Caroline Goulding (pronounced GOLDing) was born in Port Huron, Michigan, in 1992. At age three she began lessons on the violin with Julia Kurtyka. Later on she had studies with Paul Kantor at the University of Michigan. After Kantor took a post with the Cleveland Institute of Music when Goulding was 11, her family relocated to Cleveland so she could continue studies with him there.
Goulding also studied at Juilliard via the Starling-Delay Symposium, Interlochen Center for the Arts, and the New England Conservatory of Music. Having appeared as a regular at the Aspen Music Festival and School since she was ten, Goulding entered the concerto competition there at 13 and won first prize (2005). The following year she appeared on the television program From the Top: Live from Carnegie Hall, hosted by pianist Christopher O'Riley. Goulding soon made a number of acclaimed debuts, including her 2007 appearance with the Cleveland Pops in a performance of the Vieuxtemps Souvenir d'Amérique. In 2008 Goulding signed a three-CD deal with Telarc Records, and the following year her first recording, entitled simply Caroline Goulding, was issued. A collection of works by Corigliano, Kreisler, Vieuxtemps, and others, and featuring accompaniment by O'Riley, the disc not only garnered a Grammy nomination, but made the classical Top 15 in Billboard. A second Telarc album featuring Goulding appeared in 2009, From the Top at the Pops. Drawn from live performances in October 2008, the album features Goulding in a performance of the Bruch First Concerto, with conductor Erich Kunzel leading the Cincinnati Pops Orchestra. In fall 2011 Goulding studied at the New England Conservatory with Donald Weilerstein. That was also the year she was awarded an Avery Fisher Career Grant. Since then she has appeared extensively in Europe, and has performed at Beijing's Forbidden City Concert Hall and as part of the Marlboro Music Festival. In 2016, she released a recital disc with Danae Dörken, with whom she toured Europe during the 2016-2017 season, on the ARS label. A Swiss prize led to a 2018 Claves release pairing the Korngold concerto with Mozart's Concerto No. 5, with the Berner Symphonieorchester and conductor Kevin John Edusei.