Formed in London in 1980, the Legendary Pink Dots began contributing to underground compilations and issuing cassettes of dark, twisted synth pop in 1981, including Chemical Playschool 1+2 and Kleine Krieg, both on Mirrordot
. Official debut LP Brighter Now was released by In Phaze Records
in 1982. Curse followed in 1983, as the group continued releasing cassettes and further volumes of Chemical Playschool. Politically fueled LP The Tower appeared in 1984, and Ka-Spel
has regarded the album as one of the group's most significant works; when the album failed to make a significant impact in the Dots' home country, they moved to Amsterdam, where they remained, incorporating many musicians from the Dutch underground music scene.
Also in 1984, Belgian label Play It Again Sam
signed LPD; the label's first release was the group's mini-album Faces in the Fire. The band remained on PIAS
into the '90s, releasing much of its best material (1988's The Golden Age, 1990's Crushed Velvet Apocalypse, 1991's The Maria Dimension) on the label. The group's sound evolved significantly, embracing non-electronic instruments such as saxophones and strings, as well as live drums. Ever prolific, Ka-Spel
also issued numerous solo albums and experiments on smaller labels, and participated in many side projects, most notable the Tear Garden
(with Skinny Puppy
's cEvin Key
) and Mimir (with Christoph Heemann
Following 1994's 9 Lives to Wonder, the Pink Dots ended their association with Play It Again Sam
. Released in 1995, From Here You'll Watch the World Go By was their first release on Soleilmoon
. Several more albums would appear on the label, as well as its sublabel Caciocavallo
, which reissued much of the band's back catalog. Even as the Legendary Pink Dots neared their two-decade anniversary, the group continued to tour Europe and America quite consistently, appreciated by several generations of dark industrial/goth audiences (and documented by the 2000 live album Farewell, Milky Way). The 2002 album All the King's Horses was Ka-Spel
's direct response to the September 11, 2001 attacks, and was one of the group's most melancholy releases. Its sister album, All the King's Men, was the Dots' first release on R.O.I.R.
, which would release a few of the group's more accessible releases. Poppy Variations appeared on Terminal Kaleidoscope in 2004, with the vinyl edition issued by Beta-lactam Ring Records
, which has released much of Ka-Spel
's solo output since 2000.
After releasing Your Children Placate You from Premature Graves on R.O.I.R.
in the spring of 2006, the band embarked on its 25th anniversary tour. The more experimental Alchemical Playschool surfaced on Caciocavallo
that year. After two more albums for R.O.I.R.
(2008's Plutonium Blonde, 2010's Seconds Late for the Brighton Line), the group released Chemical Playschool 15 on Rustblade
and two CD-R releases, The Creature That Tasted Sound and Taos Hum. The Dots remastered and digitally reissued nearly their entire back catalog in 2013, including several solo albums and side projects as well as several new releases of outtakes, live performances, and other archival material. A few more limited albums appeared on Beta-lactam Ring
that year, while Metropolis
issued the group's proper studio effort The Gethsemane Option. 10 to the Power of 9 appeared on Rustblade
in 2014. The label also released The Shock Exchange, LPD's limited split LP with kETvECTOR
, in 2015. ~ Steve Huey & Paul Simpson, Rovi