Yevgeny Sudbin was born in St. Petersburg, Russia (the former Leningrad, USSR), in 1980. By age seven he exhibited an extraordinary talent and was admitted to St. Petersburg Conservatory under a special program for gifted youths. He won an international competition in 1990, the year his parents moved the family to Berlin.
Sudbin studied there at the Hochschule für Musik Berlin (today the Berlin University of the Arts). In 1997 he relocated to London and began studies at the Purcell School and later at the Royal Academy of Music. At both institutions his most important teacher was Christopher Elton. Other teachers over the years include Murray Perahia, Claude Frank, Stephen Hough, Leon Fleisher, Stephen Kovacevich, Alexander Satz, Dmitri Bashkirov, Maria Curcio, and Fou Ts'ong.
By the early 2000s, Sudbin's career was well established in England and throughout Europe, with appearances at the major venues in Berlin, Hamburg, Leipzig, Paris, and London. His first recording was released in 2005, a collection of Scarlatti sonatas that received nearly unanimous critical acclaim.
In 2006 he toured the U.S. and Canada, scoring particular critical success with his New York debut at the Frick Collection. The following year he achieved further critical acclaim on his tours of Austria, Italy, Brazil, U.S. (Aspen Festival), Spain, Denmark, and France. In 2010 was named a visiting professor at the Royal Academy of Music and that same year made his Concertgebouw debut. His recordings include a 2007 BIS CD of sonatas and other works by Scriabin.