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Arvo Pärt is one of those composers whose creative output has signiﬁcantly changed the way we understand the nature of music. <br> Pärt was born on 11 September 1935 in Paide, Estonia.
He emigrated with his family to Vienna in 1980, and one year later moved to Berlin. The year 1984 marks the beginning of his creative collaboration with the distinguished CD label ECM and the producer Manfred Eicher and the release of the CD Tabula Rasa. In 2010, Pärt returned to Estonia where he resides today. <br> As one of the most radical representatives of the Soviet avant-garde, Pärt’s work passed through a profound evolutionary process. After dramatic collage piece Credo (1968), Pärt rejected previous modernist techniques and stopped composing for several years. <br> In 1976, after the intensive study of Gregorian chant, the Notre Dame School and Renaissance polyphony, Pärt emerged with a new and highly original musical language which he called tintinnabuli (tintinnabulum – Latin for ‘little bell’). The ﬁrst tintinnabuli-piece, Für Alina, for piano (1976) was soon followed by masterpieces like Cantus in Memory of Benjamin Britten (1977), Fratres (1977), Tabula rasa (1977), Spiegel im Spiegel (1978) and many others.<br> His ’musical Credo’ is rooted in Christianity and his works are mostly based on liturgical texts or other Christian prayers. These include several major works, such as Passio (1982), Te Deum (1985),