Established in 1983 by members of the Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, the Capella Istropolitana has performed under various conductors over the years and has regularly toured Europe, North America, the Far East, New Zealand, and Israel. The ensemble has never had a music director or chief conductor. In its early years it consisted of about 15 players, but eventually augmented its membership to accommodate performances of larger works, like the Beethoven symphonies. The group's first Bach recordings appeared in the late '80s with general acclaim, and by the early '90s the group had achieved recognition both at home and abroad: in 1991 the Bratislava City Council honored the ensemble with a decree naming it Chamber Orchestra of the City of Bratislava; that same year Naxos began issuing the first CDs in the group's Haydn and Mozart symphony projects.
Throughout the 1990s and the first decade of the new century, the Capella Istropolitana remained extremely active in the recording studio, achieving great popularity with two platinum discs. The group also maintained a busy schedule of concerts, touring the U.S., Canada, and almost every European country. Its 2007 schedule, for instance, included numerous concerts in Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Croatia, France, and Switzerland.