Big Brother were formed in 1965 in the Haight-Ashbury; by the time Joplin
joined in mid-1966, the lineup was Sam Andrew and James Gurley on guitar, Peter Albin on bass, and David Getz on drums. Joplin
, a recent arrival from Texas, entered the band at the instigation of Chet Helms, who (other than Bill Graham) was the most important San Francisco rock promoter. Big Brother, like the Grateful Dead
and Quicksilver Messenger Service
, were not great songwriters or singers. They didn't entirely welcome Joplin
's presence at first, though, and Joplin
did not dominate the group right away, sharing the lead vocals with other members.
It soon became evident to both band and audience that Joplin
's fiery wail -- mature and emotionally wrenching, even at that early stage -- had to be spotlighted to make Big Brother a contender. But Big Brother weren't superfluous to the effort, interpreting folk and blues with an inventive (if sometimes sloppy) eclecticism that often gave way to distorted guitar jamming, and matching Joplin
's passion with a high-spirited, anything-goes ethos of their own.
Big Brother catapulted themselves into national attention with their performance at the Monterey Pop Festival in June 1967, particularly with Joplin
's galvanizing interpretation of "Ball and Chain" (which was a highlight of the film of the event). High-powered management and record label bids rolled in immediately, but unfortunately Big Brother had tied themselves up in a bad contract with the small Mainstream label, at a time when they were stranded on the road and needed cash. Their one Mainstream album (released in 1967) actually isn't bad at all, containing some of their stronger cuts, such as "Down on Me" and "Coo Coo." It didn't fully capture the band's strengths, and with the help of new high-powered manager Albert Grossman (also handler of Bob Dylan
, the Band
, and Peter, Paul & Mary
), they extricated themselves from the Mainstream deal and signed with Columbia
The one Big Brother album for Columbia
that featured Joplin
, Cheap Thrills (1968), wasn't completed without problems of its own. John Simon
found the band so difficult to work with that he withdrew his production credit from the final LP, which was assembled from both studio sessions and live material (recorded for an aborted concert album). Cheap Thrills nonetheless went to number one when it was finally released, and though it too was an erratic affair, it contained some of the best moments of acid rock's glory days, including "Ball and Chain," "Summertime," "Combination of the Two," and "Piece of My Heart."
Cheap Thrills made Big Brother superstars, a designation that was short-lived. By the end of 1968, Joplin
had decided to go solo, a move from which neither she nor Big Brother ever fully recovered. That's putting matters too simply: Joplin
never found a backing band as sympathetic, but did record some excellent material in the remaining two years of her life. Big Brother, on the other hand, had the wind totally knocked out of their sails. Although they did re-form for a while in the early '70s with different singers (indeed, they continued to perform in watered-down variations into the '90s), nothing would ever be the same. ~ Richie Unterberger, Rovi