Black History ToolKit

Abu-Bakr Madden Al-Shabbaz

History defines us, it also shapes the world that we live in. Do we truly understand Black and African History? The emphasis is often on the roles of leading blacks in fundamentally white historical settings. This approach cuts out the many civilizations in Africa. This and many more topics will be discussed in the podcast to help create a vision for the future during these uncertain times.

Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me

Race - a Social Construct
Trailer 3 min 17 sec

All Episodes

The Asiento de Negros (agreement of blacks') was a monopoly contract between the Spanish Crown and various merchants for the right to provide African slaves to colonies in the Spanish Americas. The Spanish Empire rarely engaged in the trans-Atlantic slave trade directly from Africa itself, choosing instead to contract out the importation to foreign merchants from nations more prominent in that part of the world; typically Portuguese and Genovese, but later the Dutch, French and British. The Asiento did not concern French or British Caribbean but Spanish America. The 1479 Treaty of Alcáçovas divided the Atlantic Ocean and other parts of the globe into two zones of influence, Spanish and Portuguese. The Spanish acquired the west side washing South America and the West Indies, whilst the Portuguese obtained the east side washing the west coast of Africa - and also the Indian Ocean beyond. The Spanish relied on African slave labour to make their American colonial project possible, but now lacked any trading or territorial foothold in West Africa, the principal source of slave labour. Thus the Spanish were reliant on Portuguese slave traders for all their requirements. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Jul 22

6 min 6 sec

John Hawkins is considered to be the first English slave trader. He left England in 1562 on the first of three slaving voyages. In 1563 he sold slaves in St Domingo, his second voyage was in 1564 and his final, and disastrous voyage was in 1567. At this time British interests lay with African produce rather than with the slave trade and between 1553 and 1660 numerous charters were granted to British merchants to establish settlements on the West Coast of Africa to supply goods such as ivory, gold, pepper, dyewood and indigo.  Portugal and Britain were the two most ‘successful’ slave-trading countries accounting for about 70% of all Africans transported to the Americas. Britain was the most dominant between 1640 and 1807 when the British slave trade was abolished. It is estimated that Britain transported 3.1 million Africans (of whom 2.7 million arrived) to the British colonies in the Caribbean, North and South America and to other countries. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Jul 21

13 min 17 sec

Seven out of 10 young black people in the UK have felt under pressure to change their hair in order to appear more professional in school or at work, according to a new survey. Research by YMCA among young people of black and mixed ethnicity found many felt they had to change to be accepted in society, prompting warnings that rigid school and workplace policies could result in “cultural erasure”. Asked about racism in education, more than nine out of 10 (95%) said they had witnessed racist language at school and almost half (49%) said they believed racism was the biggest barrier to academic attainment. In this episode Abu-Bakr discusses the impact that racism has on the psychology of black children in the UK education system.  Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Jul 1

20 min 9 sec

The Sewell Report made the claim that there is “no evidence of institutional racism” and that, although the UK is not a “post-racial society”, it sets a good example for other white-majority countries when it comes to diversity. The term “institutional racism” was Kwame Ture's coinage. It appeared first in “Black Power: The Politics of Liberation in America,” a book Tuare wrote with Charles Hamilton in 1967. A reader runs into the phrase right away, in the second paragraph of the very first chapter. The writers distinguish individual acts of racism—which can “be recorded by television cameras” or otherwise “observed in the process of commission”—from institutional racism: “less overt, far more subtle, less identifiable in terms of specific individuals committing the acts.” (The italics were Tuare’s and Hamilton’s.) But institutional racism exists, “it permeates the society,” Tuare and Hamilton wrote. And its effects were certainly palpable—in the higher death rates of Black babies, for instance, or in how Black families couldn’t break free of their tenements. Like gravity, institutional racism couldn’t be seen, but it could be felt by the minorities who became its victims.  Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Jun 15

42 min 15 sec

This episode exposes the pervasive nature of racism in society - it also gives advice on the steps needed to overcome them. For the uninitiated  race does not biologically exist, yet how we identify with race is so powerful, it influences our experiences and shapes our lives. In a society that privileges white people and whiteness, racist ideas are considered normal throughout our media, culture, social systems, and institutions. Historically, racist views justified the unfair treatment and oppression of people of colour. We can be led to believe that racism is only about individual mindsets and actions, yet racist policies also contribute to our polarisation. While individual choices are damaging, racist ideas in policy have a wide-spread impact by threatening the equity of our systems and the fairness of our institutions.  To create an equal society, we must commit to making unbiased choices and being antiracist in all aspects of our lives. Being anti-racist is fighting against racism.  Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

May 29

1 hr 6 min

In this podcast Abu-Bakr reflects on the life of Malcolm X and his tireless effort to change the narrative from a civil rights to that of a human rights struggle. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

May 19

36 min 3 sec

In this episode Abu-Bakr looks at the effect of eurocentrism on Black and African history. Some European authors had assailed and even doubted Africa's historical heritage; one even went as far as to say, “Africa had no history prior to European exploration and colonisation, that there is only the history of Europeans in Africa. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

May 18

37 min 29 sec

Black history taught in the west usually contains two approaches: The Catastrophic and Survivalist approach. These methods of inquiry focuses on degradation and the exploits of blacks to reinforce the notion that black people have not contributed anything towards world history and science. In this episode Abu-Bakr talks about the survivalist approach in order to provide an insight to world events that preceded the horrors of slavery and to highlight the education and socialisation process that leaves us ignorant of our past, strangers to our people, apes of our oppressors. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

May 9

22 min 33 sec

William Wilberforce takes all the plaudits and admiration for his role in banning the British slave trade in 1807. However there are many others who seem have been written out of the history books. Thomas Clarkson travelled the country generating petitions to parliament and creating a huge popular movement. Another major factor totally forgotten was the huge slave rebellions that shook the West Indies. The British army were defeated in Haiti after a five year struggle and more than 12,000 British death. The army of enslaved Africans had defeated the army of the world's superpower, and the largest slave-trading nation. The humiliation of this defeat sent a shock wave through the British establishment and, indirectly, strengthened the forces in parliament that voted to abolish the slave trade in 1807. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

May 9

15 min 1 sec

The Haitian Revolution secured black independence in the former French colony and sounded the death knell for the European slave trade.  Though long ignored by many the Haitian Revolution stands out as the only instance in which enslaved people and free people of colour fought and defeated the French, Spanish, and British to end slavery and the slave trade. This successful and complicated campaign for freedom and equality, begun in 1791, resulted in the creation of the second republic in the western hemisphere, an independent Republic of Haiti in 1804. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

May 8

23 min 36 sec

Citizens of the Commonwealth migrated to the UK at different stages during the 20th century before and after the Empire Windrush in 1948. Migrants settled in several towns and cities across the UK and in Wales where unique multicultural communities were formed. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 22

19 min 5 sec

Today's generation of African Americans and POC run the risk of being killed when interacting with law enforcement. This modern day state sanctioned lynching has a darker history that serves the broad social purpose of maintaining white supremacy in the economic, social and political spheres. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 22

3 min 17 sec

The removal of statues and tributes to slave traders and colonialists in Wales and the UK was a hot topic during 2020. The removal of the statue of Sir Thomas Picton in Cardiff City Hall and Edward Colston in Bristol sparked a new 'toxic' culture war. In this edition Abu-Bakr provides some history and context to the issue. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 21

3 min 39 sec

The untold history of the African presence in Britain.  The discovery of the earliest skulls in Britain (Cheddar Man and Plynlimon Man in South Wales) now identified as Grimaldi 'African skulls' provide the vital evidence that support the 'Out of Africa' Theory.  European ancestors would have left Africa, moved into the Middle East and later headed west into Europe, before eventually crossing the ancient land bridge called Doggerland which connected Britain to continental Europe. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at www.Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 17

17 min 32 sec

In this episode Abu-Bakr looks back at his own experience as a child from the Windrush generation where education represented a site of struggle which reproduced inequity and a negative representation of “blackness”.  The enduring inequalities experienced by black children in schools in the UK have been extensively documented.  Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 9

8 min 50 sec

More than 100 years ago, American sociologist W.E.B. Du Bois was concerned that race was being used as a biological explanation for what he understood to be social and cultural differences between different populations of people. He spoke out against the idea of "white" and "black" as discrete groups, claiming that these distinctions ignored the scope of human diversity. Science would favor Du Bois. Today, the mainstream belief among scientists is that race is a social construct without biological meaning. Modern scientific views favor this theory, with the most widely accepted model for human origins being the "Out of Africa" theory. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 5

3 min 17 sec

In this edition the concept of Africa as being the cradle of civilization is discussed with a detailed look at the scientific evidence. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 3

40 min 26 sec

African and black history is often taught and delivered in a limited way - the emphasis is on the roles of leading blacks in fundamentally white historical settings. This has led to people of African heritage demanding an interpretation of the past that does justice to the black presence which is often ignored. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 3

15 min 46 sec

Ida B. Wells was an African American journalist, abolitionist and feminist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s. She went on to found and become integral in groups striving for African American justice. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

E

Apr 2

17 min 39 sec

Carter G. Woodson known as the “Father of Black History,” believed that Blacks should know their past in order to participate intelligently in the affairs in our country. He strongly believed that Black history – which others have tried so diligently to erase – is a firm foundation for young Black Americans to build on in order to become productive citizens of our society. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 2

2 min 54 sec

A short introduction to Marcus Garvey and his organization, the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), represent the largest mass movement in African-American history. Proclaiming a black nationalist "Back to Africa" message, Garvey and the UNIA established 700 branches in thirty-eight states by the early 1920s. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at KKo-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 2

3 min 37 sec

Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome (PTSS), a term coined by internationally renowned researcher Joy DeGruy, to describe the multigenerational trauma and injustices experienced by African Americans - from the dawn of slavery to the recent deaths of Black citizens at the hands of police. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 2

17 min 39 sec

Some of the greatest modern philosophers held racist views. John Locke (1632-1704), David Hume (1711-76), Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), G W F Hegel (1770-1831) and many others believed that Black and Indigenous peoples the world over were savage, inferior and in need of correction by European enlightenment. No serious philosopher today defends these explicitly racist views but, with good reason, they continue to study the writings of these authors. However what impact does it have on society today? Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 2

6 min 14 sec

A short introduction to the history of West Africa before the colonisation and slavery. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 2

5 min 51 sec

Today, racial protest seeks a goal more complex than integration into a white society; it seeks a goal in terms of a pluralist society in which members of the black community can retain identity and heritage. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 2

3 min 24 sec

We still don't understanding the psychology of slavery. This is because no one likes to talk about it!  For blacks descended from slaves, the subject evokes feelings of shame and embarrassment associated with the degradations of slavery. For whites whose ancestry makes them complicit, there are feelings of guilt about a system that is incongruent with the democratic ideals on which this country was founded. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 2

6 min 31 sec

Many questions arise about the type of justifications used to support slavery and slave owners - the plantocracy also known as slavocracy utilised early psychology and psychiatry to help justify their actions. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 2

19 min 57 sec

Psychohistorical looks at the 'why' of history and the effects on individuals for blacks descended from slaves, the subject evokes feelings of shame and embarrassment associated with the degradations of slavery. For whites whose ancestry makes them complicit, there are feelings of guilt about a system that is incongruent with the democratic ideals on which this country was founded. Support me to keep producing material via Patreon www.patreon.com/user?u=39306141 or buy me a cup of coffee at Ko-fi.com/bhtoolkit more material will also be posted on my website www.abubakrmadden.me --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/abu-bakr-madden/message

Apr 2

9 min 41 sec