On The Metal

Oxide Computer Company

As a part of starting Oxide Computer Company, Bryan Cantrill and Jess Frazelle decided to also create the podcast that they always wanted.

Joined frequently by their boss, Steve Tuck, Bryan and Jess interview incredible guests retelling stories of adventure at the hardware/software interface.

Teaser
Trailer 2 min 39 sec

All Episodes

You can find Ken on Twitter at twitter.com/kenshirriff and his blog righto.com.- Soyuz blog post:    http://www.righto.com/2020/01/inside-digital-clock-from-soyuz.html- IBM System/370: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/370- Amdahl: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amdahl_Corporation- Build Your Own Z80 Computer:    https://books.google.com/books?id=mVQnFgWzX0AC&pg=PA1#v=onepage&q&f=false- Euler: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonhard_Euler- Commodore PET: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_PET- TRS-80 (Trash-80): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TRS-80 https://techland.time.com/2012/08/03/trs-80/- Visual 6502: http://www.visual6502.org/- MOS 6502: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOS_Technology_6502- Metallurgy microscope: https://www.amscope.com/compound-microscopes/metallurgical-microscopes.html- AM2900: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AMD_Am2900- MOS transistor: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOSFET- Cray-1: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cray-1- Intel 4004: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_4004- Datapoint 2200: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datapoint_2200- Intel 8008: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_8008- Endianness: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endianness- TTL chips: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transistor%E2%80%93transistor_logic- Big Endian and Little Endian:    https://chortle.ccsu.edu/AssemblyTutorial/Chapter-15/ass15_3.html- Xerox Alto: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xerox_Alto- Charles Simonyi: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Simonyi- Punched cards: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punched_card- Why did line printers have 132 columns?:    https://retrocomputing.stackexchange.com/questions/7838/why-did-line-printers-have-132-columns- Teletype 33: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teletype_Model_33- Analogue computer: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analog_computer- Analogue computer thread: https://twitter.com/kenshirriff/status/1223675683387265024- Differential analyser: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Differential_analyser- Bitcoin mining on a 1401:    http://www.righto.com/2015/05/bitcoin-mining-on-55-year-old-ibm-1401.html- Mining bitcoin with pencil and paper: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y3dqhixzGVo- Bitcoin mining on a Xerox Alto:    http://www.righto.com/2017/07/bitcoin-mining-on-vintage-xerox-alto.html- Bitcoin mining on the Apollo Guidance computer:    http://www.righto.com/2019/07/bitcoin-mining-on-apollo-guidance.html- Colossus computer: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossus_computer- Accounting machine: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accounting_machine- Memory phosphor: https://www.britannica.com/science/memory-phosphor- Rowhammer: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Row_hammer- Core memory: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetic-core_memory- Williams tube: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Williams_tube- Core rope memory: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Core_rope_memory- Honeywell 800: https://people.cs.clemson.edu/~mark/h800.html- Honeywell 1800: https://www.computerhistory.org/brochures/doc-4372956da1170/    http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/BRL64-h.html#HONEYWELL-1800- SPARC delayed branching:    https://arcb.csc.ncsu.edu/~mueller/codeopt/codeopt00/notes/delaybra.html- IBM 360 Model 50: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360_Model_50- RR Auction: https://www.rrauction.com/

Jan 26

1 hr 20 min

You can find Star on Twitter at https://twitter.com/starsandrobots. Super Munchers: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munchers Metrowerks CodeWarrior: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CodeWarrior RadioShack (RIP): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RadioShack "Marilyn Monroe's World War II Drone Program": https://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/04/upshot/marilyn-monroes-world-war-ii-drone-program.html Radioplane Company: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radioplane_Company Piasecki PA-97: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piasecki_PA-97 TacoCopter: https://tacocopter.com/ TacoCopter on HackerNews: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=3742676 TacoCopter's cameo on Stephen Colbert: http://www.cc.com/video-clips/53yh09/the-colbert-report-thought-for-food---tacocopter Wired on TacoCopter: https://www.wired.com/2012/03/qa-with-tacocopter/ FAA Section 333 (now Section 44807): https://www.faa.gov/uas/advanced_operations/certification/section_44807/ FAA Part 107: https://www.faa.gov/uas/media/part_107_summary.pdf Canidu: http://www.canidu.com/ Boeing 737 MAX: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_737_MAX Road train: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Road_train Checklists: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Checklist United Airlines Channel 9: https://www.flyertalk.com/forum/united-airlines-mileageplus/726789-consolidated-interesting-things-heard-channel-9-thread-merged.html United Airlines ad from 1990: https://www.youtube.com/watch/mU2rpcAABbA TRACON-II PC game: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tracon_II National Transportation Safety Board: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Transportation_Safety_Board ValuJet 592: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ValuJet_Flight_592 Amelia Earhart: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelia_Earhart Skunk Works by Ben Johnson: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/101438.Skunk_Works Lockheed Skunk Works: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skunk_Works Clarence "Kelly" Johnson: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kelly_Johnson_(engineer) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fish_(Unix_shell) Who Owns the Sky?: The Struggle to Control Airspace from the Wright Brothers On by Stuart Banner: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/6402086-who-owns-the-sky Turbulent Skies by T. A. Heppenheimer: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1492469.Turbulent_Skies Hard Landing by Thomas Petzinget: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/438607.Hard_Landing SKYGODS: The Fall of Pan Am by Robert Gandt: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/13010881-skygod Deregulation Knockouts: Round One by Tom Norwood: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/4718255-deregulation-knockouts Convertiplane: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convertiplane The Dream Machine: The Untold History of the Notorious V-22 Osprey by Richard Whittle: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/8008152-the-dream-machine

Jan 18

1 hr 35 min

You can find John on Twitter at [twitter.com/jgrahamc](https://twitter.com/jgrahamc).- Babbage overview and the Difference Engine:    https://www.computerhistory.org/babbage/overview/- Difference Engine No. 2 at the London Science Museum:    https://collection.sciencemuseumgroup.org.uk/objects/co526657/difference-engine-no-2-designed-by-charles-babbage-built-by-science-museum-difference-engine- BBC Micro: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BBC_Micro- Sinclair ZX81: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZX81- BBC Micro Advanced User Guide:    http://stardot.org.uk/mirrors/www.bbcdocs.com/filebase/essentials/BBC%20Microcomputer%20Advanced%20User%20Guide.pdf- Sharp MZ-80K: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharp_MZ- John's TED Talk, The greatest machine that never was: https://www.ted.com/talks/john_graham_cumming_the_greatest_machine_that_never_was- Hilbert's Problems: https://mathworld.wolfram.com/HilbertsProblems.html- Gödel's incompleteness theorems: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/goedel-incompleteness/- The Lovelace–De Morgan mathematical correspondence - A critical re-appraisal: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0315086017300319- The mathematical correspondence of Ada Lovelace and Augustus De Morgan:    https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/2867731.2867738- Douglas Engelbart: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Douglas-Engelbart- "Mother of all demos": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJDv-zdhzMY- John's OSCON talk "Turing's Curse": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hVZxkFAIziA- Design of the RISC-V Instruction Set Architecture:    https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~krste/papers/EECS-2016-1.pdf- Engines of Creation - The Coming Era of Nanotechnology: https://www.amazon.com/Engines-Creation-Nanotechnology-Scientific-Revolution/dp/1872180469/ref=tmm_hrd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=

Jan 11

1 hr 23 min

Some of the highlights of the show include:  Amir Michael's episode: https://oxide.computer/blog/on-the-metal-2-amir-michael/ Jeff Rothschild's episode: https://oxide.computer/blog/on-the-metal-1-jeff-rothschild/ Ron Minnich's episode: https://oxide.computer/blog/on-the-metal-3-ron-minnich/ Dr. Nim: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dr._Nim Turing Tumble: https://www.turingtumble.com Rick Altherr's episode: https://oxide.computer/blog/on-the-metal-7-rick-altherr/ Kenneth Finnegans's episode: https://oxide.computer/blog/on-the-metal-6-kenneth-finnegan/ Tom Lyon's episode: https://oxide.computer/blog/on-the-metal-4-tom-lyon/ Datapoint: The Lost Story of the Texans who Invented the Personal Computer Revolution by Lamont Wood: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/16214216-datapoint Jonathan Blow's episode: https://oxide.computer/blog/on-the-metal-9-jonathan-blow/ Jon Masters's episode: https://oxide.computer/blog/on-the-metal-8-jon-masters/ Jon Masters fiancée learns of his secret cache of old hardware: https://twitter.com/SRobTweets/status/1219314500232310784 Trammell Hudson's episode: https://oxide.computer/blog/on-the-metal-5-trammell-hudson/ Teletype 33: https://trmm.net/Model_ASR33_Teletype Datapoint 3300: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datapoint_3300 The Witness hidden videos: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLkluW5M4MQENLM6WHwhcC30y5ZqRW6FVN The Witness candle video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gDOS4GqMbSA&list=PLkluW5M4MQENLM6WHwhcC30y5ZqRW6FVN&index=5&t=0s Brian Moriarty, "The Secret of Psalm 46": http://ludix.com/moriarty/psalm46.html Trinity: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinity_(video_game) Robert Mustacchi: https://fingolfin.org/blog/20191202/oxide.html Alex Wilson reflects on his and Robert's work on KPTI: https://blog.cooperi.net/a-long-two-months Windows NT on MIPS: https://gunkies.org/wiki/Installing_Windows_NT_4.0_on_Qemu(MIPS)

Feb 2020

41 min 14 sec

You can find Jonathan on Twitter at https://twitter.com/Jonathan_Blow.Some of the highlights of the show include:  The Witness: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Witness_(2016_video_game) Prince of Persia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_of_Persia_(1989_video_game) Prince of Persia source code: https://github.com/jmechner/Prince-of-Persia-Apple-II Sprite: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sprite_(computer_graphics) Atari 800: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atari_8-bit_family Atari CTIA (chip performing, among many other things, collision detection for the Atari 800): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CTIA_and_GTIA Commodore 64: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commodore_64 VIC-II (CTIA-equivalent chip found in the C64): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOS_Technology_VIC-II Skeletal animation: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skeletal_animation GPGPU: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General-purpose_computing_on_graphics_processing_units GeForce 2080 Ti: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GeForce_20_series Cell microprocessor: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cell_(microprocessor) Dennard scaling: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dennard_scaling Amdahl's Law: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amdahl%27s_law Embarrassingly parallel: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embarrassingly_parallel Client-side prediction: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Client-side_prediction Particle system: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Particle_system Minecraft: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minecraft Red Dead Redemption 2: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Dead_Redemption_2 Rewinding time to address lag: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lag#Rewind_time Chronostasis (the illusion of time standing still after eye movement): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronostasis Counter-strike: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Counter-Strike  SimCity: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SimCity Trinity: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinity_(video_game) Brian Moriarty: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Moriarty Infocom: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infocom Lost Treasures of Infocom: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lost_Treasures_of_Infocom Netrek: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netrek Apollo Computer: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_Computer Silicon Graphics (SGI): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silicon_Graphics Time Warner's "Full Service Network" (SGI Orlando project): https://www.nytimes.com/1994/12/12/business/time-warner-s-time-machine-for-future-video.html Netscape Communications: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netscape Doom: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doom_(1993_video_game) Wolfenstein 3D: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfenstein_3D Ultima series: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultima_(series) SGI engineers transferred to Nvidia, ca. 1999: https://www.eetimes.com/sgi-graphics-team-moves-to-nvidia/ Quake: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quake_(video_game) Quake source code: https://github.com/id-Software/Quake John Carmack: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Carmack Michael Abrash: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Abrash Total Entertainment Network: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Total_Entertainment_Network boo.com: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boo.com Braid: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braid_(video_game) SIMD: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SIMD Pentium U-pipe and V-pipe: https://en.wikichip.org/w/index.php?title=File:24281603.pdf&page=8 Data-oriented design: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data-oriented_design Jonathan's rant on Rust: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4t1K66dMhWk  Catherine West's closing keynote at RustConf 2018: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aKLntZcp27M JAI language: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Blow#JAI_language "Worse is better" and the "MIT approach": https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worse_is_better Smart pointer: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_pointer D language: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D_(programming_language) Entity-component-system: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entity_component_system Jonathan's talk "Preventing the Collapse of Civilization": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pW-SOdj4Kkk Tcl: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tcl Dropbox's Python 2 to Python 3 migration: https://blogs.dropbox.com/tech/2018/09/how-we-rolled-out-one-of-the-largest-python-3-migrations-ever/ Resource acquisition is initialization (RAII): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resource_acquisition_is_initialization Microkernels: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microkernel Anders Hejlsberg: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anders_Hejlsberg Dynamic linking: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dynamic_linker Hygienic macros: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hygienic_macro DWARF: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DWARF Unix philosophy: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix_philosophy

Jan 2020

2 hr 51 min

You can find Jon on Twitter at https://twitter.com/jonmasters.Some of the highlights of the show include: "Negative Result: Reading Kernel Memory From User Mode" (blog post from July 2017): https://cyber.wtf/2017/07/28/negative-result-reading-kernel-memory-from-user-mode/ Spectre: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spectre_(security_vulnerability) Meltdown: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meltdown_(security_vulnerability) Speculative execution: https://www.extremetech.com/computing/261792-what-is-speculative-execution ICL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Computers_Limited Hacker News front page, January 1st, 2018: https://news.ycombinator.com/front?day=2018-01-01 Boogie Nights, the death of Little Bill: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JFX-qfYbHKg BBC Micro 6502: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BBC_Micro BBC Master: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BBC_Master Storage Wars: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storage_Wars PA-8000: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PA-8000 SPARCbook 3000ST: https://blog.adafruit.com/2019/04/01/sparcbook-3000st-the-coolest-90s-laptop-sparc-vintagecomputing-retrocomputing-eckmeister/ Itanium: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Itanium McKinley: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_Itanium_microprocessors#McKinley_(180_nm) Leon Czolgosz: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leon_Czolgosz Humartia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamartia Transmeta: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmeta Transmeta Crusoe: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmeta_Crusoe Richard (Dick) Sites: https://sites.google.com/site/dicksites/ Dick Sites, "It's the Memory, Stupid!": http://cva.stanford.edu/classes/cs99s/papers/architects_look_to_future.pdf John Crawford: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Crawford_(engineer) John Hennessy: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_L._Hennessy Kernel page-table isolation: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kernel_page-table_isolation Hot Chips 30 keynote: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5XzVF0sAZo Panel at Hot Chips 30 keynote: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5XzVF0sAZo#t=1h17m The Omega Directive: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Omega_Directive L1TF: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreshadow_(security_vulnerability) iDRACula: https://www.servethehome.com/idracula-vulnerability-impacts-millions-of-legacy-dell-emc-servers/ MDS, including Zombieload and RIDL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microarchitectural_Data_Sampling Heartbleed: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heartbleed Lazy FPU: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lazy_FP_state_restore Pentium FDIV bug: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentium_FDIV_bug Pentium F00F bug: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentium_F00F_bug Hyper-threading: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyper-threading Acorn Archimedes: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acorn_Archimedes Acorn RISC machine: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture RISC-V: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RISC-V ARM Thumb: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#Thumb ARMv8: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARM_architecture#ARMv8-A Chris Celio et al., "Avoiding ISA Bloat with Macro-Op Fusion for RISC-V": https://arxiv.org/abs/1607.02318 Chris Celio, "ISA Shootout": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ii_pEXKKYUg BeagleBoard: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BeagleBoard ARM Ares: https://en.wikichip.org/wiki/arm_holdings/microarchitectures/neoverse_n1 SeaMicro: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SeaMicro Calxeda: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calxeda AppliedMicro X-Gene: https://en.wikichip.org/wiki/apm/x-gene UEFI: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unified_Extensible_Firmware_Interface Broadcom Vulcan: https://en.wikichip.org/wiki/cavium/microarchitectures/vulcan Savaged by Systemd: An Erotic Unix Encounter by Michael Warren Lucas: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/36190710-savaged-by-systemd Coreboot kexec'ing Linux: https://twitter.com/hugelgupf/status/1158466881373630464 IOMMU: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Input%E2%80%93output_memory_management_unit Slackware: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slackware U-boot: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Das_U-Boot TianoCore: https://www.tianocore.org/ NUVIA: https://nuviainc.com/ Gordon Moore, "Cramming more components onto integrated circuits": http://cmore.soest.hawaii.edu/summercourse/2014/documents/Karl_05-27/Moore_1965.pdf International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Technology_Roadmap_for_Semiconductors Andy "Krazy" Glew: http://blog.andy.glew.ca/ Cannon Lake: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannon_Lake_(microarchitecture) Theodore Wright, "Factors Affecting the Cost of Airplanes": http://www.uvm.edu/pdodds/research/papers/others/1936/wright1936a.pdf Wright's Law vs. Moore's Law: https://ark-invest.com/research/wrights-law-2 Nano-RAM (carbon nanotube-based memory): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nano-RAM Phase-change memory: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phase-change_memory Green500 list for November 2019: https://www.top500.org/green500/lists/2019/11/ Gen-Z consortium: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gen-Z Quantum blockchain: https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.05979 USB frame relay adapter: https://www.advancedrelay.com/downloads/pxsuoverview.pdf John von Neumann: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_von_Neumann Von Neumann architecture: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Von_Neumann_architecture

Jan 2020

1 hr 39 min

You can find Rick on Twitter at https://twitter.com/kc8apf and read his blog at https://www.kc8apf.net/.Some of the highlights of the show include: USBAnywhere: https://eclypsium.com/2019/09/03/usbanywhere-bmc-vulnerability-opens-servers-to-remote-attack/ Rick's talk at OSFC: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QrcdHHsfaKQ OpenBMC: https://github.com/openbmc/openbmc https://lwn.net/Articles/683320/ Wireshark: https://www.wireshark.org/ https://github.com/wireshark/wireshark Ghidra: https://www.nsa.gov/resources/everyone/ghidra/ https://ghidra-sre.org/ https://github.com/NationalSecurityAgency/ghidra ASPEED: https://www.aspeedtech.com/products.php?fPath=20&rId=440 Nuvoton: https://www.nuvoton.com/products/cloud-computing/ibmc/?__locale=en CRAY 1: http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/cray/CRAY-1/2240004C_CRAY-1_Hardware_Reference_Nov77.pdf https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cray-1 Deutsches Museum: https://www.deutsches-museum.de/en/exhibitions/communication/computers/ Seymour Cray: https://www.cray.com/company/history/seymour-cray https://www.britannica.com/biography/Seymour-R-Cray CDC 6600: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CDC_6600 https://conservancy.umn.edu/handle/11299/104327 Alpha Station: https://web.archive.org/web/20060701073452/http://h18002.www1.hp.com/alphaserver/workstations.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AlphaStation Tru64: https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en#!original/bit.listserv.esl-l/BovGe3q9yWE/cqlcCYfxmbAJ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tru64_UNIX Windows NT: https://web.archive.org/web/20040610122846/http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/features/1998/winntfs.asp https://web.archive.org/web/20020503172231/http://www.win2000mag.com/Articles/Print.cfm?ArticleID=4494 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_NT Windows NT on Mips: https://gunkies.org/wiki/Installing_Windows_NT_4.0_on_Qemu(MIPS) Palo Alto Goodwill: https://goodwillsv.org/store/palo-alto-store/ SGI: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silicon_Graphics https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SGI_Visual_Workstation Cray 1 on ebay: https://www.theregister.co.uk/2010/05/24/cray_1_gate_module_ebay/ root calvin: https://www.dell.com/support/article/us/en/04/sln306783/dell-poweredge-what-is-the-default-username-and-password-for-idrac?lang=en https://www.reddit.com/r/sysadmin/comments/2wem6s/is_there_any_story_or_history_behind_rootcalvin/ Redfish: https://www.dmtf.org/standards/redfish https://redfish.dmtf.org/ iKVM: https://www.ikvm.net/ http://www.ikvm.net/userguide/intro.html IPMI: https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/products/docs/servers/ipmi/ipmi-home.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intelligent_Platform_Management_Interface I2C: https://i2c.info/ Non maskable interrupt: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-maskable_interrupt Read and write heads: https://www.computerhistory.org/storageengine/thin-film-heads-introduced-for-large-disks/ https://www.tomshardware.com/reviews/hard-drive-magnetic-storage-hdd,3005-2.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disk_read-and-write_head Fly height: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_height http://maeresearch.ucsd.edu/callafon/publications/2011/UweIEEETonM.pdf The legend of the walking drives: http://catb.org/jargon/html/W/walking-drives.html http://msgboard.snopes.com/cgi-bin/ultimatebb.cgi?ubb=get_topic;f=103;t=000500;p=1 Open Source Firmware Conference: https://osfc.io/ Coreboot: https://www.coreboot.org/ ChromeOS Firmware: https://www.chromium.org/chromium-os/developer-information-for-chrome-os-devices/custom-firmware EDK II: https://github.com/tianocore/edk2 Open Compute Project: https://www.opencompute.org/ Width of a Horse's butt: http://www.naute.com/stories/rail.phtml

Jan 2020

57 min 58 sec

You can find Kenneth on Twitter at https://twitter.com/KWF and read his blog at https://blog.thelifeofkenneth.com/.  You can follow the Fremont Cabal Internet Exchange at https://twitter.com/FremontCabalIX.Some of the highlights of the show include:  Gallium arsenide: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gallium_arsenide Lam Research: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lam_Research Applied Materials: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Applied_Materials Tokyo Electron Limited (TEL): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokyo_Electron Tier 2 network: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tier_2_network Hurricane Electric: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Electric Autonomous system: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_system_(Internet) Border Gateway Protocol: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Border_Gateway_Protocol ASN 7034: https://peeringdb.com/asn/7034 "Creating an Autonomous System for Fun and Profit": https://blog.thelifeofkenneth.com/2017/11/creating-autonomous-system-for-fun-and.html Internet exchange point: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_exchange_point Fremont Cabal Internet Exchange: https://fcix.net/ https://twitter.com/FremontCabalIX Small form-factor pluggable transceiver (SFP): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_form-factor_pluggable_transceiver Content delivery network: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Content_delivery_network Google Global Cache: https://support.google.com/interconnect/answer/9058809?hl=en Google Global Cache node install guide: https://www.gstatic.com/isp/docs/ggc-installation.pdf Comcast/Netflix dispute: https://qz.com/256586/the-inside-story-of-how-netflix-came-to-pay-comcast-for-internet-traffic/ Internet outage involving Allegheny Technologies: https://blog.cloudflare.com/how-verizon-and-a-bgp-optimizer-knocked-large-parts-of-the-internet-offline-today/ DNS root servers: https://www.iana.org/domains/root/servers M-ROOT DNS server: https://www.peeringdb.com/net/825 BGP Design and Implementation: https://amzn.to/2NE3SXl Norton Internet Peering Playbook: https://amzn.to/2QRkHA0

Jan 2020

1 hr 5 min

You can find Trammell on Twitter at https://twitter.com/qrs, his blog at https://trmm.net/, and his GitHub at https://github.com/osresearch.Some of the highlights of the show include: Sandia National Labs: https://www.sandia.gov/ Intel Paragon: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_Paragon OSF/1: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OSF/1 Intel i860: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_i860 Intel Pentium Pro: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentium_Pro Red Storm: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Storm_(computing) RISC architecture is going to change everything: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RL9yCWv7NS0&feature=emb_title Message passing interface (MPI): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Message_Passing_Interface System management mode (SMM): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_Management_Mode Modchips of the State: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C7H3V7tkxeA Modchips: https://trmm.net/modchips Bloomberg Supermicro story: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2018-10-04/the-big-hack-how-china-used-a-tiny-chip-to-infiltrate-america-s-top-companies SPI flash reader: https://trmm.net/SPI_flash spispy flash emulator: https://github.com/osresearch/spisp https://trmm.net/Spispy ChromeOS firmware: https://chromium.googlesource.com/chromiumos/platform/firmware/+/e295ff701af589df9eae9f4549792700c4cbe1f3/README.md https://www.chromium.org/chromium-os/developer-information-for-chrome-os-devices/custom-firmware Trusted Platform Module (TPM): https://trustedcomputinggroup.org/work-groups/trusted-platform-module/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trusted_Platform_Module UEFI "Chain of Trust": https://uefi.org/sites/default/files/resources/UEFI%20Forum%20White%20Paper%20-%20Chain%20of%20Trust%20Introduction_Final.pdf Evil Maid Attack: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evil_maid_attack https://trmm.net/Thunderstrike_FAQ#Does_anyone_actually_use_evil-maid_attacks.3F TPMGenie: https://github.com/nccgroup/TPMGenie Google's Titan Chip: https://2018.osfc.io/uploads/talk/paper/7/gsc_copy.pdf https://trmm.net/OSFC_2018_Security_keynote Open Source Firmware Conference (OSFC): https://osfc.io/ LinuxBIOS: https://www.linuxjournal.com/article/4888 https://www.coreboot.org/ LinuxBoot: https://www.linuxboot.org/ Open Compute Project (OCP): https://www.opencompute.org/ Bunnie's Laptop: https://www.bunniestudios.com/blog/?p=2686 Open Titan: https://opentitan.org/ iCE40 FPGA: http://www.latticesemi.com/iCE40 iCEBreaker FPGA: https://www.crowdsupply.com/1bitsquared/icebreaker-fpga Project Trellis: https://github.com/SymbiFlow/prjtrellis nextpnr: https://github.com/YosysHQ/nextpnr yosys: https://github.com/YosysHQ/yosys UPduino v2.0 FPGA: https://www.tindie.com/products/tinyvision_ai/upduino-v21-low-cost-fpga-board/ ULX3S FPGA: https://www.crowdsupply.com/radiona/ulx3s PiDP-11: https://obsolescence.wixsite.com/obsolescence/pidp-11 PiDP-8: https://obsolescence.wixsite.com/obsolescence/pidp-8 Trammell's PDP-11 prject: https://trmm.net/PDP-11 Digitized Monkey Brains (PDP-11 post): https://www.nycresistor.com/2014/05/15/pdp-11/ Model ASR33 Teletype: https://trmm.net/Model_ASR33_Teletype All of Trammell's Retrocomputing posts: https://trmm.net/Category:Retrocomputing Baud rate: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baud Mac SE Easter Egg: https://trmm.net/Mac-SE_Easter_Egg Zigbee: https://trmm.net/Ikea https://zigbeealliance.org/ Magic Lantern firmware: https://trmm.net/Magic_Lantern_firmware Home Assistant (Open Source): https://www.home-assistant.io/ https://github.com/home-assistant/home-assistant Node-RED: https://flows.nodered.org/ MicroPython: https://micropython.org/ https://github.com/micropython/micropython Mirai Webcam Vulnerability: https://www.wired.com/2016/12/botnet-broke-internet-isnt-going-away/ Trammell's research on Bootguard: https://trmm.net/Bootguard Rust on the Teensy: https://branan.github.io/teensy/ Oreboot: https://github.com/oreboot/oreboot https://osfc.io/talks/oreboot

Dec 2019

1 hr 17 min

You can find Tom on Twitter at https://twitter.com/aka_pugs and find his blog at https://akapugs.blog/. You can learn more about DriveScale at https://drivescale.com/.Tom brought us a present: an IBM 360-era "Ready" button!Some of the highlights of the show include: Williams tube (CRT-based memory): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Williams_tube Mercury delay lines: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delay_line_memory Datapoint: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datapoint Datapoint: The Lost Story of the Texans who Invented the Personal Computer Revolution by Lamont Wood: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/16214216-datapoint ARCNET: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARCNET AppleTalk: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AppleTalk Z8530 UART: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zilog_SCC Apple LaserWriter: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LaserWriter DECnet: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DECnet X.25: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X.25 Tom's notes from the NFS offsite in 1983: https://twitter.com/aka_pugs/status/985941297327366144 Automounter: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Automounter CAP theorem: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CAP_theorem Sun's Network Disk (nd) protocol: https://github.com/senjan/ndd/blob/master/nd_pkt.h (if you find nd(4P) from the SunOS 3.x man pages, let us know!) The Internet Collapse of 1986: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_congestion#Congestive_collapse Larry Roberts: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Roberts_(scientist) Telenet: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telenet Tandem Computers: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tandem_Computers Token ring: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Token_ring Ipsilon Networks: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ipsilon_Networks FDDI: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiber_Distributed_Data_Interface Crescendo Communications: https://books.google.com/books?id=PDsEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA44&lpg=PA44 CDC 3400: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CDC_3000_series Ones' Complement: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ones%27_complement IBM 1130: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_1130 Olivetti Programma 101: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Programma_101 TI-83: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TI-83_series HP 48G: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HP_48_series HP-35: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HP-35 ed(1): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ed_(text_editor) IBM System/370: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/370 APL\360: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/APL_(programming_language)#APL%5C360 IBM 2741 with APL keyboard: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_2741#/media/File:IBM2741.JPG VM/370: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VM_(operating_system) Unibus: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unibus Interdata: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interdata Greg Chesson: https://grainger.illinois.edu/alumni/distinguished/7939 Joe Ossanna: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Ossanna nroff: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nroff IBM 1403: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_1403 Amdahl UTS: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amdahl_UTS IBM 3270 terminal: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_3270 Dick Lyon: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_F._Lyon MAXC, PARC's PDP-10 clone: http://www.digibarn.com/collections/parts/maxc-board/index.html Berkeley Computer Corporation: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Genie Bob Lyon: https://www.facebook.com/bob.lyon.98 Optical mouse: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_mouse The Oxide garage Sun art work of mysterious origin (a Sun-3/160, perhaps?): https://oxide.computer/img/garage-sun.jpg Steve Kirsch: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Kirsch Dick Lyon's (color!) technical report on the optical mouse: http://www.dicklyon.com/tech/OMouse/OpticalMouse-Lyon.pdf Ipsilon: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ipsilon_Networks ATM: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asynchronous_transfer_mode Andy Bechtolsheim on "Death to ATM" (July 1996): https://web.archive.org/web/20001217105700/https://www.redherring.com/mag/issue33/atm.html Tom's original announcement of VFIO: https://lwn.net/Articles/391459/ Open Source Firmware Conference: https://osfc.io/archive

Dec 2019

1 hr 48 min

Some of the highlights of the show include:  Netboot - Sun Microsystems: https://www.netbsd.org/docs/network/netboot/intro.sun.html https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Sparc/Netboot/de PCI - self defining hardware: https://www.pcisecuritystandards.org/pdfs/pci_ssc_quick_guide.pdf Dip switches and jumpers: https://www.oreilly.com/library/view/pc-hardware-in/059600513X/ch02s03s05.html VA Linux cluster: https://itsfoss.com/story-of-va-linux/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geeknet Intel L440 motherboard: https://www.ebay.com/c/1079625591 Autoexec.bat: https://www.computerhope.com/jargon/a/autoexec.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AUTOEXEC.BAT  LinuxBIOS: https://www.linuxjournal.com/article/4888 https://doc.coreboot.org/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coreboot DRAM training code (DDR): https://blog.asset-intertech.com/test_data_out/2014/11/memory-training-testing-and-margining.html https://github.com/librecore-org/librecore/wiki/Understanding-DDR-Memory-Training Eric Biederman: https://www.linuxjournal.com/article/4888 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux_namespaces Open Source Firmware Conference: https://osfc.io  Buildroot: https://buildroot.org/ Source code for cat: https://twobithistory.org/2018/11/12/cat.html https://github.com/coreutils/coreutils/blob/master/src/cat.c whereis command: https://linux.die.net/man/1/whereis Gentoo: https://www.gentoo.org/ ChromeOS project & source code: https://www.chromium.org/chromium-os https://opensource.google/projects/chromium-os https://chromium.googlesource.com/ Gentoo USE flags: https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/USE_flag Gentoo compiling GCC meme: https://twitter.com/mrtazz/status/674319383951446016 Rust LLVM: https://rust-lang.github.io/rustc-guide/codegen/updating-llvm.html https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/tree/master/src/rustllvm Ken Thompson’s C compiler in plan9: http://doc.cat-v.org/bell_labs/new_c_compilers/ Reflections on Trusting Trust paper: https://www.cs.cmu.edu/~rdriley/487/papers/Thompson_1984_ReflectionsonTrustingTrust.pdf 1145 computer Relay computers: http://relaysbc.sourceforge.net/history.html HP 2100: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HP_2100 https://www.hpmuseum.net/exhibit.php?class=3&cat=31 SR33 paper tape punch in reader: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teletype_Model_33 Dr. Nim: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dr._Nim Think-a-Dot: https://www.jaapsch.net/puzzles/thinkadot.htm E.S.R Inc: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.S.R.,_Inc. Digi-Comp: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digi-Comp_II Turning Tumble (modern day Dr. Nim): https://www.turingtumble.com/ ILLIAC: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ILLIAC  Geniac: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geniac Edmund Berkeley: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Berkeley Artist in France made a digital clock where the flip flops are LEDs Quantum Supremacy: https://ai.googleblog.com/2019/10/quantum-supremacy-using-programmable.html Stored-program computer: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stored-program_computer ACPI: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Configuration_and_Power_Interface Plan9: https://9p.io/plan9/ http://doc.cat-v.org/plan_9/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plan_9_from_Bell_Labs Microservices revolution: https://www.infoq.com/articles/microservices-revolution/ Unix synthetic filesystem: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synthetic_file_system http://9p.cat-v.org/ http://man.cat-v.org/unix_8th/4/proc /dev/tcp Rob Pike talk on how to go wrong with naming: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5kj5ApnhPAE Los Alamos Q cluster: https://www.networkworld.com/article/2338572/los-alamos-builds-largest-infiniband-cluster.html VPROC: https://books.google.com/books?id=sr71_M6r3cAC&pg=PA567&lpg=PA567&dq=Vproc&source=bl&ots=Od936MFpvu&sig=ACfU3U3XSlMkeII4fMtpN3QOCRaOkSZJzw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjI3d_ZpLnmAhWVoJ4KHQTRD0cQ6AEwCXoECAoQAQ#v=onepage&q=Vproc&f=false InfiniBand: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/InfiniBand Broadcom SDK > 14 million lines of code: https://www.broadcom.com/products/pcie-switches-bridges/software-dev-kit Ignition firmware intel ½ megabite: https://edk2.groups.io/g/devel/message/50920 https://hardenedlinux.github.io/firmware/2016/11/17/neutralize_ME_firmware_on_sandybridge_and_ivybridge.html American Megatrends (AMI): https://ami.com/en/ Intel Open Source Technology Summit: https://01.org/blogs/imad/2019/intel-open-source-technology-summit-osts-highlights System76: https://github.com/system76/firmware-open https://system76.com/ Purism: https://puri.sm/ Chromebook virtualization: https://chromium.googlesource.com/chromiumos/docs/+/8c8ac04aed5d45bb6a14605c422dbbd01eeadf15/containers_and_vms.md webboot: https://github.com/u-root/webboot Joanna Rutkowska Qubes: https://www.qubes-os.org/ Open Compute Project Incubation Committee: https://www.opencompute.org/about/ocp-incubation-committee ITRenew: https://www.itrenew.com/ Boot Guard: https://github.com/corna/me_cleaner/wiki/Intel-Boot-Guard Circular economy: https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/circular-economy/concept UEFI and RISC-V: https://riscv.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Tues1415-RISC-V-and-UEFI.pdf Jess’ ACM Queue Article on Open Firmware: https://queue.acm.org/detail.cfm?id=3349301 Up-board: https://up-board.org/ RISC-V opensbi: https://github.com/riscv/opensbi RISC-V lessons learned from other architecture sets: https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~krste/papers/EECS-2016-1.pdf oreboot: https://github.com/oreboot/oreboot HiFive Unleashed: https://www.sifive.com/boards/hifive-unleashed OpenTitan: https://opentitan.org/ Bug in rust atomics rv32 imc: https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/66240 RISC-V M-mode: https://content.riscv.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/Tue0942-riscv-hypervisor-waterman.pdf SciFive processors: https://www.sifive.com/ ACPI consortium code: https://www.coreboot.org/ACPI

Dec 2019

1 hr 32 min

You can find Amir on Facebook at https://facebook.com/amir and on Twitter at https://twitter.com/digiamir.Some of the highlights of the show include:  Silcon wafers: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wafer_(electronics) The "Turbo button": https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turbo_button BBSs: https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/11/the-lost-civilization-of-dial-up-bulletin-board-systems/506465/ Turbo Pascal: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turbo_Pascal Anders Hejlsberg: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anders_Hejlsberg UCSB's Basic Undergraduate RISC Processor (BURP): https://www.ece.ucsb.edu/~strukov/ece152BSpring2012/Labs/Lab2.pdf Thermal grease: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermal_grease "The Datacenter as Computer: Designing Warehouse-Scale Machines" https://www.morganclaypool.com/doi/pdf/10.2200/S00874ED3V01Y201809CAC046 Sun Modular Data Center, née Project Blackbox: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun_Modular_Datacenter Google Modular Data Center: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Modular_Data_Center SPD: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serial_presence_detect DRAM training: https://www.systemverilog.io/ddr4-initialization-and-calibration Origins of 19" rack: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/19-inch_rack#Overview_and_history Open Compute Project: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Compute_Project Facebook Wedge switch: https://engineering.fb.com/data-center-engineering/facebook-open-switching-system-fboss-and-wedge-in-the-open/ Backblaze drive reports: https://www.backblaze.com/blog/backblaze-hard-drive-stats-q1-2019/ Busbar: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Busbar

Dec 2019

1 hr 44 min

Some of the highlights of the show include:  Dis-assembling MS-DOS on an IBM PC: https://github.com/microsoft/ms-dos https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MS-DOS PC Interface: allowing a MS-DOS program to use a unix host as its remote filesystem AT&T 3B2 Machine: http://www.unixwiz.net/3b2.html http://bitsavers.trailing-edge.com/pdf/westernElectric/3b20s/234-301-910WE_3B20S_System_Index_and_Description_Jul81.pdf https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3B_series_computers 32-bit Sigma 7 Machine: http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/sds/sigma/sigma7/900950J_Sigma7_RefMan_Oct73.pdf https://www.andrews.edu/~calkins/profess/SDSigma7.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SDS_Sigma_series  Teletype 110: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teletype_Corporation PDP-10: http://www.bitsavers.org/www.computer.museum.uq.edu.au/pdf/DEC-10-HMAA-D%20PDP-10%20KA10%20Central%20Processor%20Maintenance%20Manual%20Volume%2

Dec 2019

1 hr 28 min

Welcome to our new podcast, On the Metal! As a part of starting Oxide Computer Company, we decided to also create the podcast we always wanted. It’s unapologetically technical and as Jess says, “the nerdiest podcast on the face of the planet.” Join us as we interview various guests from the hardware / software interface. Their stories have captivated us all and kept us wanting more, we can’t wait to share them with you! Stay tuned!

Nov 2019

2 min 39 sec