Deerhunter were formed in 2001 by Cox and drummer and keyboardist Moses Archuleta; guitarists Colin Mee and Lockett Pundt and bassist Josh Fauver completed the lineup over the following years. Deerhunter signed with the local Atlanta indie Stickfigure Records for their 2005 debut: nominally untitled, the album is also known as "Turn It Up, Faggot" (a phrase that doesn't appear on the sleeve), an insult that Cox claimed was often thrown at the band during its gigs. Deerhunter then signed to the higher-profile indie Kranky (Godspeed You! Black Emperor, etc.) for their second album, Cryptograms, as well as the EP Fluorescent Grey. Mee left Deerhunter and was replaced by former cheerleader Whitney Petty. The band recorded its third album, Microcastle, at New York City's Rare Book Room studio; the album was released digitally two months before it arrived on CD in fall 2008; like Fluorescent Grey, it found Brad Cox and company moving in a more pop-oriented direction. Deerhunter toured extensively on the indie festival circuit, but took a break in 2010 to record their fourth album, Halcyon Digest, in their home base of Athens, Georgia. Fauver left Deerhunter before they began recording their fifth full-length, but new bassist Josh McKay and additional guitarist Frankie Broyles joined the fold in January 2013 for the recording sessions, which resulted in that May's Monomania, which had a much rougher, looser sound than the band had exhibited in some time. The band performed at that year's All Tomorrow's Parties in Camber Sands, England, playing the entirety of Cryptograms, Microcastle, and Halcyon Digest during the three-day festival. In December 2014, Cox was hit by a car and hospitalized for his injuries; fortunately, he recovered and Deerhunter continued work on their next album. Fading Frontier, which featured collaborations with Stereolab's Tim Gane and Broadcast's James Cargill as well as a duet between Cox and Pundt, arrived in October 2015.
After a relatively quiet few years Deerhunter embarked on a spring tour in 2018 during which they released the limited cassette-only Double Dream of Spring, and the 300 tour-only copies of the 40-minute tape sold out at their first show in Brooklyn. The band produced the release as a means to satisfy fan's longing for new material until their next album proper arrived in 2019. In November 2018 it was announced that former bassist Josh Fauver had died at the age of 39.
Deerhunter's eighth album Why Hasn't Everything Already Disappeared was released in January 2019. The opening track “Death in Midsummer” was released in advance of the record and features Welsh artists Cate Le Bon on harpsichord. Le Bon is also credited as one of four producers on the album, alongside Ben H. Allen III (Animal Collective, Cut Copy), Ben Etter and the band. ~ Stewart Mason, Rovi