, the orchestra's reputation blossomed in new ways. Bernstein
brought a youthful excitement to the music, engaging new audience members, particularly through television appearances. The advent of stereo recording allowed the New York Philharmonic to re-record much of the standard canon. It also got a new performance venue: Avery Fisher Hall at Lincoln Center.
Many of the Philharmonic's directors have had to deal with threats to its standing among the world's great orchestras: competition on stages and on records from other, strong American orchestras; internal and external economic difficulties; and balancing the traditional with new music in a way that satisfies its core audience. However, commissioning and introducing new works is a long-held tradition. Memorable premieres include Dvorák
's New World Symphony; Gershwin
's Concerto in F; the Pulitzer Prize-winning On the Transmigration of Souls by John Adams
; Esa-Pekka Salonen
's Piano Concerto; and The Jungle, which is Wynton Marsalis
' fourth symphony.
The orchestra has performed in more than 430 cities in 63 countries, which includes its first tour after merging when Toscanini
took it to Europe in 1930 and a trip to the U.S.S.R. in 1959. In 2008, Lorin Maazel
led it in a historic concert in Pyongyang, North Korea, the first significant cultural visit to the country by an American organization since the 1950s. The Philharmonic hosts several free concerts each year, operates outreach programs in the city, and partners with select music schools in the U.S. and in China.
The New York Philharmonic's recording history dates back to 1917, counting over 2,000 releases, many of them award-winners, and with hundreds of them available at any given time. As many other orchestras have done, it has created its own label, releasing live concert recordings physically and becoming the first to do so digitally as well, also offering podcasts and other new media. It hosted its first Facebook Live concert in 2016. Its Leon Levy Digital Archives contain every program printed since 1842, plus scores marked by musicians and conductors.