Originally formed as Purgatory by guitarist Jon Schaffer in 1985, the band spent five years in a constant state of flux while paying their dues on the Florida live circuit. They slowly honed their sound by combining '80s thrash influences with the classic metal approach of Iron Maiden
. Their 1988 Enter the Realm demo was an underground favorite, and after changing their name to Iced Earth, the band recorded their eponymous 1990 album with a lineup consisting of guitarists Schaffer and Randall Shawver, singer Gene Adams, bassist Dave Abell, and drummer Mike McGill.
Further personnel changes saw the arrival of singer John Greely and drummer Richey Secchiari for 1991's Night of the Stormrider, an ambitious concept album which nevertheless fell on deaf ears. Disheartened, Greely decided to call it quits, but Iced Earth would re-emerge three years later with 1995's Burnt Offerings, released on Century Media Records
and featuring vocalist Matthew Barlow
and drummer Rodney Beasley. Constant touring saw Barlow prove himself the band's first reliable singer, and Iced Earth hit their stride with the following year's The Dark Saga. Despite the arrival of a new rhythm section (bassist Keith Menser and drummer Mark Prator), the album showcased the ever-improving consistency and quality of Schaffer and Shawver's songwriting, as well as excellent cover artwork from Spawn comic book creator Todd MacFarlane.
Iced Earth were so happy with that lineup that they returned to the studio in 1997 to re-record the best of their early material with Barlow on vocals, resulting in the appropriately titled Days of Purgatory collection. Schaffer also decided to relocate Iced Earth to Indiana for "strategic reasons," prompting the departure of longtime cohort Shawver before the first sessions of 1998's Something Wicked This Way Comes. The album repeated the successful formula of its predecessors, and with new guitarist Larry Tarnowski and new bassist James MacDonough in tow, the band embarked on their most ambitious world tour yet. Their performances in Greece (one of the band's largest markets) yielded the double-album Alive in Athens, released in 1999. Horror Show appeared in summer 2001. They issued the covers album Tribute to the Gods in 2002. After endless touring and the departure of Barlow, former Judas Priest
vocalist Tim "Ripper" Owens
took over the lead vocal chair. The band released their sprawling double-disc concept recording Glorious Burden in 2004 to glowing reviews. In 2007, Iced Earth released two recordings: Framing Armageddon: Something Wicked, Pt. 1, and Overture of the Wicked EP. Following suit in 2008, they released Crucible of Man: Something Wicked, Pt. 2, and the EP I Walk Among You, followed by a world tour. In 2010, the SPV
/Steamhammer imprint released the five-disc Box of the Wicked, which contained both parts of Something Wicked, and the accompanying two EPs, all on separate discs. The fifth disc contained bonus material: a re-recorded version of "A Charge to Keep" and live versions of "Dark Saga," "Iced Earth," and "Pure Evil."
The following year, Barlow announced his second departure from the band -- after rejoining in 2008 -- with Into Eternity
's Stu Block taking over vocal duties. In October the group issued their tenth studio album, Dystopia, and embarked on a hefty world tour, taking in some 133 dates. By 2012, bassist Freddie Vidales had stepped down, replaced by Fury UK
's Luke Appleton, and the group issued Live in Ancient Kourion, which had been recorded on the Dystopia tour in Cyprus. At the beginning of 2014 the band -- which now featured Jon Dette on drums -- released their 11th studio album, Plagues of Babylon. After a year away -- while Schaffer recovered from cervical fusion surgery -- the band announced they would start to write and record their 12th studio album. The resulting Incorruptible was issued in mid-2017. ~ Eduardo Rivadavia, Rovi