CRAMSURG

Giordano Perin, Saba Balasubramanian, Adam Hague, Benjamin Wood, Joshua Lau

Welcome to CRAM SURG where with every episode we review a paper on a hot surgical topic and bring top experts in the discussion! We screen high impact surgical journals, pick a paper, review it and provide in-depth discussion about methodology and content. With the help of Professor Balasubramanian (see bio) we discuss highly relevant research methodology topics and bring them to you in an easy to digest format! Find out more at www.cramsurg.org enjoy!Our tune is"Inspiring Optimistic Upbeat Energetic Guitar Rhythm" by Free Music | https://soundcloud.com/fm_freemusic Music promoted by https://www.free-stock-music.com Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.en_US

All Episodes

Paper for discussion: Sixty-Day Mortality of Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Randomized to Systemic Treatment vs Primary Tumor Resection Followed by Systemic Treatment The CAIRO4 Phase 3 Randomized Clinical Trial JAMA surg Oct 2021

Oct 21

19 min 57 sec

Paper for discussion: Antibiotics as first-line alternative to appendicectomy in adult appendicitis: 90-day follow-up from a prospective, multicentre cohort study, BJS Sept 2021 Teaching topic: propensity score matching

Sep 23

37 min 41 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about propensity score matching. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Sep 23

19 min 38 sec

Paper for discussion: Laparoscopic Versus Open Liver Resection for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Case Controlled Study with Propensity Score Matching, WJS Apr 2021 Teaching topic: Prof Danny Rosin talks about the Editorial Process at the World Journal of Surgery - what surgeons need to know!

Jul 29

55 min 15 sec

Prof Danny Rosin (Prof of surgery at Tel Aviv Universy and associate editor at the World Journal of Surgery) talks about the Editorial Process at the World Journal of Surgery - what surgeons need to know! Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Jul 29

38 min 18 sec

Paper for discussion: Overnight, things changed. Suddenly, we were in it': a qualitative study exploring how surgical teams mitigated risks of COVID-19, BJS open 2021

Jun 24

27 min 13 sec

Paper for discussion: Prophylactic sublay non-absorbable mesh positioning following midline laparotomy in a clean-contaminated field: randomized clinical trial (PROMETHEUS), British Journal of Surgery Apr 2021 Teaching topic: problems with multiple statistical testing.

May 20

31 min 49 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about problems with multiple statistical testing. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

May 20

19 min 13 sec

Paper for discussion: Low-pressure versus standard pressure laparoscopic colorectal surgery (PAROS trial): a phase III randomized controlled trial, British Journal of Surgery Mar 2021 Teaching topic: p-values and confidence intervals.

Apr 8

34 min 48 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about p values and confidence intervals. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Apr 8

18 min 7 sec

Paper for discussion: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Safety, Efficacy, and Cost-effectiveness of the Surgisis Anal Fistula Plug Versus Surgeon's Preference for Transsphincteric Fistula-in-Ano (The FIAT Trial), Annals of Surgery Mar 2021 Teaching topic: RCTs - superiority vs non inferiority vs equivalence trials

Mar 11

48 min 4 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about RCTs - superiority vs non inferiority vs equivalence trials. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Mar 11

29 min 21 sec

Paper for discussion: Outcomes of Laparoscopic Splenectomy for Treatment of Splenomegaly: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, World Journal of Surgery Feb 2021 Teaching topic: descriptive Statistics - which one should I use? Part 3 - special tables and charts

Feb 12

52 min 32 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about understanding descriptive Statistics - which one should I use? Part 3 - special tables and charts. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Feb 12

34 min 17 sec

Paper for discussion: Synthetic Versus Biological Mesh in Laparoscopic and Open Ventral Hernia Repair (LAPSIS) - Annals of Surgery Jan 2021 Teaching topic: descriptive Statistics - which one should I use? Part 2 - tables, charts and graphs

Jan 14

50 min 5 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about understanding descriptive Statistics - which one should I use? Part 2 - tables, charts and graphs. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Jan 14

33 min 12 sec

In this special episode Prof Saba Balasubramanian, Adam Hague, Julian Kurz and Gio Perin discuss why critical appraisal is important for medical students and surgical trainees at all levels! Few resourses are discussed in the podcast, a few links for them: Introduce Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) – a resource which offers ‘checklist’-type outlines for critically appraising different study types. BMJ Learning – Evidence Based Medicine: A Users’ guide BMJ Learning – Understanding Statistics: tips for hospital doctors BMJ Learning – Understanding Statistics 2: is there a significant difference? CEBM – Critical Appraisal Tools – A very useful resource for access to appraisal worksheets in different languages

Dec 2020

28 min 12 sec

Paper for discussion: Comparing Laparoscopic Elective Sigmoid Resection With Conservative Treatment in Improving Quality of Life of Patients With Diverticulitis The Laparoscopic Elective Sigmoid Resection Following Diverticulitis (LASER) Randomized Clinical Trial - JAMAsurg Nov 2020 Teaching topic: Descriptive Statistics - which one should I use? Part 1

Dec 2020

42 min 37 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about understanding descriptive Statistics - which one should I use? Part 1. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Dec 2020

26 min 52 sec

In this special episode Gio Perin and Prof Saba Balasubramanian discuss about tips and trics for writing letters to the editor. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Nov 2020

21 min 43 sec

Paper for discussion: The incidence of geriatric trauma is increasing and comparison of different scoring tools for the prediction of in hospital mortality in geriatric trauma patients, World Journal of Emergency Surgery Oct 2020 Teaching topic: understanding diagnostic tests part 2

Nov 2020

39 min 55 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about understanding diagnostic tests - part 2. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Nov 2020

22 min 20 sec

Paper for discussion: Effect of Prophylactic Embolization on Patients With Blunt Trauma at High Risk of Splenectomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial, JAMA surgery, Sept 2020 Teaching topic: understanding diagnostic tests part 1

Oct 2020

46 min 20 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about understanding diagnostic tests - part 1. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Oct 2020

30 min 16 sec

Paper for discussion: Is It Safe to Manage Acute Cholecystitis Nonoperatively During Pregnancy? A Nationwide Analysis of Morbidity According to Management Strategy, Annals of Surgery, Sept 2020 Teaching topic: measures of risk part 4 - survival curves

Sep 2020

37 min 53 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about measures of risk part 4 - survival curves. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Sep 2020

20 min 34 sec

Paper for discussion: Trends in Appendicitis Among Pregnant Women, the Risk for Cardiac Arrest, and Maternal–Fetal Mortality, World J Surg Jul 2020

Aug 2020

16 min 23 sec

Paper for discussion: Laparoscopic versus open colorectal surgery in the acute setting (LaCeS trial): a multicentre randomized feasibility trial, BJS Jun 2020 Teaching topic: Bias in observational studies

Jul 2020

42 min 8 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about Bias in observational studies. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Jul 2020

27 min 41 sec

Paper for discussion: Effect of Gastric Bypass vs Best Medical Treatment on Early-Stage Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial Teaching topic: Measures of Risk - part 3 (Hazard Ratio)

Jun 2020

36 min 53 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about Relative Risk Reduction, Absolute Risk Reduction and Number Needed to Treat. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Jun 2020

19 min 46 sec

Paper for discussion: Classifying Preoperative Opioid Use for Surgical Care, Ann Surg Jun 2020 Teaching topic: Measures of Risk - part 2 (ARR, RRR, NNT)

Jun 2020

28 min 56 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about Relative Risk Reduction, Absolute Risk Reduction and Number Needed to Treat. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Jun 2020

28 min 56 sec

Paper for discussion: Robotic Inguinal vs Transabdominal Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair: The RIVAL Randomized Clinical Trial, JAMAsurg March 2020 Teaching topic: Odds Ratio and Relative Risk

Jun 2020

42 min 17 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about Measures of Risk - Odds Ratio and Relative Risk. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Jun 2020

28 min 57 sec

Paper for discussion: Comparison of the duration of hospital stay after laparoscopic or open distal pancreatectomy: randomized controlled trial, BJS April 2020 Teaching topic: Randomised Clinical Trials - Efficacy vs Effectiveness and Intention to Treat analysis.

May 2020

45 min 11 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about Randomised Clinical Trials - Efficacy vs Effectiveness and Intention to Treat analysis. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

May 2020

32 min 34 sec

Paper for discussion: Perianal block with ropivacaine as a supplement to anaesthesia in proctological surgery: double‐blind randomized placebo‐controlled trial (PERCEPT), BJS March 2020 Teaching topic: Randomised Clinical Trials, Randomisation and Bliding.

May 2020

43 min 5 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about Randomised Clinical Trials - Randomisation and Bliding. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

May 2020

28 min 37 sec

Paper for discussion: Fluorescence or X-ray cholangiography in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized clinical trial Teaching topic: Randomised Clinical Trials, Introduction.

May 2020

49 min 59 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about Randomised Clinical Trials - An Introduction. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

May 2020

37 min 51 sec

Paper for discussion: Quality of Life and Patient Satisfaction at 7-Year Follow-up of Antibiotic Therapy vs Appendectomy for Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial. Teaching topic: Clinical Research, Types of Studies and Designs.

May 2020

48 min 52 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about Clinical Research: Types of Studies and Designs. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

May 2020

32 min 59 sec

Paper for discussion: Clinical Effectiveness of the Elder-Friendly Approaches to the Surgical Environment Initiative in Emergency General Surgery Teaching topic: Hypothesis Testing

Apr 2020

40 min 54 sec

Professor Saba Balasubramanian talks about Hypothesis Testing. Brought to you by CRAMSURG www.cramsurg.org

Apr 2020

28 min 4 sec