Turning Keys is a 90s band known for outstanding vocals and amazing synth hooks at a time when electronic music had gone underground. From an amassment of Eric C. Powell's original songs, the synth pop band Turning Keys was founded in 1989 by Eric C. Powell, Jeffrey Gonzalez, and Andrea Matthews (now Powell). Turning Keys boasted several lineups over the years. Notably, Shannon O'Keefe (now Parish) joined in 1992 contributing vocals to "Waiting." A dedicated fanbase in Southern California gathered in small clubs featuring an array of synth pop, industrial, and techno bands. Turning Keys rose up from this scene sponsoring two Synth Tours and playing with such acts as A Flock Of Seagulls, Depeche Mode, and Missing Persons. Mean Street Magazine wrote, "Elements of Depeche Mode and A Flock of Seagulls creep in a just the right moments." Another review boasted Turning Keys' music as featuring "synths galore, outstanding vocals, and amazing hooks. Not a weak track to be found!" Later Ronn Canzano was added to the lineup on drums in 1993 and taking over programming and songwriting by 1994. Rich Grace provided lead vocals in 1994 for live shows including those with Depeche Mode and Paul Schell took over the songwriting and frontman role in 1994. Turning Keys was initially on label Emotiv Records (now Emotive Media Group), but Jeffrey Gonzalez created GONZO! Records in 1994 as an outlet for varied electronic bands like Bol and Full Frequency.