SIREN Coffee & Science

Social Interventions Research and Evaluation Network

SIREN Coffee & Science is a biweekly series of 30-minute conversations between experts in social interventions research, practice, and policy. Hear leaders grapple with thorny issues at the intersection of clinical and social care.

Introducing the SIREN Coffee & Science Series: The NASEM Social Care Framework
Trailer 33 min 59 sec

All Episodes

This episode features a conversation between Damon Francis, MD, Medical Director of the Homeless Health Center in the Alameda Health System as well as Chief Clinical Officer of Health Leads, and Noha Aboelata, MD, Chief Executive Officer and co-founder of the Roots Community Health Center in Oakland, California. This is the last in a series of six Coffee & Science events on topics related to Alignment and Advocacy, which are both about what health care can do at the community level to address social conditions. This conversation takes a deep dive into Clean 360, an innovative social enterprise launched by Roots to provide employment and skill-building opportunities to formerly incarcerated community members in order to improve their health and well-being. In this thought-provoking conversation, Drs. Francis and Aboelata discuss how Roots came to develop a soap and bath products factory; Dr. Aboelata’s inspiring vision for how community health centers can help address community needs; and ideas for how other types of health care organizations can use their procurement dollars to help improve economic and health outcomes in their communities.Recommended references: Clean 360 online store Gottlieb L, Razon N, Aboelata N. How do Community Health Centers Pay for Social Care Programs? SIREN. 2019. Roots Community Health Center. Emancipators Initiative (webpage). Drummond T. “Out of prison, soapmaking offers a clean start”. Crosscurrents, KALW 91.7 FM. 2016. Metzl JM, Roberts DE. Structural Competency Meets Structural Racism: Race, Politics, and the Structure of Medical Knowledge. AMA J Ethics. 2014.

Nov 30

28 min 28 sec

This episode features a conversation between Nessia Berner Wong, MPH, Senior Policy Analyst at Change Lab Solutions, and Lauren Poor, MPH, a Regional Program Manager with the Healthy Food in Health Care program at Health Care Without Harm. This is the fifth in a series of six Coffee & Science events on topics related to Alignment and Advocacy, which are both about what health care can do at the community level to address social conditions. This conversation explores Healthcare without Harm’s Anchors in Resilient Communities initiative and how health care organizations can support sustainable food procurement and employment opportunities. Recommended references: Anchors in Resilient Communities. ARC Resource Library (website). Healthcare Anchor Network. Case study: Anchors in Resilient Communities. 2020. ChangeLab Solutions. Legal & Policy Strategies for Health Care & Food System Partners. 2021. ChangeLab Solutions webinar. Food Procurement for a More Just Food System. June 2020.

Nov 16

25 min 27 sec

This episode features a conversation between Bich Ha Pham, JD, the Director of Communications and Policy at the Healthcare Anchor Network, and Mike Koprowski, MA, Ed.M, who is the National Campaign Director at the National Low Income Housing Coalition. This is the fourth in a series of six Coffee & Science events on topics related to Alignment and Advocacy, which are the last two “A”s of the National Academy of Medicine’s framework that SIREN has used to organize Coffee & Science. Alignment and Advocacy are both about what health care can do at the community level to address social conditions. This conversation explores why and how health care organizations should engage in federal advocacy on issues like housing affordability. Recommended references: The Healthcare Anchor Network (website)  Healthcare Anchor Network. Principles for Health and Affordable Housing.  Current calls for action from the Opportunity Starts at Home campaign Pham BH, Zuckerman D, Fichtenberg C, Barnett K. Outside Their Comfort Zone: Health Sector Players Speaking Up for Housing Policy Change. Shelterforce. 2020. Counts NZ, Taylor LA, Willison CE, Galea S. Healthcare lobbying on upstream social determinants of health in the US. Prev Med. 2021.

Nov 2

24 min 34 sec

This episode features a conversation between Kelly Kelleher, a pediatrician and Vice President for Community Health and Community Health Services Research at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, and Reverend John Edgar, who is the Executive Director and Pastor Emeritus at United Methodist Church & Community Development for All People. This is the third in a series of six Coffee & Science events on topics related to Alignment and Advocacy, which are the last two “A”s of the National Academy of Medicine’s framework that SIREN has used to organize Coffee & Science. Alignment and Advocacy are both about what health care can do at the community level to address social conditions. This conversation explores how a children’s hospital and faith-based community development corporation have partnered to improve health and health equity in disadvantaged neighborhoods in Columbus, Ohio. Recommended references: Chisolm DJ, Jones C, Root ED, Dolce M, Kelleher KJ. A community development program and reduction in high-cost health care use. Pediatrics. 2020. Skinner D, Franz B, Kelleher K. How Should Health Care Organizations and Communities Work Together to Improve Neighborhood Conditions? AMA J Ethics. 2019. Kelleher K, Edgar J. Church and Hospital: Anchors Partnering to Achieve Community Transformation. Currents in Theology and Mission. 2019. Kelleher K, Reece J, Sandel M. The Healthy Neighborhood, Healthy Families Initiative. Pediatrics. 2018. Franz B et al. Hospital-Community Partnerships: Facilitating Communication for Population Health on Columbus' South Side. Health Commun. 2018. Axel-Lute M, Ortiz L. How a Risk-Averse Hospital and a Risk-Taking CDC Built a Functional Partnership. Shelterforce. 2017. Boyer KB, Chang DI. Case Study: Nationwide Children's Hospital: An Accountable Care Organization Going Upstream to Address Population Health. NAM Perspectives. 2017.

Oct 19

26 min 40 sec

This episode features a conversation between Wylie Liu, MPH, MPA, Executive Director of the Center for Community Engagement at the University of California, San Francisco, and Darlene Oliver Hightower, JD, Vice President, Community Health Equity at Rush University Medical Center. This is the second in a series of six Coffee & Science events on topics related to Alignment and Advocacy, which are the last two “A”s of the National Academy of Medicine’s framework that SIREN’s used to organize Coffee & Science. Alignment and Advocacy are both about what health care can do at the community level to address social conditions. This conversation explores the pillars of Rush’s healthcare anchor institution model and its health equity work.Recommended references: Healthcare Anchor Network Case Study. Rush University Medical Center (RUMC): Collaborating with community stakeholders to improve economic vitality and health. 2021. Ubhayakar S et al. Anchor Mission Playbook. Rush University Medical Center and The Democracy Collaborative. 2019. Healthcare Anchor Network. Anchor Mission Communications Toolkit. Rush University Medical Center and The Democracy Collaborative. 2020. Ansell DA et al. Health Equity as a System Strategy: The Rush University Medical Center Framework. NEJM Catalyst Innovations in Care Delivery. 2021. Kanter RM. West Side United: Hospitals Tackle the Racial Health and Wealth Gap. Harvard Business School Case 321-026. 2020. Rhee N. “A Second City”. Chicago Magazine. 2018.

Oct 4

25 min 38 sec

This episode features a conversation between two health center-based community organizers: Hilary Mar Lopez Nichols, from Oregon Health Sciences University Family Medicine Clinic at Richmond, and Toffer Lehnherr, from Partnership Health Center in Missoula, Montana. This is the first in a series of six Coffee & Science events on topics related to Alignment and Advocacy, which are the last two “A”s of the National Academy of Medicine’s framework that SIREN’s used to organize Coffee & Science. Alignment and Advocacy are both about what health care can do at the community level to address social needs.  In this conversation, Hilary and Toffer share their experiences with using community organizing in clinical settings to help advance health equity.Recommended references: Morris JE. When “Patient-Centered” is Not Enough: A Call for Community-Centered Medicine. Ann Fam Med. 2019. Christens BD, Peterson NA, Speer PW. Community participation and psychological empowerment: Testing reciprocal causality using a cross-lagged panel design and latent constructs. Health Educ Behav. 2011. Wolf L, Vigna AJ, Inzeo PT et al.  From Roots to Results: A Qualitative Case Study of the Evolution of a Public Health Leadership Institute Building Capacity in Collaborating for Equity and Justice. Health Educ Behav. 2019. Speer PW, Tesdahl EA, Ayers JF : Community organizing practices in a globalizing era: Building power for health equity at the community level. J Health Psychol. 2013. Speer PW, Christens BD. A Kansas City case study: Local community organizing and change: Altering policy in the housing and community development system in Kansas City. J Community Applied Soc Psychol. 2011. Collins CR, Nealth JW, Neal ZO. An article that links (theoretically) community organizing with efficacy and empowerment: Transforming individual civic engagement into community collective efficacy: The role of bonding social capital. Am J Community Psychol. 2014.

Sep 21

28 min 16 sec

This episode features a conversation between Emmy Ganos, PhD, Senior Program Officer at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and Stacie Dusetzina, PhD, Associate Professor of Health Policy and Ingram Associate Professor of Cancer Research at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. This session is the last of four talks focused on health care sector efforts to Adjust clinical care based on information about patients’ social circumstances. In this conversation, Emmy and Stacie dive into the implications of real-time pharmacy benefit tools and explore what we know about patient and provider preferences when it comes to conversations about medication costs.Recommended references: Everson J, Frisse ME, Dusetzina SB. Real-Time Benefit Tools for Drug Prices. JAMA. 2019. Doshi JA, Li P, Huo H et al. Association of Patient Out-of-Pocket Costs with Prescription Abandonment and Delay in Fills of Novel Oral Anticancer Agents. J Clin Oncol. 2018. Sloan CE, Ubel PA. The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Cost-of-Care Conversations. Annals Intern Med supplement issue on cost-of-care conversations. 2019. America’s Essential Hospitals. Cost of Care Conversations Resources. Web collection.

Sep 8

26 min 20 sec

This episode features a conversation between Kedar Mate, MD, President and CEO of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement and Saul Weiner, MD, Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Medical Education, Director of the Clinical Leaders and Academic Scholars Fellowship at the University of Illinois at Chicago, and Deputy Director of the Center of Innovation for Complex Chronic Health Care at the Veterans Health Administration. This session is the third of four talks focused on health care sector efforts to Adjust clinical care based on information about patients’ social circumstances. In this conversation, Kedar and Saul explore the intersection of social care adjustment and the practice of contextualizing care and raise questions about both potential benefits and unintended consequences of implementing contextualized care.Recommended references:  https://www.contextualizingcare.org/  Weiner SJ. Contextualizing care: An essential and measurable clinical competency. Patient Educ Couns. 2021.  Weiner SJ, Schwartz A, Altman L et al. Evaluation of a Patient-Collected Audio Audit and Feedback Quality Improvement Program on Clinician Attention to Patient Life Context and Health Care Costs in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System. JAMA Netw Open. 2020.  Weiner SJ, Schwartz A. Listening for What Matters: Avoiding Contextual Errors in Health Care. Oxford Univ Press. 2016. Weiner SJ. On Becoming a Healer: The Journey from Patient Care to Caring about Your Patients. Johns Hopkins Univ Press. 2020. Gawande A. “Personal Best”. The New Yorker. 2011.

Aug 23

26 min 1 sec

This episode features a conversation between Julia Adler-Milstein, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Center for Clinical Informatics and Improvement Research at the University of California, San Francisco and Tiffany Veinot, Professor of Health Behavior and Health Education cross-appointed at the School of Information and School of Public Health at the University of Michigan. This session is second of four talks focused on health care sector efforts to Adjust clinical care based on information about patients’ social circumstances. In this conversation, Julia and Tiffany explore the emerging discipline of social care informatics and ways informatics can support care adjustment strategies.Recommended references: Computing Community Consortium research agenda. 2018. Veinot TC, Ancker JS, Bakken S. Health informatics and health equity: improving our reach and impact. JAMIA (introduction to special issue on health informatics and health equity). 2019. Veinot TC, Mitchell H, Ancker JS. Good intentions are not enough: how informatics interventions can worsen inequality. JAMIA. 2018. Veinot TC et al. Leveling up: on the potential of upstream health informatics interventions to enhance health equity. Medical Care. 2019.  Senteio C, Adler-Milstein J, Richardson C, Veinot TC. Psychosocial information use for clinical decisions in diabetes care. JAMIA. 2019. Senteio C, Veinot T, Adler-Milstein J, Richardson C. Physicians’ perceptions of the impact of the EHR on the collection and retrieval of psychosocial information in outpatient diabetes care. Intl J Med Informatics. 2018

Aug 9

26 min 37 sec

This episode features a conversation between Danielle Hessler Jones, PhD, SIREN investigator and Professor in the Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco and Rachel Gold, PhD, MPH, an investigator at the Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research and Lead Research Scientist at the OCHIN community health information network. This session is the first of four talks focused on health care sector efforts to Adjust clinical care based on information about patients’ social circumstances. In this conversation, Danielle and Rachel define Adjustment and explore research on the use of clinical decision support tools that might facilitate related interventions.Recommended references: NASEM. Integrating Social Care into the Delivery of Health Care. 2019. Weiner S, Schwartz A. Listening for What Matters. 2016. Hessler D, Bowyer V, Gold R et al. Bringing Social Context into Diabetes Care: Intervening on Social Risks versus Providing Contextualized Care. Curr Diab Rep. 2019. Cottrell EK, Gold R, Likumahuwa S et al. Using Health Information Technology to Bring Social Determinants of Health into Primary Care: A Conceptual Framework to Guide Research. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2018. Current projects mentioned in episode: COHERE; CRISP.

Jul 26

25 min 24 sec

This episode features a conversation between Tamara J. Cadet, PhD, LICSW, MPH, an Associate Professor at the Simmons School of Social Work and faculty at the Harvard School of Dental Medicine in Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology, and Bonnie Ewald, MA, the Associate Director of the Center for Health and Social Care Integration and Program Manager of Strategic Development and Policy for Rush University Medical Center’s Social Work and Community Health Department. This session is the sixth and final talk focused on health care sector efforts to provide patients with social service Assistance. In this conversation, Tammy and Bonnie dive into tele-social care practices, including ways these practices were affected by the COVID pandemic. Surfacing the perspectives of both patients and providers, they also explore the benefits and barriers to delivering social care by phone and video.Recommended references: CHaSCI and the National Center for Complex Health and Social Needs. Tele-Social Care: Implications and Strategies. Feb 2021. CHaSCI and the National Center for Complex Health and Social Needs. Best practices and strategies for tele-social care (webinar recording). De Saxe Zerden L, Cadet TJ, Galambos C, Jones B. Social Work’s Commitment and Leadership to Address Social Determinants of Health and Integrate Social Care into Health Care. JHHSA. 2020. Kraus MW. Voice-Only Communication Enhances Empathic Accuracy. American Psychologist. 2017. DeGuzman PB, Jain N, Loureiro CG. Public Libraries as Partners in Telemedicine Delivery: A Review and Research Agenda. Public Library Quarterly. 2021.

Jun 28

26 min 43 sec

This episode features a conversation between Lauren Taylor, PhD, MDiv, MPH, a postdoctoral scholar at NYU School of Medicine, and Kelly Cronin, MPH, MS, Deputy Administrator, Innovation and Partnership at HHS Administration for Community Living. This session is the fifth in a series focused on health care sector efforts to provide Assistance to patients to reduce their social risks. In this conversation, Lauren and Kelly explore pressing questions surrounding the governance and interoperability of software platforms marketed to health care systems and designed to streamline information about and connection to community resources to address social needs. Recommended references: The Gravity Project. https://www.hl7.org/gravity/ Stewards of Change. Project Unify homepage on the National Interoperability Collaborative Hub. https://hub.nic-us.org/groups/project-unify  San Diego Community Information Exchange Toolkit. https://ciesandiego.org/toolkit/  Nichols & Taylor. Social Determinants as Public Goods: A New Approach to Financing Key Investments in Healthy Communities. 2018. Bradley & Taylor. The American Health Care Paradox. 2013. Cartier, Fichtenberg, & Gottlieb. Community Resource Referral Platforms: A Guide for Health Care Organizations. 2019. Edited audience questions (clustered by theme):  Interoperability: What are the emerging interoperability standards across platforms? Will the work of The Gravity Project enable standards consistency that might support the CBOs? Are there any national certification efforts similar to ONC EHR certification process to propel interoperability standards between these new platforms? Data uses: How can we leverage data on the back end of these platforms to assess needs, improve care, and support advocacy? Effectiveness: Have we seen evidence on how effective the R&R systems are? How much should we invest in improving them? Would the $ being invested in these platforms be better spent on actual services rather than on an infrastructure to connect to services that are not robust enough?  Government role: Should the government’s position be to support CBO funding, capacity, and standards, not procurement of software? Are there anti-trust laws that would avoid a single company owning this entire space? Resident/community ownership: Are there ways for the community to benefit financially from these platforms, especially because they are providing the referral resources? What is the role of residents in this – after all, isn’t this all “for them?” 

Jun 15

25 min 34 sec

This episode features a conversation between Lucia Rojas-Smith, DrPH, MPH, Director of the Center for Community Health Evaluation and Economic Research at RTI and Shannon O’Connor, PhD, MS, MA, a social science research analyst at the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation. This session is the fourth in a series focused on health care sector efforts to provide Assistance to patients to reduce their social risks. Drs. Rojas-Smith and O’Connor discussed findings from the Accountable Health Communities (AHC) Model’s first annual report. Recommended references: Accountable Health Communities (AHC) Model Evaluation. First Evaluation Report. 2020. CMS. Building strong community partnerships to address social needs: a case study in effective advisory board collaboration from the Accountable Health Communities model. 2021. Holcomb et al. Developing and evaluating a quality improvement intervention to facilitate patient navigation in the Accountable Health Communities model. Front Med. 2021. Gottlieb et al. Evaluating the Accountable Health Communities demonstration project. J Gen Intern Med. 2017.

Jun 2

24 min 7 sec

This episode features a conversation between Reginald Williams II, Vice President of International Health Policy and Practice Innovations at the Commonwealth Fund, and Matt Pantell, MD, MS, a pediatric hospitalist, assistant professor of pediatrics at UCSF, and SIREN researcher. This session is the third in a series focused on health care sector efforts to provide Assistance to patients to reduce their social risks. Reggie and Matt define social isolation and loneliness and explore different approaches used in the UK, Norway, and elsewhere to mitigate loneliness and social isolation.Recommended references: Tung E, De Marchis E, Gottlieb L, Lindau S, Pantell M. Patient experiences with screening and assistance for social isolation in primary care settings. J Gen Intern Med. 2021 Feb 2;1-7.   National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults: Opportunities for the Health Care System. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2020. National Institute on Aging. Social Isolation and Loneliness Toolkit - An outreach toolkit to reduce social isolation and loneliness. Webpage. National Suicide Prevention Lifeline - National network of local crisis centers that provides emotional support to people in emotional distress or crisis. Telephone: 1-800-273-8255; Website: https://suicidepreventionlifeline.org  Friendship Line: Serves as both a crisis intervention hotline and a warmline for non-emergency emotional support calls for adults 60 years and older. Telephone: 1-800-971-0016; Web site: https://www.ioaging.org/services/all-inclusive-health-care/friendship-line  National Alliance on Mental Illness Helpline: Hotline that provides resources and support to people living with mental health conditions as well as their family and caregivers. Telephone: 1-800-950-NAMI (6264); Web site: https://nami.org/help

May 17

26 min 18 sec

This episode features a conversation between Megan Sandel, MD, MPH, an associate professor of pediatrics at the Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health and co-lead principal investigator with Children’s Health Watch, and Rhea Boyd, MD, MPH, a pediatrician, public health advocate, and scholar who is the Director of Equity and Justice for The California Children’s Trust and most recently, co-developed THE CONVERSATION: Between Us, About Us, a national campaign to bring information about the COVID vaccines directly to Black communities. This session is the second in a series focused on health care sector efforts to provide Assistance to patients to reduce their social risks. Megan and Rhea explore the ways in which social inequality has been encoded and medicalized in the conceptualization of social care and challenge us to think differently about what “health equity” means. Recommended references: Boyd RW, Lindo EG, Weeks LD, McLemore MR. On Racism: A New Standard for Publishing on Racial Health Inequities. Health Affairs Blog. 2020. Benjamin R. Race After Technology: Abolitionist Tools for the New Jim Code. Polity. 2019. Eubanks V. Automating Inequality: How High-Tech Tools Profile, Police, and Punish the Poor. Picador USA. 2019. Krieger N, Boyd RW, De Maio F, Maybank A. Medicine’s Privileged Gatekeepers: Producing Harmful Ignorance About Racism and Health. Health Affairs Blog. 2021. Putnam-Hornstein E, Ahn E, Prindle J et al. Cumulative Rates of Child Protection Involvement and Terminations of Parental Rights in a California Birth Cohort, 1999–2017. AJPH. 2021. Hooks b. Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center. Routledge (3rd ed). 1984, 2014. Barceló N, Shadavran S. Race, Metaphor, and Myth in Academic Medicine. Acad Psychiatry. 2020.

May 3

29 min 8 sec

This episode is the first in a set of six Coffee and Science conversations on Assistance—health care sector activities that aim to reduce social risk by providing or linking patients with relevant social services. Nadia Islam, PhD, an associate professor in the Department of Population Health at NYU Langone, speaks with Maria Lemus, the executive director of Visión y Compromiso, an organization created and led by promotores that supports work to improve both individual and community wellbeing. Nadia and Maria explore the potential risks and benefits of formalizing roles for community health workers and promotores in the health care sector’s social care workforce.Recommended references: Visión y Compromiso. Key Workforce Priorities for the Community Transformation Model. 2017. Islam N, Shapiro E, Wyatt L, Riley L, Zanowiak J, Ursua R, et al. Evaluating community health workers’ attributes, roles, and pathways of action in immigrant communities. Prev Med. 2017. Islam N, Rogers ES, Schoenthaler A, Thorpe LE, Shelley D. A cross-cutting workforce solution for implementing community–clinical linkage models. Am J Public Health. 2020. Peretz PJ, Islam N, Matiz LA. Community Health Workers and Covid-19 — Addressing Social Determinants of Health in Times of Crisis and Beyond. N Engl J Med. 2020.

Apr 19

21 min 14 sec

This bonus episode is a special addendum to the first five episodes, which all focused on health care sector efforts to increase Awareness about both patient and community-level social conditions. Laura Gottlieb, MD, MPH, SIREN Director and Associate Professor of Family and Community Medicine at UCSF chats with SIREN Advisor Eric Fleegler, MD, MPH, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine at Harvard Medical School and pediatric emergency physician at Boston Children’s Hospital. They and other participants in the lively Zoom meeting brought up questions such as: What’s changed in the last 13 years with clinic-based social risk screening? Should you screen for a social need when you don’t have a resource to meet the need? What can smoking cessation teach us about social risk screening? Should we ask patients if they want assistance instead of screening? Recommended references: Cullen D, Abel D, Attridge M, Fein JA. Exploring the gap: food insecurity and resource engagement. Academic Pediatrics. 2021. De Marchis EH, Alderwich H, Gottlieb LM. Do Patients Want Help Addressing Social Risks? JABFM. March 2020. De Marchis EH, Ettinger de Cuba S, Chang L, et al. Screening Discordance and Characteristics of Patients With Housing-Related Social Risks. Am J Prev Med. 2021. Fritz CQ, Thomas J, Brittan MS, Mazzio E, Pitkin J, Suh C. Referral and resource utilization among food insecure families identified in a pediatric medical setting. Acad Pediatr. 2021. Hassan A, Scherer EA, Pikcilingis A, et al. Improving social determinants of health: effectiveness of a web-based intervention. Am J Prev Med. 2015. Sandoval VS, Jackson A, Saleeby E, et al. Associations Between Prenatal Food Insecurity and Prematurity, Pediatric Health Care Utilization, and Postnatal Social Needs. Acad Pediatr. 2021.

Apr 13

28 min 5 sec

This episode is the final in a series of five conversations focused on health care sector efforts to increase Awareness about both patient and community-level social conditions. Minal Patel, PhD, MPH, an associate professor of health behavior and health education at the University of Michigan School of Public Health, speaks with Emilia De Marchis, MD, MAS, an assistant professor in the Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of California San Francisco, a family physician, and a member of the SIREN research team. Minal and Emilia explore a wide range of reasons why patients who screen positive for a social risk may not desire related assistance from the health care team. They also discuss how staff and provider training might influence patient interest in assistance interventions.Recommended references: Alderwick H, Gottlieb LM. Meanings and misunderstandings: A social determinants of health lexicon for health care systems. Milbank Q. 2019. De Marchis EH, Alderwich H, Gottlieb LM. Do Patients Want Help Addressing Social Risks? JABFM. March 2020. De Marchis EH, Hessler D, Fichtenberg C, et al. Assessment of Social Risk Factors and Interest in Receiving Health Care–Based Social Assistance Among Adult Patients and Adult Caregivers of Pediatric Patients. JAMA Netw Open. Oct 2020. Devoe JE. When and How Do We Need Permission to Help Patients Address Social Risk? JABFM. March 2020. Patel MR, Heisler M, Piette JD, et al. Study protocol: CareAvenue program to improve unmet social risk factors and diabetes outcomes- A randomized controlled trial. Cont Clin Trials. Feb 2020. Patel MR, Resnicow K, Lang I, et al. Solutions to Address Diabetes-Related Financial Burden and Cost-Related Nonadherence: Results From a Pilot Study. Health Educ Behav. 2017.  Parkinson MD, Hammonds T, Keyser DJ, et al. Impact of Physician Referral to Health Coaching on Patient Engagement and Health Risks: An Observational Study of UPMC’s Prescription for Wellness. Am J Health Promot. Feb 2020.

Mar 30

26 min 50 sec

Sarah DeSilvey, DNP, FNP-C, social determinants of health clinical informatics director of the Gravity Project and faculty at the University of Vermont Larner College of Medicine speaks with Michael Bailit, MBA, founder of Bailit Health, a consulting firm dedicated to ensuring insurer and provider performance accountability. This conversation is the fourth in a series focused on health care sector efforts to increase Awareness about both patient and community-level social conditions. Sarah and Michael share design considerations from state Medicaid agencies weighing the use of quality measures for social risk screening.Recommended references: Bailit Health. Developing a Social Risk Factor Screening Measure. 2020. Bailit Health. Social Risk Factor Screening in Medicaid Managed Care. 2020. Alderwick H, Gottlieb LM. Meanings and misunderstandings: A social determinants of health lexicon for health care systems. Milbank Q. 2019. The Gravity Project  Gottlieb L, DeSilvey SC. New Clinical Coding Guidelines Account for Patients’ Social Risk: We Should Do More to Ensure They Advance Health Care Quality and Equity. Health Affairs Blog. 2020.

Mar 15

24 min 26 sec

Elena Byhoff, MD, MSc, assistant professor in the Department of Medicine at Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine speaks with David Schleifer, PhD, the director of research at Public Agenda, a national, nonpartisan, nonprofit research and public engagement organization. This conversation is the third in a series focused on health care sector efforts to increase Awareness about both patient and community-level social conditions. Drs. Byhoff and Schleifer discuss their respective research studies examining patients’ and caregivers’ perspectives about the acceptability of social risk screening in the context of clinical care settings and explore the common question, “Should I screen for a social need I can’t address?”Recommended references: De Marchis EH, Hessler D, Fichtenberg C, et al. Part I: A Quantitative Study of Social Risk Screening Acceptability in Patients and Caregivers. Am J Prev Med. 2019 Dec;57(6 Suppl 1):S25-S37. Byhoff E, De Marchis EH, Hessler D, et al. Part II: A Qualitative Study of Social Risk Screening Acceptability in Patients and Caregivers. Am J Prev Med. 2019 Dec;57(6 Suppl 1):S38-S46. Public Agenda. It’s About Trust: Low-Income Parents’ Perspectives on How Pediatricians Can Screen for Social Determinants of Health. 2019.

Mar 3

26 min 9 sec

Dr. Toyin Ajayi, Co-founder and Chief Health Officer at Cityblock Health speaks with Dr. Monica Peek, associate professor of General Internal Medicine at the University of Chicago. This conversation is the second in a series focused on health care sector efforts to increase Awareness about both patient and community-level social conditions. Drs. Ajayi and Peek discuss concerns structurally marginalized people may have in spaces like health care in and outside the context of social risk screening and explore ways health care organizations can earn trust and build rapport with patients of color.Recommended references: Peek ME, Odoms-Young A, Quinn MT et al. Racism in healthcare: Its relationship to shared decision-making and health disparities: A response to Bradby. Soc Sci Med. 2010;71:13-17. Peek ME, Nunez-Smith M, Drum M, Lewis TT. Adapting the Everyday Discrimination Scale to medical settings: Reliability and validity testing in a sample of African-American patients. Ethn Dis. 2011;21(4):502-9. Peek ME, Lopez F, Williams HS et al. Development of a conceptual framework for understanding Shared Decision-Making among African-American LGBT patients and their clinicians. J Gen Intern Med. 2016;31(6):677-87. Tung EL, Johnson TA, O’Neal Y, Steenes AM, Caraballo G, Peek ME. Experiences of Community Violence Among Adults with Chronic Conditions: Qualitative Findings from Chicago. J Gen Intern Med. 2018;33(11): 1913-1920. Tung EL, Cagney K, Hawkley L, Peek ME. Social Isolation, Loneliness, and Violence Exposure in Urban Adults. Health Affairs. 2019;10;2670-2678. Peek ME, Vela MD, Chin MH. Practical lessons for teaching about race and racism: Successfully leading free, frank and fearless discussions. Acad Med. 2020;95:S139–S144. Peek ME, Simons R, Parker WF et al. Our Collective Obligation: An Action Plan for Mitigating COVID-19 Disparities. Am J Public Health. Persad G, Peek ME, Emanuel EJ. Fairly Prioritizing Groups for COVID-19 Vaccine Access. JAMA. 2020;324(16):1601-2.

Feb 16

28 min 20 sec

 Dr. Anand Shah, Vice President of Social Health at Kaiser Permanente speaks with Dr. Stacy Lindau, tenured professor at the University of Chicago, founder of NowPow, and president of MAPSCorps. This conversation is the first of several conversations about health care sector efforts to increase Awareness about both patient and community-level social conditions. Dr. Shah and Dr. Lindau share why whole person care matters to them personally and delve into the opportunities and challenges to taking social risk screening to scale. Some references mentioned by our speakers in this episode:  SIREN Coffee & Science Episode 0  NASEM. Integrating Social Care into the Delivery of Health Care. 2019.  CMS 2021 E&M code changes related to social determinants of health  Gottlieb LM, Hessler D, Long D, et al. Effects of social needs screening and in-person service navigation on child health: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2016:e162521.  Tong ST, Liaw WR, Kashiri PL, et al. Clinician experiences with screening for social needs in primary care. J Am Board Fam Med. 2018;31(3):351-363.  Lindau ST, Makelarski JA, Abramsohn EM, et al. CommunityRx: A real-world controlled clinical trial of a scalable, low-intensity community resource referral intervention. Am J Public Health. 2019:e1-e7.  Wilson JMG, Jungner G, World Health Organization. Principles and practice of screening for disease. 1968.  Dr. Lindau’s disclosure statement: Under the terms of Grant Number 1C1CMS330997-01-00 (Lindau, PI) from the Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services we were expected to develop a sustainable business model which will continue and support the model that we tested after award funding ends. I am the founder and owner of a social impact company NowPow, LLC and president of MAPSCorps, 501(c)(3). Neither the University of Chicago nor UChicago Medicine is endorsing or promoting NowPow or its business, products, or services. I will not discuss off label use or investigational use in my presentation. 

Feb 1

24 min 50 sec

What is this conversation series all about? What are the “five As” of social and medical care integration? How is the COVID-19 pandemic changing how health care systems see their roles and responsibilities related to the integration of social and medical care delivery? SIREN Director Dr. Laura Gottlieb introduces SIREN’s new biweekly conversation series and interviews Dr. Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Professor and Chair of the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Vice Dean for Population Health and Health Equity in the UCSF School of Medicine, and Chair of the National Academy of Medicine Ad-Hoc Committee on Integrating Social Needs Care into the Delivery of Health Care.

Dec 2020

33 min 59 sec