The Wiener Symphoniker was taken over by the city of Vienna in 1938 as a municipal orchestra. After World War II, with the resumption of artistic life in Vienna, the orchestra came under the direction of Herbert von Karajan
, who was kept from working with the more prestigious Philharmonic by his rival Wilhelm Furtwängler
The Wiener Symphoniker also became the orchestra of choice for early recordings by such noted conductors as Otto Klemperer
and Jascha Horenstein
, and also served as host to such figures as Ferenc Fricsay
and even Karl Böhm
, who recorded Richard Strauss'
Daphne, a notably beautiful though little known opera, the premiere of which he had conducted with the orchestra in the 1930s.