Born in Argentina to parents of French and Russian heritage, Gabetta moved to Spain to study when she was 12. She went on to win a number of major international competitions, including the Natalia Gutman Award at the Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow and the ARD competition in Munich. She came to wide international attention when she played with the Vienna Philharmonic under Valery Gergiev at the 2004 Lucerne Festival as a result of winning the Crédit Suisse Young Artist Award. She has performed with some of the world's leading orchestras including the Royal Philharmonic, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the Royal Scottish National Orchestra, and the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, under conductors such as Neeme Järvi, Charles Dutoit, Leonard Slatkin, and Christoph Eschenbach. She records for Sony, and her CDs have received numerous honors including three Echo Klassik Awards and a Diapason d'Or. Her recordings feature primarily concertos from the standard repertoire by composers such as Vivaldi, Tchaikovsky, Saint-Saëns, Shostakovich, Ginastera, and Barber. Gabetta makes her home in Switzerland. In 2005 she began teaching at the Musikhochschule in Basel, and in 2006 founded the Solsberg festival, an annual series of concerts of chamber music.