlights that UNECE provides a platform for technology-neutral dialogue and are keen to work with C2G to help countries get better informed about new emerging technologies that could play an important role in fighting climate change in the future. Olga Algayerova is the executive secretary of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). Algayerova took office on June 1, 2017. She previously served as permanent representative of Slovakia to the International Organizations in Vienna, Austria (since 2012). She was previously president of the Millennium Development Goals of Slovakia (2010-2012); secretary of state, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2006-2010) and export director at Zentiva International (2004-2006). The 56 countries of the UNECE region span from North America to Europe, the Balkans, the Caucasus and Central Asia. For more, including an edited transcript, please go to C2G's website.

Nov 8

35 min 1 sec

In this episode of the Artificial Intelligence & Equality Initiative podcast, Senior Fellow Anja Kaspersen sits down with Gary Marcus, a cognitive scientist, author, and entrepreneur, to discuss the need for an open and healthy scientific discourse on AI. What we can learn from particle physics and CERN to create an international AI mission to make sure this technology becomes a responsible and ethical public good? For more, please go to

Nov 3

1 hr 18 min

Governance is the key element in any climate-altering approaches being proposed, particularly from the point of view of climate vulnerable nations, says Professor Saleemul Huq in an interview with C2GTalk. His greatest concern is that decisions that have repercussions for the most vulnerable will be taken without them having a chance to take part in the discussion, so it is extremely important that climate vulnerable nations have a say when decisions are taken regarding climate-altering approaches, including carbon dioxide removal and solar radiation modification. Professor Saleemul Huq is the director of the International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD) and chair of the Climate Vulnerable Forum Expert Advisory Group. Huq is an expert on the links between climate change and sustainable development, particularly from the perspective of developing countries. He leads the annual Gobeshona Global Conference, which brings together scholars, policymakers, researchers, and practitioners from around the world to discuss climate change. Huq was the lead author of the chapter on adaptation and sustainable development in the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and was the lead author of the chapter on adaptation and mitigation in the Fourth Assessment Report. His current focus is on supporting the engagement of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This interview was recorded on March 1, 2021, and is also available with interpretation into 中文, Español, and Français. For more, including an edited transcript, please go to C2G's website.

Nov 1

36 min 56 sec

It's election season in the U.S. and around the world. Wilson Center's Francisco de Santibañes joins Doorstep co-hosts Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin to discuss the rise in popular conservatism across Latin America and how new evangelical-church-supported, anti-establishment leaders are changing the conversation and winning elections in Chile, Argentina, and Brazil. De Santibañes connects the dots of right-wing movements around the globe sparked by Donald Trump's election to the U.S. presidency in 2016. For more, please go to 

Oct 28

52 min 3 sec

Governance is a key element in ensuring that nature-based approaches to addressing the climate crisis support ecological functions, are sustainable, and produce co-benefits, says Manuel Pulgar-Vidal during a C2GTalk interview. Ultimately, he stressed, any intervention—whether nature- or technology-based—can only be considered if it is based on a strong commitment to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Manuel Pulgar-Vidal is the leader of the climate and energy practice of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) International. He was formerly the minister of state for environment in Peru and president of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 20th Conference of the Parties (COP20). A lawyer with over 27 years of experience in the field of environmental law and policy, he founded the Peruvian Society for Environmental Law, one of the most recognized organizations of environmental law in the region. In his role as minister of state for environment in Peru, he was responsible for proposing and defining Peru's environmental policies, including those covering biodiversity and climate change. He was also in charge of implementing the country's environmental legislation and its enforcement policies. This interview was recorded on November 17, 2020, and is also available with interpretation into 中文, Español, and Français. For more, including an edited transcript, please go to C2G's website. 

Oct 25

42 min 16 sec

Whether it's rigging elections in Hong Kong, arresting activists in Venezuela, restricting voting access in the U.S., silencing the opposition in Belarus, or censorship in Burma, there can be no doubt that democracy is under assault. For Global Ethics Day, Carnegie Council hosted a panel featuring activists fighting on the frontlines to uphold and strengthen democracy. What can individual citizens do to support democracy? What's the role of international organizations? For more, go to

Oct 21

1 hr 19 min

As the U.S. chief negotiator of the New START treaty, Rose Gottemoeller's new book is an invaluable insider's account of the negotiations between the U.S. and Russian delegations in Geneva in 2009 and 2010 and the crucial discussions between President Barack Obama and President Dmitry Medvedev. In this fascinating talk with Senior Fellows Tatiana Serafin and Nikolas Gvosdev, Gottemoeller reflects on her career, the importance of arms control, and what it was like being the first female deputy secretary general of NATO. For more, please go to 

Oct 19

1 hr

Addressing the global challenge of governing climate-altering approaches through multilateralism is not just possible but necessary, says Ambassador Franz Perrez during a C2GTalk interview. In the end, he says, it is in everyone's best interest to build a common understanding of the potential risks, opportunities, and challenges linked to climate-altering approaches.  Ambassador Franz Perrez is the head of the International Affairs Division at the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN). In this capacity, he is also the Swiss ambassador for the environment and represents Switzerland at all important international negotiations in the area of the environment. This interview was recorded on November 13, 2020, and is also available with interpretation into 中文, Español, and Français. For more, including an edited transcript, please go to C2G's website.

Oct 18

38 min 40 sec

Ahead of the United Nations COP26 Climate Change Summit, Parag Khanna joins "Doorstep" co-hosts Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin to speak about his new book MOVE: The Forces Uprooting Us, and the impact of climate migration on the future "map of humanity." As climate migrants become the greatest percentage of people seeking new opportunities in new places, Khanna discusses the rise of regional self-sufficiency and how governments can become better stewards of natural resources. For more, including a transcript of this talk, please go to

Oct 14

38 min 13 sec

"What does it mean for us to think about these border regions beyond the questions of international security?" asks Suchhitra Vijayan, the author of the new book Midnight's Borders: A People's History of Modern India. In this podcast, Vijayan discusses with host Alex Woodson her 9,000-mile journey through India's borderlands, which formed the basis of the book, and she discusses the violent and continuing history of the 1947 partition, the stark differences and similarities along South Asia's various borders, and what "citizenship" mean in India in 2021 and throughout the world. For more, including a transcript of this talk, please go to 

Oct 13

42 min 56 sec

Young people may not yet have a seat at the decision-making table, but they are influential stakeholders with the power to steer the direction of the climate discourse, said Marie-Claire Graf during a C2GTalk interview. As they work towards getting that seat, they are building capacity, learning and awareness on a range of issues, including the governance of climate-altering approaches. Marie-Claire Graf is one of the Global Focal Points of YOUNGO, the Children and Youth constituency to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. She is a Swiss youth advocate for sustainable development and climate action, and the president of the Swiss Associations of Student Organizations for Sustainability, and vice president at Swiss Youth for Climate. Marie-Claire is a Climate Reality Leader, and co-founder of a crowdsourcing platform startup for aggregated science-based and citizen-science data called C’Square. This interview was recorded on 15 December 2020, and is also available with interpretation into 中文, Español and Français. For more, including an edited transcript, please go to C2G's website.

Oct 11

37 min 16 sec

In this episode of the Artificial Intelligence and Equality Initiative podcast, Senior Fellows Anja Kaspersen and Wendell Wallach are joined by former U.S. Navy pilot Mary “Missy” Cummings, a professor at Duke University, director of the school’s Humans and Autonomy Lab, and a world leading researcher in human-autonomous system collaboration and robotics. The conversation touches upon the maturity of current AI systems applications and key conundrums in AI research to make sure humans are not a design afterthought.   

Oct 8

53 min 20 sec

In this episode of the Artificial Intelligence & Equality Initiative podcast, Senior Fellows Anja Kaspersen and Wendell Wallach are joined by Mona Sloane, senior research scientist and adjunct professor at New York University, and Rumman Chowdhury, Twitter's director of machine learning ethics, transparency and accountability, to discuss their recent online resource The conversation addresses key tension points and narratives impacting how AI systems are procured and embedded in the public sector.

Oct 6

50 min 38 sec

Five years since the Paris Agreement came to fruition, Paul Watkinson talks to C2GTalk to provide some personal reactions, drawing on his long experience of climate action, about what comes next. How and when do we start thinking about the large-scale carbon dioxide removal that may be needed to meet the Paris Agreement goal of limiting warming to well below 1.5°C compared to pre-industrial levels? What multilateral approaches might the world need to govern solar radiation modification? Paul Watkinson has more than 20 years of experience in multilateral negotiations and action on climate and sustainable development issues. He served for many years as chief negotiator of France on international climate change issues. In particular, he was a member of the steering committee of COP21, heading the climate negotiating team and contributing to the development of the Paris Agreement. He was chair of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for 2018 and 2019 and a member of the bureau of the COP for those two years. As such, he worked closely with the other presiding officers to put together the package of decisions adopted in Katowice in December 2018 that constitute the rulebook of the Paris Agreement as well as other decisions and conclusions to implement the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol. He worked closely with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to ensure that the best available science could be used by parties in their work under the UNFCCC and also ensure a closer cooperation in multilateral work to tackle climate change and biodiversity. From 2009 until 2013 he was one of the lead negotiators of the European Union in the multilateral climate negotiations. For more, including an edited transcript, please go to C2G's website. This interview was recorded on November 17, 2020, and is available with interpretation into 中文, Español and Français.

Oct 4

40 min 27 sec

Island peoples may well consider climate-altering approaches, like carbon dioxide removal and solar radiation modification, because of the existential threat posed by climate change, said Ambassador Elizabeth Thompson during a C2GTalk interview. One of the main challenges, in her view, is how to ensure that the most vulnerable will have a seat at the table when these approaches are considered. Ambassador Elizabeth Thompson is the permanent representative of Barbados to the United Nations. She has worked in development policy for nearly 25 years. She served as an elected member of Parliament from 1994 to 2008, and at various times as minister of energy and environment, housing and lands, physical development and planning, and health. Thompson served as assistant secretary-general of the United Nations as one of two executive coordinators at the Rio+20 Conference on Sustainable Development, and engaged in a number of advisory roles within the UN system, including on the transition from the MDGs to the SDGs, in the Office of the UN Secretary General, UNDP, the President of the General Assembly and on the Secretary General’s global energy initiative, Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL). This interview was recorded on November 24, 2020. For more, including an edited transcript, please visit C2G's website.  This interview was recorded on November 24, 2020, and is also available with interpretation into 中文, Español and Français.

Oct 4

36 min 47 sec

The world faces a planetary emergency that requires considering all possible options to tackle it, said Johan Rockström, in a C2GTalk interview. Speaking just before the Climate Ambition Summit in December 2020, he said this was a critical moment to put the world on an irreversible path towards decarbonization, to ensure that any consideration of additional approaches—such as solar radiation modification—would not undermine that essential work. Johan Rockström is director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Professor in Earth System Science at the University of Potsdam. Rockström is an internationally recognized scientist for his work on global sustainability issues. He spearheaded the internationally renowned team of scientists that developed the planetary boundaries framework, which are argued to be fundamental in maintaining a "safe operating space for humanity." Aside from his research helping to guide policy, he acts as an advisor to several governments and business networks, and at noteworthy international meetings, such as the United Nations General Assemblies, World Economic Forums, and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change conferences (UNFCCC). For more, including an edited transcript, please visit C2G's website. This interview was recorded on December 3, 2020, and is also available with interpretation into 中文, Español and Français.

Oct 4

36 min 41 sec

The 76th Session of the United Nations General Assembly ended this week in New York with little fanfare. Yet important global discussions took place in both in-person and virtual meetings. Seton Hall University's School of Diplomacy and International Relations' Dr. Catherine Tinker joins Doorstep co-hosts Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin to discuss what the media missed and how the UN still plays an important role as the "People's House" bringing nations together to solve and be accountable for transnational problems like climate change, migration, and COVID-19.

Sep 30

46 min 58 sec

What can we learn about China's ambitions from studying how its diplomats operate? In his new book "China’s Civilian Army," Bloomberg's Peter Martin draws on memoirs and first-hand reporting in Beijing, to share the untold story of China’s "wolf warriors," its highly disciplined diplomats who have a combative approach to asserting Chinese interests. Martin joins Senior Fellows Tatiana Serafin and Nikolas Gvosdev for a fascinating conversation on China's diplomatic army.

Sep 28

1 hr

Carnegie Climate Governance Initiative’s C2GTalk is a series of one-on-one interviews with influential practitioners and thought leaders, exploring the governance challenges raised by emerging approaches to alter the climate. Discussions touch on a range of ethical, cultural, economic, and political issues, whilst staying grounded in the practical and personal experiences of our guests.  In this introduction to the series, Mark Turner, host of C2GTalk, and Janos Pasztor, executive director of C2G and senior fellow at Carnegie Council, define some climate-altering technologies and discuss the work of C2G. What is carbon dioxide removal and solar radiation modification? How is C2G catalyzing conversations about the governance of these technologies? Check Carnegie Council’s podcast channel every Monday for a new C2GTalk.  For more, visit C2G's website.

Sep 27

10 min 8 sec

Politicé's Emmanuala Douyon and Brooklyn College's Jean Eddy Saint Paul join "Doorstep" co-hosts Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin to discuss lessons learned from Haiti's interconnected history with the U.S. and how these ideas could help the country out of its current political crisis. As the region's first Black republic and with a growing population of U.S. citizens living there, what does Haiti's future look like? How can the U.S. more effectively engage its near neighbors in the Caribbean? 

Sep 15

47 min 43 sec

In the 20 years since the 9/11 attacks, national security decisions have tested the values of American democracy. This panel, hosted by Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal, examines lessons learned from the past two decades of conflict and the role that ethical action must play in helping to provide security while adhering to democratic principles. National security experts N. W. Collins, Sean McFate, and General Joseph Votel share their thoughts on these critical issues.

Sep 9

1 hr 1 min

One year after the global protests in response to the murder of George Floyd, where are we in terms of racial justice? In this podcast, University of Chicago's Adom Getachew looks back on the Carnegie Council/Open Society University Network "Protests in Perspective" series and discusses some early impressions of the Biden administration and details the status of protest movements around the world. Where has progress been made? How can we continue to move these conversations and actions forward?

Sep 7

46 min 22 sec

Doorstep co-hosts Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin are joined by Paul Saunders, president of the Energy Innovation Reform Project, to evaluate Vice President Kamala Harris' recent trip to Singapore and Vietnam and enumerate moves by the U.S. to engage partners in Southeast Asia. What are U.S. regional priorities and how are they related to doorstep issues? How will China and Russia respond to U.S. assertiveness? Join our discussion and send comments to @DoorstepPodcast on Twitter or email us at  

Sep 2

49 min 18 sec

Ali M Latifi, Kabul based journalist for Al Jazeera English and Said Sabir Ibrahimi, non-resident fellow with NYU's Center on International Cooperation join Doorstep co-hosts Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin to discuss what is happening on the ground in Afghanistan today and the expectations for the country's future. Will the promises of a Taliban 2.0 in 2021 differ from the 1990s? Can the country recover economically to meet the needs of a new younger generation? What is the responsibility of the international community? The Doorstep gets behind the scenes of the current media reporting.

Aug 19

49 min

BIMCO shipping analyst Peter Sand joins Carnegie Council Senior Fellows Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin to discuss how the effects of the pandemic on shipping--container shortages, port congestion, demand outstripping supply (from ketchup to semiconductors)--are creating an opportunity for world leaders to re-embrace globalization. Can the Infrastructure Bill proposed by President Biden promote U.S. competitiveness in global trade or will geopolitics and China get in the way?

Aug 5

46 min 16 sec

In this episode of the Artificial Intelligence & Equality Initiative podcast, Senior Fellow Anja Kaspersen is joined by Thunderbird School of Global Management's Nicholas Davis and University of Virginia's Renée Cummings to discuss the impact of AI-based technologies on justice, the rule of law, and law enforcement operations.

Jul 29

55 min 20 sec

In the third podcast in a series on the COVID-19 pandemic and the ethics of global vaccine distribution, FLASCO's Dr. Florencia Luna details the situation in Latin America and the difficulties faced by middle income countries. What can COVAX and vaccine-rich nations do differently in the face of this continuing public health crisis? How can all nations make sure the world is better prepared for the next pandemic?

Jul 27

37 min 15 sec

The U.S.-India relationship is a central part of the Biden-Harris administration focus on the Indo-Pacific region. Ahead of U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken's trip to Delhi next week, Carnegie Council Senior Fellows Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin discuss India's role in the QUAD, vaccine diplomacy, growing bilateral economic ties, and the youth revolution with Dhruva Jaishankar, executive director of Observer Research Foundation America.

Jul 23

40 min 9 sec

In today’s interconnected global village, Iran remains a mystery to much of the rest of the world―especially to those living in the United States and the West. In "The Heartbeat of Iran," Tara Kangarlou takes us on a journey into everyday life in Iran, where we meet the diverse people who make up the country’s delicate socio-cultural, political, and religious mosaic. Kangarlou discusses all this and more with Senior Fellows Tatiana Serafin and Nikolas Gvosdev.

Jul 21

55 min 27 sec

In the second podcast in a series on the COVID-19 pandemic and the the ethics of global vaccine distribution, University of Pennsylvania's Ezekiel Emanuel discusses the positives and negatives of the vaccination campaigns led by the Biden administration and COVAX. With many nations still facing public health emergencies, how can the U.S. effectively and ethically use the vaccine as soft power? What about the Chinese and Russian efforts? How have the pharmaceutical companies approached this effort?

Jul 14

36 min 25 sec

What is China up to in the Middle East? How is its massive Belt and Road infrastructure project affecting U.S. foreign policy and American citizens? Asha Castleberry-Hernandez, senior advisor in the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, discusses all of this, plus vaccine diplomacy, energy, and human rights, as she shares some of the Biden administration's thinking on these major issues with "Doorstep" co-hosts Tatiana Serafin and Nick Gvosdev.

Jul 9

29 min 54 sec

In the latest Artificial Intelligence & Equality Initiative (AIEI) webinar, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Anja Kaspersen speaks with Arizona State's Gary Marchant and Carlos Ignacio Gutierrez about their work on characterizing soft law programs for the governance of AI. Soft law is defined as any program that sets substantive expectations, but is not directly enforceable by government. What is the role of these programs in managing applications and methods of AI?

Jul 7

1 hr 1 min

As we enter the summer of 2021, some nations are seeing vaccination rates of around 50 percent, effectively ending the imminent threat of COVID-19; others are still facing public health emergencies. In this first podcast in a series on global vaccine distribution, Oxford's Professor Cécile Fabre discusses the ethical underpinnings of some of the policy choices designed to handle this inequity. What are the moral responsibilities of vaccine-rich countries to the rest of the world?

Jun 29

40 min 34 sec

ThinkTech is an independent nonprofit association, started by and for students, young technologists, and professionals working to shape the impact of artificial intelligence and other digital technologies on individuals and society. Under the slogan "Think before you code," it serves as a platform to create guidance for the responsible development of technology. In this podcast, Senior Fellow Anja Kaspersen speaks with ThinkTech's Lukas D. Pöhler, Eva Charlotte Mayer, and Agnes Gierulski about their projects.  

Jun 24

31 min 45 sec

Artificial intelligence (AI) will affect the socio-economic development of nations across the globe. Caribbean countries are particularly susceptible because they tend to be labor intensive economies and are therefore at risk of significant economic and social disruption from automation and artificial intelligence. Three experts in this space--Cordel Green, Stacey Russell, and Erica Simmons--discuss these issues and much more.

Jun 22

57 min 55 sec

Cryptocurrencies are dominating headlines with El Salvador recently announcing Bitcoin as the country's legal tender and Biden and Putin discussing ransomware and crypto at their Geneva meeting this week. NYU Stern’s Professor David Yermack joins Carnegie Council Senior Fellows Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin to discuss how an experimental digital currency may change the definition of the nation-state over the next decade. Will we be citizens of the country of Google or Amazon?

Jun 18

38 min 8 sec

What is grand strategy? What differentiates it from normal strategic thought? What, in other words, makes it "grand"? In answering these questions, most scholars have focused on diplomacy and warfare, but the most thorough interpretations consider the bases of peace and security--including gender, race, the environment, and a wide range of cultural, social, political, and economic issues. Oregon State's Christopher McKnight Nichols, editor of "Rethinking American Grand Strategy," joins Senior Fellows Nikolas Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin to discuss these issues and much more.

Jun 15

1 hr

The post-World War II liberal order faces unprecedented upheaval as countries and their leaders retreat from globalism, embrace nationalism, and attack democratic norms. Whether it’s Bolsonaro in Brazil, Orbán in Hungary, or Modi in India—illiberalism is on the rise. Carnegie Council President Joel H. Rosenthal hosts a virtual panel to assess the current threats against democracy; discuss steps to support a revival of democratic values globally; and finally, examine the question: Is democracy an ethical standard?

Jun 9

1 hr 28 min

Advocating for press freedom around the globe has long been a cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy. The Trump administration changed the rules, but what can Biden do to restore the public's faith in the press? "Doorstep" co-hosts Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin speak with Stephen J. Adler, board chair of the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, and Carlos Martínez de la Serna, program director for Committee to Protect Journalists.

Jun 4

41 min

How is the new global digital economy taking form? What are the trade-offs? Who are the stakeholders? How do we build “participatory intelligence”? In this wide-ranging AI & Equality Initiative podcast, Senior Fellow Anja Kaspersen speaks with Carnegie-Uehiro Fellow Wendell Wallach about the history of computational and human ethics and their synergies and conflicts, the growing impact of AI on society, how to make sure that this technology works for everyone, and much more. Wendell Wallach has occupied a unique role in the evolution of AI ethics and shares creative insights on how we ought to tackle the challenges brought to the fore by the bio/digital revolution.

May 26

1 hr 30 min

Sanctions are becoming an increasingly important part of the Biden administration's foreign policy toolkit. Carnegie Council Senior Fellows Nick Gvosdev and Tatiana Serafin discuss their impact and effectiveness, looking at the latest moves vis-à-vis Russia, China, Iran, and more with Center for a New American Security's Rachel Ziemba.

May 21

42 min 56 sec

Susan Sloan is the author of "A Seat at the Table: Women, Diplomacy, and Lessons for the World." With organizations facing challenges of the pandemic, diversifying the workforce, and the spread of fast-paced technology, Sloan discusses why gender diversified leadership, at all levels, redefines how we solve critical problems. How can women be more involved in diplomacy? What skills and knowledge do they bring to the table?

May 13

58 min 16 sec

Jonathan Cristol, author of "The United States and the Taliban before and after 9/11," discusses ethics and the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan in the latest in a series of talks with host Alex Woodson. Is President Biden making the correct choice? What does it mean for the U.S. to end the Afghanistan War "honorably"? What are the prospects for women's rights after the withdrawal?

May 11

48 min 57 sec